EXAM 2.2: ARTICLE II (Declaration of Principles and State Policies)

Write a concurring opinion and dissenting opinion for the motion.

UNITE THE CHURCH AND STATE BY LEGISLATING FAITH.

Article II, Section 6.

The separation of Church and State shall be inviolable.

This is related to Article III, Section 5. “No law shall be made respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof. The free exercise and enjoyment of religious profession and worship, without discrimination or preference, shall forever be allowed. No religious test shall be required for the exercise of civil or political rights.”

The provision calls on the Church and the State to “render unto Caesar the things that are Caesar’s and unto God the things that are God’s.”

Put another way, the Church is barred from interfering in purely political matters or temporal aspects of a person’s life. Likewise, the State is not to interfere in purely matters of religion and morals which are the exclusive concern of the other.

The difficulty is in determining the exact demarcation line between the respective domains of the Church and the State as can be seen in the contentious issue spawned by the Reproductive Health Bill.

Concurring opinion:

1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.
2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
3. Propose an amendment. Justify your proposal.

Dissenting opinion:

1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.
2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
3. Justify why the separation of Church and State should remain inviolable.

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41 Responses

  1. Concurring opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.

    The separation of church and state ensures that private citizens, when acting in the role of some government official, cannot have any aspect of their private religious beliefs imposed upon others. School teachers cannot promote their religion to other people’s children. Local officials cannot require certain religious beliefs on the part of government employees. Government leaders cannot make members of other religions feel like they are unwanted or are second-class citizens by using their position to promote particular religious beliefs.

    The separation of church and state is a key to constitutional liberty which protects the Filipino public from tyranny. It protects all people from the religious tyranny of any one religious group or tradition and it protects all people from a government intent on tyrannizing some or any religious groups.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    Sometimes the church and state interfere with one another. Just like the CBCP which always comment on political matters and some of its members do participate in rallies and demonstrations against the government. They even convince people to participate in these rallies and demonstrations to oust government officials especially the President of the Philippines. The other way around, some government officials use religious organizations as endorsement for political interests.

    3. Propose an amendment. Justify your proposal.

    Instead of having the government and church separated, why don’t we unite them to form a new entity which will administer the nation at the same time promulgate the word of God. There are different sects and religious organizations but if we unite them as one entity to represent the church without any restrictions to the public of what religion he is into, then there will be universal government of the nation which we can say inspired by the Holy Spirit. Maybe this is possible to reduce graft and corruption in the government and an increase in patriotism.

    Dissenting opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.

    The separation of church and state ensures that private citizens, when acting in the role of some government official, cannot have any aspect of their private religious beliefs imposed upon others. School teachers cannot promote their religion to other people’s children. Local officials cannot require certain religious beliefs on the part of government employees. Government leaders cannot make members of other religions feel like they are unwanted or are second-class citizens by using their position to promote particular religious beliefs.

    The separation of church and state is a key to constitutional liberty which protects the Filipino public from tyranny. It protects all people from the religious tyranny of any one religious group or tradition and it protects all people from a government intent on tyrannizing some or any religious groups.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    The church and state should be separated entities. They can never be united because of the discrepancy in the Civil Law and Divine Law. Also, the government should not favor in any religious organization for it can lead to conflicts, vice versa. The government should serve its purpose as an administrative entity for the people while the church as strengthening entity for spiritual aspects.

    3. Justify why the separation of Church and State should remain inviolable.

    The separation of the church and state should remain inviolable so as to work for them as different entities with one common goal which is to serve and protect their fellow Filipino people. Because merging with one another will only lead to conflicts due to different advocacies which lead to misunderstanding in both entities.

  2. A. Concurring Opinion

    1. the rationale for the separation of church and state is that there are some things in religion which we cant require in state and there are some things in a state which cant be a requirement in a religion. bottomline is that its for the respect for ones religion and to promote also constitutional liberty.

    2. the rationale is flawed due to certain situations wherein the church meddle in political affairs and govt’ official make use of religion for political campaigns.

    3. maybe the idea of having the church and state be allowed to meddle with one another on certain topics which involves political and spiritual concerns, that way it would cause less conflict between the two parties.

    B. Dissenting Opinion

    1. the rationale for the separation of church and state is that there are some things in religion which we cant require in state and there are some things in a state which cant be a requirement in a religion. bottomline is that its for the respect for ones religion and to promote also constitutional liberty.

    2. the rationale is correct for the reason that each side’s decision are base on different grounds for example the church divine law while the govt the civil law.

    3. its better if the church and the govt would work separately that way all civil issues can be solve with civil solutions while spiritual issues can be solve with spiritual solutions.

  3. A. Concurring Opinion:

    1. Separation of church and state is a political and legal doctrine that government and religious institutions are to be kept separate and independent from each other. There are matters that the church should not be involved because they know nothing of. Same goes with the state.

    2. The rationale is flawed because although they still make actions that does not directly interfere with each other it still mean the same thing.

    3. The church and the state should be one in order for them to discuss and decide only on one solution and not arguing on a lot of things even those that does not concern them.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:

    1. Separation of church and state is a political and legal doctrine that government and religious institutions are to be kept separate and independent from each other. There are matters that the church should not be involved because they know nothing of. Same goes with the state.

    2. The rationale is correct. The church and the state are two different bodies that have actually no connection at all.

    3. The separation of the church and the state should remain. The church should not interfere with the state especially on matters that does not actually concern them because they have insufficient knowledge about them. Same goes with the state for they know nothing about religious matters. They should be focused on matters that would improve our country both in religious and political aspects. They should not relate matters from one to the other. They should stop arguing about matters that does not concern them.

  4. Concurring opinion:

    Church and State are driven by different points of view. Separating them will provide protection to citizen from religious domination or government domination. This law is flawed because it can’t prevent the church and state to interfere from each other. They always squeal their insights and maybe use each other for personal interests. There should be a stronger law to separate the church and state because these two powerhouses are the balancing the country from pure political and pure religion.

    Dissenting opinion:

    Church and State are driven by different points of view. Separating them will provide protection to citizen from religious domination or government domination. This rationale is correct due to its nature of separating the church and state so there will be no domination from any of the two and maintaining a good balance for the country. The separation must remain unviolable so that the balance remains.

  5. Concurring opinion:
    ==========================================

    1.State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.
    >The Church and the state are entirely separate bodies. The Church must not interfere on political matters or temporal aspects of a person’s life. Similarly, the State must also not interfere in matters of religion. Thus, both entities have different powers that must not intervene with each other. Separation of the church and state is necessary to avoid disagreements.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    >The rationale is flawed for the state and the church cannot avoid to interfere with each other. Gawad Kalinga or the GK777 which is a church-based program is best known for their charity works, but some political issues arise regarding the situation. Some officials use the said project, donating huge amount of money for publicity and own purpose. Thus, the state just using the church for own sake. Another is, each entity is keep on commenting on each other, CBCP, Reproductive Health Bill, Governor Panlilio of Pampanga and other issues.

    3.Propose an amendment. Justify your proposal.
    >They must work with each other for they share a common goal, the betterment of the country and the society. Besides, most officials are Catholics so they cannot deny that religion may be a factor in their decision making. Likewise, the Church which stands for good cannot let evil things run down the country. They cannot just let the government continue, if they are already seeing malicious acts. Thus, if they work with each other, there will be lesser conflicts, and goals are easier to attain.

    B. Dissenting opinion:
    ==========================================

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.
    >The Church and the state are entirely separate bodies. The Church must not interfere on political matters or temporal aspects of a person’s life. Similarly, the State must also not interfere in matters of religion. Thus, both entities have different powers that must not intervene with each other. Separation of the church and state is necessary to avoid disagreements.

    2.Explain why the rationale is correct.
    >The rationale is correct, for the State and Church are entirely different from one another. Through their separation, disagreements may be lessen because neither one of them has the right to intervene with each other. And lastly, each entity will be more concentrated on their specific roles on the society.

    3. Justify why the separation of Church and State should remain inviolable.
    >They should remain separate for it has some advantages. First, is that conflicts are much lessened because none will try to arbitrate their decisions or plans. Secondly, goals of each entity will be easier to achieve. Thus, producing a more progressive nation.

  6. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
    UNITE THE CHURCH AND STATE BY LEGISLATING FAITH.

    A – Concurring Opinion:

    1 – State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.
    The rationale of the separation of Church and State is that, both must not influence one another for they are two different bodies in this world.

    2 – Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    The rationale is flawed because, when both parties/ bodies join hands with each other, everyone will cooperate to the programs of both Church and State. This could even contribute to WORLD PEACE!

    3 – Propose and amendment. Justify your proposal.
    The Church and State should be one so that conflicts between them will be lessened. Unlike what is happening now in our country, conflicts between the two parties are very common.

    B – Dissenting Opinion:

    1 – State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.
    The rationale of the separation of Church and State is that, both must not influence one another for they are two different bodies in this world.

    2 – Explain why the rationale is correct.
    The rationale is correct because if Church and State unite, more problems will occur in this crisis-infested country. Filipinos are not only Catholic or Methodist or Muslims or/and other religious beliefs. Moreover, both parties have no connection at all. The Church has no right to tell the State what to do because of what the bible is telling. The bible can’t even fix the problem of one person. How about 1 billion more problematic individuals?

    3 – Justify why the separation of Church and State should remain inviolable.
    The separation of Church and State should remain inviolable to prevent conflicts among religious beliefs. And for the Government to do their job for the betterment of their country.
    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

  7. CONCURRING OPINION

    State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.

    The Church and the State are two entirely different bodies each having a different role to play in the society. The role of the State is to ensure as far as possible the common good of the society, the Church promoting ethical and spiritual awareness. The idea behind the separations was to prevent disputes and conflicts.

    Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    As the saying goes, “Two heads are better than one”. Although integrating these two establishments would arise confusions and conflict, such problems would be resolved finding the middle ground.

    Propose an amendment. Justify your proposal.

    A good nation is defined on how they can work in unity. Unity between the Church and the State would help promote unity within its people. I therefore propose that the Church and the State work as one. The Church should be entitled to interfere with matters concerning political matters.

    DISSENTING OPINION

    State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.

    The Church and the State are two entirely different bodies each having a different role to play in the society. The role of the State is to ensure as far as possible the common good of the society, the Church promoting ethical and spiritual awareness. The idea behind the separations was to prevent disputes and conflicts.

    Explain why the rationale is correct

    The rationale speaks for itself. Neither of the two should interfere. Unity must be prevented so to prevent misunderstanding with the limitation of the authority they handle.

    Justify why the separation of Church and State should remain inviolable.

    Separation of Church and State should remain inviolable. Doing so would preserve our rights of enjoying free exercise and enjoyment of religious profession and worship. The provision calls on the Church and the State to “render unto Caesar the things that are Caesar’s and unto God the things that are God’s.”

  8. Concurring opinion:

    The rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State is to ensure that both of them will act independently on their respective issues, that is, the Church is barred from interfering in purely political matters or temporal aspects of a person’s life. Likewise, the State is not to interfere in purely matters of religion and morals which are the exclusive concern of the other.
    The rationale is flawed because as we can see there are certain issues in our society that can only be resolve with the collaboration of the Church and the State.
    I believe that Article III, Section 5 should be revise in such a way that there is still a boundary between the Church and the State but the only difference is that, both of them will have special power that will only took effect when the situation calls for it (ex. EDSA one).

    Dissenting opinion:

    The rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State is to ensure that both of them will act independently on their respective issues, that is, the Church is barred from interfering in purely political matters or temporal aspects of a person’s life. Likewise, the State is not to interfere in purely matters of religion and morals which are the exclusive concern of the other.
    The rationale is correct because it follows Article III, Section 5 which states that, “No law shall be made respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof. The free exercise and enjoyment of religious profession and worship, without discrimination or preference, shall forever be allowed. No religious test shall be required for the exercise of civil or political rights.”
    The separation of Church and State should remain inviolable to ensure that both of them will act independently on their respective issues.

  9. Nino, Krista Marie M.

    A. Concurring Opinion

    The separation between the Church and State is strengthened by the freedom of religion. The State cannot oblige its citizens on certain beliefs. And the Church should not push the government to pass or get rid of a bill.

    The rationale is flawed. The wall of separation between the two is not clearly defined. Sometimes the Church influences the State. For instance, People Power I was carried out because the Church intervened.

    The Church must not be fully separated from the State. For instance, since the RH bill includes issues about life (pro-life or otherwise), the State must consult for the Church’ view on the bill.

    ****************
    B. Dissenting Opinion

    The separation between the Church and State is strengthened by the freedom of religion. The State cannot oblige its citizens on certain beliefs. And the Church should not push the government to pass or get rid of a bill.

    The rationale is correct. The State must focus on governing and the Church must focus on preaching (enlightening) the people. They have different goals; thus, must be separate.

    The separation of Church and State shall be inviolable. Combing the two would simply cause confusion. A clash of interests on the government would result to disorder in the country.

  10. A. Concurring:

    The church and the state are two different bodies with different responsibilities in a society. The separation of the church and the state allows them to act independently and do their job for the people.

    This rationale is flawed. The separation is not 100% because some political decision is influenced by the church and vice versa.

    It should not be completely separated because the church and the state can make laws which is good for both side.

    B. Dissenting

    The church and the state are two different bodies with different responsibilities in a society. The separation of the church and the state allows them to act independently and do their job for the people.

    This rationale is correct. The separation allows the State to focus on governing its citizens and the church to spread His words to the followers.

    The separation should be inviolable to make sure that the church and the state do their responsibilities well.

  11. Concurring opinion:

    The separation of the Church and State are due to the existence of thier different perspectives. Separation of the Church and the State provides the people from religious or government despotism. This law proved to be flawed for it can’t stop the church and state to impose interference in the other’s jurisdiction. They always publicize their insights in the media and use the arsenal of influences to outrun each other. There should be a sterner division to separate the church and state because these two influential bodies create the line of religion and politics.

    Dissenting opinion:

    The separation of the Church and State are due to the existence of thier different perspectives. Separation of the Church and the State provides the people from religious or government despotism. This rationale is essential and right due to its nature of separating the church and state so there will be no depotism from any of the two and maintaining a good balance of power for the country. The separation must remain unviolable under any circumstances

  12. Concurring opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.

    The church and state is to be separated because of its interests. The church is to be concerned with the spiritual growth of the people while the state is for the welfare of the society. It also prevents having one body controlling both aspects of the society.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    This law can’t stop the conflicting interest of the two bodies. The church for example is continually opposing acts of the government like the health republic act strongly in which the people because of their faith will obey what the hierarchy of the church says. It is weak for it does not specify clearly what each other could not affect on the other.

    3. Propose an amendment. Justify your proposal.

    This law should be clear on what the church could not touch on the issues of the state and what the state could not touch within the church so that to avoid the conflict between the two bodies.

    Dissenting opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.

    The church and state is to be separated because of its interests. The church is to be concerned with the spiritual growth of the people while the state is for the welfare of the society. It also prevents having one body controlling both aspects of the society.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    It is correct because it prevents some of the conflicting ideals of the two bodies from clashing with each other. It helps the two bodies serve the citizens in a way that the citizens are not that confuse on which to follow. It prevents a body from attaining supreme power by getting same aspects just like the era of the Spanish colonialism in the Philippines.

    3. Justify why the separation of Church and State should remain inviolable.

    It should remain inviolable because it sets apart the two bodies from each other. The church and state can independently from each other and we as a individuals can practice a religion of our choice.

  13. A. Concurring Opinion

    The rationale is to guarantee religious freedom and prevent any one religious group from imposing its beliefs on others. The rationale is flawed because even though the state and any religious groups are separated, there will still and always be uncertainties regarding belief influences. Moreover, it may be a reason of refusal to serve. I propose to unite the church and the state by legislating faith.
    “There has never been a spiritual awakening in any country or locality that did not begin in united prayer.”
    -A.T. Pierson

    B. Dissenting Opinion
    The rationale is to guarantee religious freedom and prevent any one religious group from imposing its beliefs on others. The rationale is correct because it prevents the influence of false irrational faith to the objectivity of the state. They should remain inviolable because the state and the church were not meant to be together. Church + State = Gulo. Tulad ng issue sa RH bill, hindi nagJjive ung mga ideals. Kaya dapat magkahiwalay

  14. Concurring opinion:
    _________________________________________
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.

    The Church and the State must be separated for they are two bodies with different beliefs, customs and judgement. The Church judges things as they appear to be morally right and proper, the State on the other hand is more concerened with the benefit an action can provide. For these reasons the Church and State must act separately just as science and religion do not mix, same is to politics and religion.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    The rationale is flawed, because with or without the intention of the two bodies this separation causes larger and more problems. The law cannot stop the ideals and beliefs of these bodies to clash at some point. the State will at some point interfere with the Church, and the Church will do the same to the State, and with this law in place a bigger conflict will arise.

    3. Propose an amendment. Justify your proposal.

    The Church and the State should be one and united, for they are both doing certain decisions for the same purpose, and that is for the welfare of the people they serve. With the people as their primary concern, there really is no reason not to be able to settle certain conflicts.

    Dissenting opinion:
    _______________________________________

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.

    The Church and the State must be separated for they are two bodies with different beliefs, customs and judgement. The Church judges things as they appear to be morally right and proper, the State on the other hand is more concerened with the benefit an action can provide. For these reasons the Church and State must act separately just as science and religion do not mix, same is to politics and religion.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    The rationale is correct because it provides both the Church and the State with respect for the other’s decisions. It is also correct because it allows both bodies to be more focused on their primary purpose as individual bodies for the people.

    3. Justify why the separation of Church and State should remain inviolable.

    The separation of the Church and the State should remain inviolable because it sets the boundaries and limitations of both bodies. It allows them to function better as individual bodies that cause more misunderstanding if tried to be united even for a common goal. With or without their intention, the beliefs of both bodies would always be contradicting in one way or another.

  15. Concurring opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.

    -The separation of church and state was implemented based on the past history of the clash of interests that usually erupted whenever these two entities intersected on one issue.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    -The rationale is flawed because the church and state still find ways to interfere with each other’s business, such as religious leaders endorsing political candidates.

    3. Propose an amendment. Justify your proposal.

    -I propose that the line of separation of the church and state be more clearly defined as to what can or can’t be done. This is to ensure that no misunderstandings or exploitations may arise when the two entities intersect.

    Dissenting opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.

    -The separation of church and state was implemented based on the past history of the clash of interests that usually erupted whenever these two entities intersected on one issue.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    -It is correct because there should be a clear separation of church and state as to avoid the clash of different values each entity possesses.

    3. Justify why the separation of Church and State should remain inviolable.

    -It should remain inviolable because as history clearly showed, the clash of ideals that happens when these two entities come together usually results in chaos in the administration, as both govern different sides of society, providing confusion.

  16. A. Concurring Opinion:

    “No law shall be made respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof. The free exercise and enjoyment of religious profession and worship, without discrimination or preference, shall forever be allowed. No religious test shall be required for the exercise of civil or political rights.”
    The rationale is flawed because there are many instances of church-state issues such as the church interfering with the government in elections.
    The Church and the State should be one and united, for they are both doing certain decisions for the same purpose, and that is for the welfare of the people they serve. With the people as their primary concern, there really is no reason not to be able to settle certain conflicts.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:

    “No law shall be made respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof. The free exercise and enjoyment of religious profession and worship, without discrimination or preference, shall forever be allowed. No religious test shall be required for the exercise of civil or political rights.”
    The rationale is correct because the church and the state are two different bodies. The government is the sovereign body of the country and the church is the religious body. Their roles are completely different and therefore, cannot be united.

  17. A. Concurring opinion:
    The separation of church and state guarantees that private citizens cannot have any aspect of their religious beliefs imposed upon others. School teachers cannot endorse their religion to other people’s children. Local officials cannot necessitate certain religious beliefs on the part of government employees. Government leaders cannot make members of other religions feel unwanted. Sometimes the church and state interfere with one another. Just like the CBCP which always comment on political matters and some of its members do participate in rallies and demonstrations against the government. They even convince people to participate in these rallies and demonstrations to oust government officials especially the President of the Philippines. The other way around, some government officials use religious organizations as endorsement for political interests. Instead of having the government and church separated, unite them to form a new entity which will administer the nation at the same time promulgate the word of God. There are different sects and religious organizations but if we unite them as one entity to represent the church without any restrictions to the public of what religion he is into, then there will be universal government of the nation which we can say inspired by the Holy Spirit. Maybe this is possible to reduce graft and corruption in the government and an increase in patriotism.

    B. Dissenting opinion:
    The separation of church and state guarantees that private citizens cannot have any aspect of their religious beliefs imposed upon others. School teachers cannot endorse their religion to other people’s children. Local officials cannot necessitate certain religious beliefs on the part of government employees. Government leaders cannot make members of other religions feel unwanted. The church and state should be separate entities. The government should not favor any religious organization for it can lead to major conflicts. The government should serve its purpose as an administrative body for the people while the church as strengthening body for spiritual facets. The separation of the church and state should remain sacrosanct so as to work for them as different entities with one common goal which is to serve and protect their fellow Filipino people since merging with one another will only lead to conflicts due to different advocacy which lead to misunderstanding in both entities.

  18. Concurring opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.

    the Church and the State being two different entities is supposed to be seperated. the Church being the one who is in-charge of the spiritual part of the people while the State is focused on the orderliness and well-being of the citizens.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    the rationale is flawed because no matter how the authorities of both entities seperate each other. there will still be issues that may concern the other.

    3. Propose an amendment. Justify your proposal.

    both Church and the State should somehow make an independent body that somehow have the common interest and will agree almost on everything.

    Dissenting opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.

    the Church and the State being two different entities is supposed to be seperated. the Church being the one who is in-charge of the spiritual part of the people while the State is focused on the orderliness and well-being of the citizens.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    the rationale is correct because the Church and the State have different ways of “governing” the people. one thing or the other, they will not agree in all the things that the other might implement

    3. Justify why the separation of Church and State should remain inviolable

    the Church and the State should remain inviolable so that the people would not be torn between two masters. they have the freedom to exercise their religious rights. and vice-versa

  19. UNITE THE CHURCH AND STATE BY LEGISLATING FAITH.

    Concurring opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.

    “No law shall be made respecting an establishment of religion.” The principle simply means that the church is not to interfere in purely political matters or temporal aspects of man’s life and the State, in purely matters of religion and morals, which are exclusive concerns of the others.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    The rationale is flawed because even though there’s the establishment of religion clause, there are still people from the different religions in the Philippines who still partakes with demonstrations and rallies against the government.

    3. Propose an amendment. Justify your proposal.

    I propose that there would be a clear line and distinction between the limits of the Church and the State. To provide a clear of what can the Church do with the State,and vice versa.

    Dissenting opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.

    “No law shall be made respecting an establishment of religion.” The principle simply means that the church is not to interfere in purely political matters or temporal aspects of man’s life and the State, in purely matters of religion and morals, which are exclusive concerns of the others.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    The rationale is correct because it is intended to erect a wall separating the Church and the State. The State shall have no official religion and put up a church, whether or not supported with public funds, and aid or prefer any or all religions over the other.

    3. Justify why the separation of Church and State should remain inviolable.

    The State shall have no official religion and put up a church, whether or not supported with public funds, and aid or prefer any or all religions over the other. Every person is free to profess belief or disbelief in any religion, every religious minister is free to participate his calling. And the State cannot punish a person for entertaining or professing religious beliefs or disbeliefs.

  20. Concurring opinion:
    _________________________________________
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.

    The Church and the State must be separated for they are two bodies with different beliefs, customs and judgement. The Church judges things as they appear to be morally right and proper, the State on the other hand is more concerened with the benefit an action can provide. For these reasons the Church and State must act separately just as science and religion do not mix, same is to politics and religion.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    The rationale is flawed, because with or without the intention of the two bodies this separation causes larger and more problems. The law cannot stop the ideals and beliefs of these bodies to clash at some point. the State will at some point interfere with the Church, and the Church will do the same to the State, and with this law in place a bigger conflict will arise.

    3. Propose an amendment. Justify your proposal.

    The Church and the State should be one and united, for they are both doing certain decisions for the same purpose, and that is for the welfare of the people they serve. With the people as their primary concern, there really is no reason not to be able to settle certain conflicts.

    Dissenting opinion:
    _______________________________________

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.

    The Church and the State must be separated for they are two bodies with different beliefs, customs and judgement. The Church judges things as they appear to be morally right and proper, the State on the other hand is more concerened with the benefit an action can provide. For these reasons the Church and State must act separately just as science and religion do not mix, same is to politics and religion.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    The rationale is correct because it provides both the Church and the State with respect for the other’s decisions. It is also correct because it allows both bodies to be more focused on their primary purpose as individual bodies for the people.

    3. Justify why the separation of Church and State should remain inviolable.

    The separation of the Church and the State should remain inviolable because it sets the boundaries and limitations of both bodies. It allows them to function better as individual bodies that cause more misunderstanding if tried to be united even for a common goal. With or without their intention, the beliefs of both bodies would always be contradicting in one way or another.

  21. 1. Concurring opinion:
    1. The Church is barred from interfering in purely political matters or temporal aspects of a person’s life. Likewise, the State is not to interfere in purely matters of religion and morals which are the exclusive concern of the other.
    2. It is flawed because this nation consist of many religions. Each belief differs from each other so it may be bias to a group of people.
    3. I think it is better to create a group of people who is influential in their religion to be in a group so each decision or side can be heard.
    Dissenting opinion:
    1. I think meddling with each other’s forte can create confusion or make their responsibilities in their forte be inefficient.
    The rationale is correct because it may create conflict between the two parties.
    The Church and Government should remain separated to avoid conflict with each other. Both should concentrate in their side to make better projects or such in their forte.

  22. A. Concurring

    1. There are some things in religion which we cant require in state and there are some things in a state which cant be a requirement in a religion.

    2. it is flawed. at the first place, there are many different religions in the Philippines.

    3.The Church and the State should be one and united, for they have the same purpose, and it is the welfare of humanity.

    B.Dissenting
    1. There are some things in religion which we cant require in state and there are some things in a state which cant be a requirement in a religion.

    2. the rationale is correct because the Church and the State have different ways of “governing” the people. one thing or the other, they will not agree in all the things that the other might implement

    3.It should remain inviolable because it sets apart the two bodies from each other. The church and state can independently from each other and we as a individuals can practice a religion of our choice.

  23. Concurring opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.
    The 1987 Constitution of the Philippines asserts that: “The separation of the Church and State shall be inviolable” (Section 5, Article II ). It defines the boundaries of both the State and the Church thus avoiding any conflicts and disputes

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    The rationale is flawed because most of the citizens of the Philippines, including the government officials, are Catholics and therefore practices the principles of the Church. The Church and the State is not totally separated from each other.

    3. Propose an amendment. Justify your proposal.

    The two should cooperate with each other so that the State would be a well-rounded state. It will not only exhibit the principles defined by the laws of the State but will also exhibit the principles of the Church which are fundamentally humane.

    Dissenting opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.
    The 1987 Constitution of the Philippines asserts that: “The separation of the Church and State shall be inviolable” (Section 5, Article II ). It defines the boundaries of both the State and the Church thus avoiding any conflicts and disputes

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    The rationale is correct because they follow different doctrines and one is not forced to follow the doctrine of the other. Humane doctrines should not be sacrificed because of the decrees of the State.

    3. Justify why the separation of Church and State should remain inviolable.

    Separation of Church and State should remain inviolable to prevent conflicts between the two. Not all principles of the State are approved by the Church and asking them to approve of it will be like declaring a war. The same is true with the principles of the Church.

  24. A. Concurring opinion

    The rationale of the separation of Church and State is that, both must not influence one another for they are two different bodies in this world.

    It is flawed in the sense that the church could not interfere with political matters. The state not interfering with the church is m ore reasonable because faith is a personal matter, meaning it is a personal choice and right inherent to a person.

    I think the Church should not be barred from interfering with political matters because the Church is composed of Filipinos; individuals who happen to be also citizens of the Philippines with legal rights to exercise and preserve their political rights. They happen to be members of a church, but they also happen to be Filipinos who have responsibility to their country.

    B. Dissenting opini0n

    The rationale of the separation of Church and State is that, both must not influence one another for they are two different bodies in this world.

    It is correct in the sense that the state does not really have something to do with anybody’s preference of faith or religion. As I said, it is a personal matter, unlike politics which is a public or national matter with which each and every citizen of this nation is/should be concerned.

    It should remain inviolable in the sense that when a man of church interferes with political matters, it should not be taken as if he is the whole church; likewise, when a man of the state interferes with religious matters, he shall not be taken as the whole state.

  25. EXAM 2.2: ARTICLE II
    __________________________________________________

    A. Concurring Opinion:

    The separation of the Church and the State is obliged by the law – the freedom of religion & beliefs. The State must not be favor in only one religion and the Church must not prevent laws that is considered immoral to them.

    The rationale is flawed because whenever there’s a new proposed law, the Church always intervene with its implementation. They (Church) persuade the people the lawmakers and also the people to approve or disprove a law.

    The Church and the State should unite because they both have the same goals for the citizens, to build better life. Since Christianity is the most common faith in the Philippines, it shall be the country’s legislating faith.
    __________________________________________________

    B. Dissenting Opinion:

    The separation of the Church and the State is obliged by the law – the freedom of religion & beliefs. The State must not be favor in only one religion and the Church must not prevent laws that is considered immoral to them.

    The rationale is correct because the Church is only focused on spiritual enlightenment while the State is focused on imposing civic laws for the greater good.

    The separation of Church and State should remain inviolable because both have different points of view. Having a democratic government should not stick to a specific religion.

  26. A. Concurring Opinion:
    1.)The Church and Government are two separate entities governed by different laws, beliefs and principles. The church is concerned with religious matter. The government is concerned with the laws concerning peace and ordinance.

    2.)The rationale is flawed because most of the citizens of the Philippines, including the government officials, are Catholics and therefore practices the principles of the Church. In this sense, the Church and the State are not totally separated from each other.

    3.)The church and the state government must unite and understand each other for a better leadership in the country. Political science and religion may not be fully united but the leaders of both bodies may work with one another without violating any laws run by either of the 2.

    Dissenting opinion:
    1.)The separation of church and state was implemented based on the past history of the clash of interests that usually erupted whenever these two entities intersected on 1 issue.

    2.)It is correct because the Church and the State are different from each other. The church teaches moral and the state give justice to us.

    3.)The church and the state should be separated. It will avoid conflicts between this two bodies. The church has different point of view on an issue and so thus the government. Having them separated will avoid this conflicts.

  27. A. Concurring Opinion

    The Church and Government are two separate entities governed by different laws, beliefs and principles. The church is concerned with religious matter. The government is concerned with the laws concerning peace and ordinance. Therefore, these two entities should never interfere with each other especially with regards to decision making.

    The rationale is flawed because I think that it would be better if the Church and Government would work together because they can bring different types of people together.

    Church and government should learn to work together for the betterment of our country. They serve different needs of the people. Thus, they would be able to produce a more progressive nation.

    B. Dissenting Opinion

    The Church and Government are two separate entities governed by different laws, beliefs and principles. The church is concerned with religious matter. The government is concerned with the laws concerning peace and ordinance. Therefore, these two entities should never interfere with each other especially with regards to decision making.

    The rationale is correct. They should not interfere with each other since they have different approach of everything. This may result to conflict between the two.

    The Church and Government should remain separated to avoid conflict with each other. Both have different approach, views and opinions in everything. Instead of arguing, have themselves productive to contribute in the betterment of our country.

  28. Concurring opinion:

    1.The Church and the State is seperated because if one is to do its job, it must be free from any kind influence. if the Church and the State is not seperated then there will be conflict of interests in both bodies.

    2. The rationale is flawed because as we all know the Philippines is a god-fearing nation and has a very strong religious belief and yet we are also a law-abiding people. there are things that we should abide in accordance with the law but the Church doesn’t approve and there also what the Church wants but the State raises an eyebrow. this where the conflict comes. torn between two masters.

    3. There should be a body/council or an independent group that can settle which-is-which in implementing ideas or suggestions for the people which is in accordence to both the Church and the State.

    Dissenting opinion:

    1. The Church and the State is seperated because if one is to do its job, it must be free from any kind influence. if the Church and the State is not seperated then there will be conflict of interests in both bodies.

    2. It is correct because the State and the Church has its own way of “governing” the people. if they are seperated then they can freely dissiminate and spread there rules/ideas.

    3.It should remain seperated becuase it is just the way things shoulwhich they must respect.
    d be. these two have their own opinions, ideas and beliefs

  29. Concurring opinion:

    1. The Church and the State are different in terms of beliefs, customs and judgement. The Church’s opinions are based on what is morally right and proper, while the State’s opinions are based on who will benefit on the action.

    2. The rationale is flawed, because no one can stop the Church on giving their own stands on issues concerning our country because they are still citizens of the Philippines and therefor, affected on what is happening in it.

    3. The Church and the State should be united because it is better to have something what is morally right and at the same time, will benefit everyone.
    _______________________________________

    Dissenting opinion:

    1. The Church and the State are different in terms of beliefs, customs and judgement. The Church’s opinions are based on what is morally right and proper, while the State’s opinions are based on who will benefit on the action.

    2. The rationale is correct because sometimes the name of the Church are only used to have a good publicity or impression.

    3. The Church and the State should remain separated because their beliefs would always be contradicting one way or another.

  30. A. Dissenting Opinion
    The purpose of the Separation of Church and State is to define how much influence has over the other. This is done in order for both not to interfere with matters that do not concern the other. Since both are very influential bodies, this separation of power is necessary
    This rationale is flawed because the peoples are governed by laws and their beliefs. People live in such a way that the laws they follow must not contradict with what they believe. If the Church and State work closely with each other, this conflict would not arise.
    The Church and the State should work more closely together. Today there are many conflicts between laws of the government and laws of the church. In order to avoid this there must be some influence between one another, although it should only be limited.

    B. Dissenting Opinion
    The separation of the Church and the state is based upon the freedom of religion.
    The rationale is correct. The church must focus on their religious activity. Two different sectors have different goals. Church must not involve the state governance, because they must enlighten people.
    I believe that the involvement of the church in the state decision will crash out our country.

  31. _____________________________________________________________________________________

    EXAM 2.2
    ERWIN R. SANTOS
    3ECEA
    _____________________________________________________________________________________
    Concurring opinion:

    The church and the state are totally separate bodies governed by different laws, philosophies and principles. The state is concerned with the laws relating to peace and ordinance. The church is concerned with religious matters. Thus, the church must not get in the way on political matters. Therefore, these two entities should never interfere with each other especially with regards to decision making.

    The rationale is flawed since it would be better if the State and Church would work together. Moreover, the State and the Church cannot keep away from interfering each other.

    Church and State must work together for the betterment of our country. Thus if they work together their goals would be easier to attain and they would be able to produce a more progressive nation.

    Dissenting opinion:

    The church and the state are totally separate bodies governed by different laws, philosophies and principles. The state is concerned with the laws relating to peace and ordinance. The church is concerned with religious matters. Thus, the church must not get in the way on political matters. Therefore, these two entities should never interfere with each other especially with regards to decision making

    The rationale is correct, because the state and church are totally different to each other. Since, they have different approach of everything. This may end to disagreement between the two.

    The Church and State have different approach, point of views and opinions. Therefore, they should remain separate to avoid disagreement with each other.
    _____________________________________________________________________________________

  32. Concurring Opinion

    Religion is dependent on the factor that the people act with respect to what they believe in – in their faith. The state, or the government depends more on logic, and following what is right. As a country, mostly populated by christians, Our laws must also follow. It does’nt only make the citizens follow the laws easily, but it also allows the people relate easily.

    Dissenting Opinion

    Religion is dependent on the factor that the people act with respect to what they believe in – in their faith. The state, or the government depends more on logic, and following what is right. There is more than one religion out there. If the government listens to all, then it will find it hard to create laws, as many of the ideas of the different religions might oppose one other. Other than that, having the religion one with the state would not ensure that biases to a certain religion might show.

  33. wahahaha, rush kung rush ang mga tao…

  34. A. Concurring opinion

    The rationale of the separation of Church and State is that, both must not influence one another for they are two different bodies in this world.

    It is flawed in the sense that the church could not interfere with political matters. The state not interfering with the church is m ore reasonable because faith is a personal matter, meaning it is a personal choice and right inherent to a person.

    I think the Church should not be barred from interfering with political matters because the Church is composed of Filipinos; individuals who happen to be also citizens of the Philippines with legal rights to exercise and preserve their political rights. They happen to be members of a church, but they also happen to be Filipinos who have responsibility to their country.

    B. Dissenting opini0n

    The rationale of the separation of Church and State is that, both must not influence one another for they are two different bodies in this world.

    It is correct in the sense that the state does not really have something to do with anybody’s preference of faith or religion. As I said, it is a personal matter, unlike politics which is a public or national matter with which each and every citizen of this nation is/should be concerned.

    It should remain inviolable in the sense that when a man of church interferes with political matters, it should not be taken as if he is the whole church; likewise, when a man of the state interferes with religious matters, he shall not be taken as the whole state.

  35. EXAM 2.2 – UNITE THE CHURCH AND STATE BY LEGISLATING FAITH

    CONCURRING OPINION:

    The separation of the Church and the State is clearly explained in our Constitution. This is because for the people to have free exercise and enjoyment of religious profession and worship, without discrimination or preference.

    The rationale is flawed. The two entities might merge in order for the people to be put in a better condition. The guidance of these two would have a greater impact in a person’s life.

    The Church and the State can be interconnected to each other. However, keeping in mind that the Philippines is not composed of Catholics only. It is possible to merge but every religion present in this country must be considered.

    DISSENTING OPINION:

    The separation of the Church and the State is clearly explained in our Constitution. This is because for the people to have free exercise and enjoyment of religious profession and worship, without discrimination or preference.

    The rationale is correct because government and Church are two different aspects in an individual’s life.

    The separation of the Church and the State should be kept. There is a boundary between these two entities. Also, a country does not have only one religion for all of its citizens. So a principle in a religion may not apply to others. This shows that the separations should remain.

  36. Concurring opinion:

    1-The Church is separated from the State because not all Filipinos are Catholics. All Filipinos are free to choose what they believe in and separation of Church from State prevents some government officials from imposing their beliefs on others.

    2-The rationale is flawed because members of the Church are still counted as the Filipino people. They can still interfere in the government’s doings. They still have their freedom of speech. They can voice out their opinion by simply saying, “I’m saying this as a Filipino, not as a man of the Church.”

    3-To make things fair, the State and Church should just be united. Not at all aspects, but in some ways that not only the Church has a say at what the government does, but also the government can impose something on the Church. With proper limitations, I’m sure the government and Church could work together.

    Dissenting opinion:

    1-The Church is separated from the State because not all Filipinos are Catholics. All Filipinos are free to choose what they believe in and separation of Church from State prevents some government officials from imposing their beliefs on others.

    2-The rationale is correct because members of other religions might think that they have fewer rights as a Filipino. Also, both entities have strong opinions and rarely have the same. Most of the time, the Church disapprove of the government. They have very different basis of decisions.

    3-The separation of Church and State should remain inviolable. The two entities will never work harmoniously. The Church should mind their own business and vice versa. They have their own expertise and they should stick to what they know.

  37. Concurring opinion:

    The rationale of the principle of the separation of church and state is summed up in the familiar saying, “Strong fences make good neighbors.” The idea advocated by this principle is to delineate the boundaries between the two institutions and thus avoid encroachments by one against the other because of a misunderstanding of the limits of their respective exclusive jurisdictions. The demarcation line calls on the entities to “render therefore unto Caesar the things that are Caesar’s and unto God the things that are God’s.” While the State is prohibited from interfering in purely ecclesiastical affairs, the Church is likewise barred from meddling in purely secular matters.

    The rationale is flawed because the people in the State are Catholics and the people in the Church are also leaders in their own way. Even when separated, they are still doing what the other is supposed to do.

    The Church and State should unite so they can help each other in serving the people. In one case, there is already a priest sitting as a public official. the Church already meddling with the State nowadays and they are trying to help the people by arguing with the legislators about certain laws and alike.

    Dissenting opinion:

    The rationale of the principle of the separation of church and state is summed up in the familiar saying, “Strong fences make good neighbors.” The idea advocated by this principle is to delineate the boundaries between the two institutions and thus avoid encroachments by one against the other because of a misunderstanding of the limits of their respective exclusive jurisdictions. The demarcation line calls on the entities to “render therefore unto Caesar the things that are Caesar’s and unto God the things that are God’s.” While the State is prohibited from interfering in purely ecclesiastical affairs, the Church is likewise barred from meddling in purely secular matters.

    The rationale is correct because having the Church and State separate from each other, it strengthens their beliefs and conflicts between the two are minimized. They can focus more on what they are supposed to focus on.

    The separation of the Church and State should remain inviolable because it makes them more reliable in what they are doing. If they were to meddle with each others work then they would always argue with each other because of their different beliefs. More arguments will lead to nowhere.

  38. Concurring opinion:
    The separation of Church and State is for everyone to have free expression of beliefs. This separation could result in the creation of an alternative religion and is manifested in the teaching of humanity independent of God. The Church and the State’s unification will bring about synergy – their combined effect will be greater than the sum of their individual effects. That way, both will be more effective in guiding the people and the country in everyone’s search for the truth.

    Dissenting opinion:
    The separation of Church and State is for everyone to have free expression of beliefs. To try to merge the two is to try to suppress one or the other. The separation of the church and the state should remain inviolable because it just can’t be forced that everyone believes in the same things instantly. And somehow, that’s how order is achieved.

  39. 3ECEA
    PGC – – Exam 2.2

    UNITE THE CHURCH AND STATE BY LEGISLATING FAITH

    A, Concurring Opinion
    The provision calls on the Church and the State to “render unto Caesar the things that are Caesar’s and unto God the things that are God’s.” There is a complete separation between the state and the church. The church should not interfere with the decisions made by the state and vice-versa. The law is flawed because it may be better if the Church and the state work together. Because most of the time their separation brings many debates about their conflicting ideas. These two great entities could work together in harmony to serve the welfare of the people.

    B. Dissenting Opinion

    The principle of the separation of the Church and the State simply means that the Church is not to interfere in purely political matters, and the State, in purely matters of religion and morals, which are exclusive concerns of the other.
    There is a separation because there is a major difference. Especially in our country, there is a vast variation in religion. The belief of one contradicts that of the other. However, even without uniting the Church and the State, agreement and harmony could still be obtained within both body. The Church and the state should have representatives hearing each other’s sides and instead of arguing about differences, make amendments that will be agreed by both parties.

  40. Concurring opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.
    There should be distinctive separation between the Church and the State, for both of them to execute laws and regulation without serious arguments. But each shall consider the other, since we are under one country, and each is a citizen of it. Each should take responsibility respectively.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    The Rationale is flawed because sometimes the State oversees the Church and vice versa, each stands more independently than what must be expected. Some political issues, drags morality and other humane topics.

    3. Propose an amendment. Justify your proposal.
    The State should take responsibility especially on moral issues, so that there will be no interruptions from the church, and the church should mind their boundary with regards in the independence of the State to them.
    Dissenting opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.
    There should be distinctive separation between the Church and the State, for both of them to execute laws and regulation without serious arguments. But each shall consider the other, since we are under one country, and each is a citizen of it. Each should take responsibility respectively.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    The Rationale is correct because if there will be no separation between the church and the state, regulating laws that will help each citizen and believer would give confusion and divides the mentality of the people.

    3. Justify why the separation of Church and State should remain inviolable
    It should remain inviolable because it gives no harm to the people, the regulations of both parties, are good and beneficial to its area of responsibility. This gives peace and order, balance of the mankind and in the ecosystem.

  41. a.Concurring Opinion
    1.State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.
    The Church and State are two different bodies, and it would not be good intertwining the two. Church focuses on religion while State on politics.
    2.Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    On certain situations, the Church’s laws support those of the State’s and vice-versa.
    3.Propose an amendment. Justify your proposal.
    The Church and the State should work together to reach the common goal and achieve a more pleasing result.
    b.Dissenting Opinion
    1.State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.
    The Church and State are two different bodies, and it would not be good intertwining the two. Church focuses on religion while State on politics.
    2.Explain why the rationale is correct.
    The rationale is correct because the Church’s and the State’s purpose is too much different.
    3.Justify why the separation of Church and State should remain inviolable.
    The separation of Church and State should remain inviolable because their purposes are too much different compared to the other and so, is not meant to be together.

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