EXAM 2.5 (ARTICLE V: Suffrage)

Write a concurring opinion and dissenting opinion for the motion.

REQUIRE LITERACY FOR SUFFRAGE.

Article V, Section 1.

Suffrage may be exercised by all citizens of the Philippines not otherwise disqualified by law, who are at least eighteen years of age, and who shall have resided in the Philippines for at least one year and in the place wherein they propose to vote for at least six months immediately preceding the election. No literacy, property, or other substantive requirement shall be imposed on the exercise of suffrage.

Concurring opinion:

1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage..
2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
3. Consider the proposal to require literacy for suffrage. Justify the proposal.

Dissenting opinion:

1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.
2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
3. Justify why literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage.

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40 Responses

  1. Concurring Opinion:

    The Filipino is free and given right to suffrage. The reason for this being that leaders need to be CHOSEN by the Filipino PEOPLE. However, if we look at it at an objective angle, those who are not literate do not understand or much less know what is in our constitution. They might have the right overview but some notions they believe might be wrong or unconstitutional.

    In other words, illiterate voters vote without proper knowledge of the power about to be acquired by the ones running for position. This is very misleading and disturbing.

    Voting is a very delicate matter. It can push a nation towards growth or towards decay. Therefore, one must only vote if and only if he fully knows the powers, benefits, responsibilities and accountabilities of the position they are voting for.

    Dissenting Opinion:

    The Filipino people is the heart of its country. They are given every right to ensure the rights given to each Filipino is respected and held. Therefore, they also have the right to elect those who they want to lead them.

    Suffrage is a right and a freedom for a Filipino Citizen. Taking it away violates a Filipino’s every being. Why does the Filipino need to be literate to vote? while those who run for positions are not required to be literate?

    Being handicapped does not deprive a person the right to live. It is only right that the illiterate also be given the right to suffrage.

  2. A. Concurring Opinion

    1. the rationale for this is that our nations people need a leader to lead them and right to suffrage or right to vote for these leaders to is one of the many rights of our fellow countrymen need to have their opinions heard. one need not be literate to able to say his opinion for this matter since not only a great mind is needed but also a morally defined mind to be a great leader.

    2. the rationale is flawed because there are times illiteracy becomes a weakness which is expounded by greedy officials in order to placed in positions in the govt.

    3. literacy is required so as to be not fooled by sweet tongues and masked offers of certain corrupt candidate running at the election.

    B. Dissenting Opinion

    1. the rationale for this is that our nations people need a leader to lead them and right to suffrage or right to vote for these leaders to is one of the many rights of our fellow countrymen need to have their opinions heard. one need not be literate to able to say his opinion for this matter since not only a great mind is needed but also a morally defined mind to be a great leader.

    2.its correct because there are a lot of us which are illiterate. excluding them would be discrimination of social status and depriving them of their right to vote.

    3. everyone has an equal right to vote. being illiterate should not be an obstacle in voting since it will not be basely on a candidates intellectuality but also his morality.

  3. Concurring opinion:

    The rationale of the doctrine is that literacy is not required in knowing what a person can do. Its the heart that chooses. Each citizen also has the right to choose who he want to be as his leader. The flaw is that, some running officials takes advantage of the illiteracy of the voters. Literacy should be required to prevent running officials to abuse illiterate voters.

    Dissenting opinion:

    The rationale of the doctrine is that literacy is not required in knowing what a person can do. Its the heart that chooses. Each citizen also has the right to choose who he want to be as his leader. Its correct because there really are many illiterate voters and citizens, excluding them or depriving them of their right to vote is like excluding them from the society and could only make them feel worst. Because all of us has the right to vote as a citizen and in voting, most of us doesn’t use literacy but the exercise to look into ones heart to know who is sincere and are really willing to lead the people honestly.

  4. A. Concurring opinion:
    ==========================================

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.
    > The rationale for not making literacy a requirement for voting is for every citizen to exercise their right to vote. Illiteracy is not a hindrance in suffrage as long as he or she meets the other requirements needed for voting as prescribed by law.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    >The rationale is flawed for most illiterate people belong to the poor. Due to poverty and lack of knowledge, these people are being used and paid by politicians in exchange of their votes. Thus, they are robbed of their right to vote and deceived by the offer of money for it is what they need.

    3. Consider the proposal to require literacy for suffrage. Justify the proposal.
    >The proposal of literacy for suffrage is possible for it helps a person why and who to vote for. It can make a person fully understand suffrage thus, unclean elections may be lessened for they know how important voting is and it cannot be paid my money.

    B. Dissenting opinion:
    ==========================================

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.
    > The rationale for not making literacy a requirement for voting is for every citizen to exercise their right to vote. Illiteracy is not a hindrance in suffrage as long as he or she meets the other requirements needed for voting as prescribed by law.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    > The rationale is correct for it gives illiterate people exercise their right to vote. As citizens of the country, we must have equal rights and equal opportunities.

    3. Justify why literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage.
    > Literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage for our country has one of the most poor people citizens in the world, thus, they became illiterate for they can’t afford schooling. It follows that many people will also lose their chance to exercise their right to vote. Secondly, it is a form of discrimination for them. They won’t be able to express their thoughts and opinions through the process of voting. Literacy is not needed to define the candidates’ traits why he or she must be voted

  5. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
    REQUIRE LITERACY FOR SUFFRAGE.

    A – Concurring Opinion:

    1 – State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.
    Literacy is not a requirement for suffrage because, not all people in the Philippines are well educated, and it should not be a hindrance for someone who wants to express his/her opinion and freedom.

    2 – Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    The rationale is flawed because literacy can help you become better being. It can help you pass your limitations. Through literacy, sky is your limit.

    3 – Consider the proposal to require literacy for suffrage. Justify the proposal.
    I propose the literacy must be a requirement of suffrage in order for the Filipino people to improve their lives and their own motherland, the Philippines.

    B – Dissenting Opinion:

    1 – State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.
    Literacy is not a requirement for suffrage because, not all people in the Philippines are well educated, and it should not be a hindrance for someone who wants to express his/her opinion and freedom.

    2 – Explain why the rationale is correct.
    The rationale is correct because, your intelligence is in-born to the person. It is all in the person and not in schools and books. Experience also teaches everyone.

    3 – Justify why literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage.
    There are some things learned by experience and not just in the classrooms. And this is the reason why literacy should not be imposed on the exercise for suffrage. For example, some of the illiterate citizens know how poverty affects the family because they experience it, bigtime, and these experiences help them consider who to vote.
    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

  6. Concurring opinion

    The rationale for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage is because it honors the right of every Filipino to express their freedom and vote the candidates whom they think deserves the position without discrimination.
    The reason for being is flawed because there are cases that some voters do not have the knowledge or idea of what a deserving politician should be, they merely judge with the superficiality of the candidate’s personality.
    I believe that imposing literacy requirement for suffrage will “somehow” help us in choosing deserving public “servants” because it’s clear to us what deserving politicians should be.

    Dissenting opinion

    The rationale for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage is because it honors the right of every Filipino to express their freedom and vote the candidates whom they think deserves the position without discrimination.
    The rationale is correct because it follows Article V, Section 1 which states that “Suffrage may be exercised by all citizens of the Philippines not otherwise disqualified by law, who are at least eighteen years of age, and who shall have resided in the Philippines for at least one year and in the place wherein they propose to vote for at least six months immediately preceding the election. No literacy, property, or other substantive requirement shall be imposed on the exercise of suffrage.”
    Literacy should not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage because it discriminates our less fortunate fellow Filipinos to exercise their freedom to vote.

  7. Nino, Krista Marie M.

    A. Concurring Opinion

    Suffrage is the right to vote in political elections. There is no literacy requirement for suffrage because it is believed that everyone has the right to be heard, which includes voting.

    The rationale is flawed because a person who is illiterate might also be incapable of choosing the better candidate, or does not fully understand the government itself.

    Literacy must be included in the requirement for suffrage. This would ensure that voters are able to comprehend the importance of each vote. And that the officials elected were chosen with consideration.

    ****************
    B. Dissenting Opinion

    Suffrage is the right to vote in political elections. There is no literacy requirement for suffrage because it is believed that everyone has the right to be heard, which includes voting.

    The rationale is correct. Each individual must be treated equally. To exclude them would be discrimination.

    Literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage. To prevent a person from voting because he/she had not achieved a level of education is bias and unfair.

  8. A. Concurring

    The rationale for not requiring literacy for suffrage is because it is believed that every people has the right to choose the people they want to serve in politics.

    This rationale is flawed. Illitirate people might vote for the wrong people. They might choose people who are incapable of the position.

    Requiring literacy in Suffrage might reduce wasted votes.

    B. Dissenting

    The rationale for not requiring literacy for suffrage is because it is believed that every people has the right to choose the people they want to serve in politics.

    This rationale is correct. Even though they are illiterate, it is their right to vote.

    Requiring literacy must not be imposed because it prevents uneducated people from being heard.

  9. Concurring opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.

    The reason for not making literacy a prerequisite for suffrage is to enable every person in the state to vote providing that the other requirements are met in order to be qualified to vote. This makes sense since not everyone can afford to go to school.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    The rationale is flawed because illiterate voters do vote without considering the consequences of their actions; whether the candidate has the capability to be in charge or not. They sometimes believe in deceptive propaganda and even accept bribes.

    3. Consider the proposal to require literacy for suffrage. Justify the proposal.

    Literacy should be considered for suffrage. The people of today should be wiser than that of yesterday. They should not believe in misleading words of another Loki. They should be knowledgeable of the repercussions of their actions. In other words, the government should do something in order to educate everybody at all cost.

    Dissenting opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.

    The reason for not making literacy a prerequisite for suffrage is to enable every person in the state to vote providing that the other requirements are met in order to be qualified to vote. This makes sense since not everyone can afford to go to school.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    The rationale is correct because it does not violate the freedom and rights of every person to vote anyone they want to without discrimination and alter ego.

    3. Justify why literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage.

    If literacy is a compulsory requirement in order to vote, only a few educated persons are given the chance to exercise their right to vote, while others are not. Therefore, there will be discrimination for only the educated can vote, and the illiterate are cannot. There will be unfair treatment among the citizens of the Philippines that could lead to anarchy.

  10. Concurring opinion:

    Literacy is not a requirement in the criteria of an honest and humble entity. Each citizen has the right to choose who he want to be as his leader. Though pure in objective, the flaw is that there would always be some running officials that will take advantage of the illiteracy of the humble voters. Literacy should be required to prevent abuse of some running officials to take advantage of illiterate voters.

    Dissenting opinion:

    Literacy is not a requirement in the criteria of an honest and humble entity. Each citizen has the right to choose who he want to be as his leader. This is definitely sound for there really are many illiterate voters and citizens in our country, excluding them in the elections or depriving them of their right to vote is like excluding them from the society and would result into chaos. For all of us have the right to vote as a citizen and in voting, we do not use our literacy as a means of knowing whom to vote and elect but the innate ability of deciphering good civil service from corruptive rule.

  11. A. Concurring Opinion
    The rationale for this is that every citizen are equally treated by law. Meaning, being literate or not, you will be granted of the right to vote. However, literacy is still a requirement for a person to vote. Literacy conveys the ability of a person to read and write. How in the world will an illiterate citizen be able to vote independently without evil influences, if doesn’t know how to read and write? I propose that the government create programs to at least teach them how to read and write.

    B. Dissenting Opinion
    The rationale for this is that every citizen are equally treated by law. The rationale for this is that every citizen are equally treated by law. Meaning, being literate or not, you will be granted of the right to vote. The rationale is correct for it does not deprive one of the right to choose. Imposing the requirement of literacy means a bigotry among the rich and the poor(since illiteracy is often associated with poverty). It is for this reason that literacy should not be imposed on the right of suffrage.

  12. Concurring opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage..

    One need not to be literate to know who he/she wants to vote. Even without literacy, he/she has an opinion too and say of who he/she wants to be elected. It protects the right of the illiterate to vote.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    Sometimes, politicians abuse the illiterate ones. They fool them with words or write the wrong name in their ballot pretending to help them.
    3. Consider the proposal to require literacy for suffrage. Justify the proposal.

    To vote one should be a little literate to prevent being fooled by the candidate.

    Dissenting opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.

    One need not to be literate to know who he/she wants to vote. Even without literacy, he/she has an opinion too and say of who he/she wants to be elected. It protects the right of the illiterate to vote.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    Every person of right age and is capable of should be given the right to vote. And this law gives the illiterate ones which are very capable of making decisions themselves protects that right.

    3. Justify why literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage.

    Those who are illiterate are also Filipinos who only could not read or write but they could hear and listen and speak and shout their opinion. They have the capabilities to think and to choose for themselves a decision that they themselves made. They are very capable of making a choice of who to vote and we should respect that.

  13. Concurring opinion:
    _______________________________________

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage..

    Every citizen of a country that has reached the legal age of voting has a right to suffrage wether or not he/ she is literate. The right of a person to vote must not be taken form him/ her due to the simple reason of illiteracy.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    The rationale is flawed because people may take advantage of these cases. Some politicians use the reason of illiteracy to bribe and force people to vote for them during elections. Some say that they do this to be able to help but it was believed otherwise.

    3. Consider the proposal to require literacy for suffrage. Justify the proposal.

    It cannot be denied that every citizen who falls in the age of voting has the right to vote, but aside from this reality we must also remember that it would be better and that it would benefit the country more if the voters would be literate and cannot be bribed to make their decisions as to whom to vote. Therefore literacy must be required for suffrage.

    Dissenting opinion:
    _______________________________________

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.

    Every citizen of a country that has reached the legal age of voting has a right to suffrage wether or not he/ she is literate. The right of a person to vote must not be taken form him/ her due to the simple reason of illiteracy.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    The rationale is correct because it provides every person who fall under the age of voting equal rights to vote. The rationale does not prevent the people who are illiterate from heir right to vote the government official they prefer.

    3. Justify why literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage.

    Whether we would like to admit it or not, not every Filipino at the age of voting are capable to study to become literate. This should not prevent them from having a say as to whom they wanted to vote. Literacy for every qualified voter cannot be assured by our current status, therefore we cannot force litercy as a requirement to vote.

  14. A. Concurring opinion:
    The rationale for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage is to allow every citizen to vote provided that the legal requirements are met in order to be a qualified voter. This is fair enough since not all can afford education. The rationale is flawed since uneducated voters may vote without considering the consequences of their actions; whether the candidate is capable of the position he is running for. They sometimes believe in misleading propaganda and even accept inducements. Literacy should be considered for suffrage. They should be well-informed of the aftermaths of their actions.
    B. Dissenting opinion:
    The rationale for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage is to allow every citizen to vote provided that the legal requirements are met in order to be a qualified voter. This is fair enough since not all can afford education. The rationale is correct as this goes along with the freedom and rights of every person to vote anyone they want to without inequity and alter ego. If literacy is a necessary requirement in order to vote, only few educated persons are given the chance to exercise their right to vote, while others are not. Thus, there will be unfairness for only the cultured can vote, and the illiterate cannot.

  15. Concurring opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.

    -Literacy is not a requirement for suffrage because not all citizens of the nation are educated, meaning some citizens will have to be left out of voting matters if implemented.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    -It is flawed because usually, illiterate masses are easily swayed by flashy campaigns and false promises. These citizens may not have the necessary judgment skills for voting.

    3. Consider the proposal to require literacy for suffrage. Justify the proposal.

    -Requiring literacy for suffrage would ensure that the majority of the votes were made by people who know how to make informed decisions when it comes to choosing a candidate.

    Dissenting opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.

    -Literacy is not a requirement for suffrage because not all citizens of the nation are educated, meaning some citizens will have to be left out of voting matters if implemented.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    -The rationale is correct because it allows all citizens to exercise their right to vote democratically.

    3. Justify why literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage.

    -Literacy should not be imposed as a requirement because it may leave out many well-meaning citizens from fulfilling their democratic right of voting for who they see as a suitable leader.

  16. Concurring opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage..

    as we all know, it doesn’t take a genius to know if one is being maltreated, abused and the like. this is also the same for suffrage. being a citizen of a democratic state it should be a right for everyone to vote unless of course they are on the right age.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    it is flawed because most illitirate persons belong to the D class of the society. some of the are “kumakapit sa patalim” and will do anything to earn some money or feed their families. come election time, some politicians might bribe them.

    3. Consider the proposal to require literacy for suffrage. Justify the proposal.

    requiring literacy for suffrage will be a big accomplish for the country because the elected officials will be competent and ready for their job. the right leaders will assume their position because the masses voted wisely and the one who they think is up to the job.

    Dissenting opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.

    as we all know, it doesn’t take a genius to know if one is being maltreated, abused and the like. this is also the same for suffrage. being a citizen of a democratic state it should be a right for everyone to vote unless of course they are on the right age.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    the provision is correct because Philippines is a democratic state by nature. it is where the voice of the people is a valuable thing. being unable to vote because you’re an illiterate person is a big slap on the face. the democracy should prevail and that includes the right to vote without any hindrance (of couse they should be of the right age)

    3. Justify why literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage

    literacy should not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage because many good-hearted people can’t join on electing their future leaders. yes, they’re illiterate but that doesn’t stop them for giving service to our country.

  17. A. Concurring Opinion:

    The requirements of suffrage are at least eighteen years of age, and shall have resided in the Philippines for at least one year and in the place wherein they propose to vote for at least six months immediately preceding the election. He or she must also be a citizen of the Philippines. The law did not require literacy as a requirement because it allows the illiterate Filipinos to have the right to vote.
    The rationale is flawed because if you think of it, how could an illiterate person vote? Doesn’t the person need to be able to read and write to be able to know whom he or she is voting? The voting process also requires writing in the ballot, so an illiterate would not understand what is in the ballot and cannot write the person he is voting because he is illiterate.
    Literacy must be required in suffrage because it can also promote higher literacy rate among the citizens of the Philippines.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:

    The requirements of suffrage are at least eighteen years of age, and shall have resided in the Philippines for at least one year and in the place wherein they propose to vote for at least six months immediately preceding the election. He or she must also be a citizen of the Philippines. The law did not require literacy as a requirement because it allows the illiterate Filipinos to have the right to vote.
    The rationale is correct because it treats illiterate Filipinos equally with those who are literate. It does not promote bias between the voters. It also allows every citizen of the Philippines to have the right to vote.
    The literacy requirement in suffrage must not be imposed to promote equality among the Filipinos.

  18. Concurring opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage..

    Every citizen of a country that has reached the legal age of voting has a right to suffrage wether or not he/ she is literate. The right of a person to vote must not be taken form him/ her due to the simple reason of illiteracy.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    The rationale is flawed because people may take advantage of these cases. Some politicians use the reason of illiteracy to bribe and force people to vote for them during elections. Some say that they do this to be able to help but it was believed otherwise.

    3. Consider the proposal to require literacy for suffrage. Justify the proposal.

    It cannot be denied that every citizen who falls in the age of voting has the right to vote, but aside from this reality we must also remember that it would be better and that it would benefit the country more if the voters would be literate and cannot be bribed to make their decisions as to whom to vote. Therefore literacy must be required for suffrage.

    Dissenting opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.

    Every citizen of a country that has reached the legal age of voting has a right to suffrage wether or not he/ she is literate. The right of a person to vote must not be taken form him/ her due to the simple reason of illiteracy.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    The rationale is correct because it provides every person who fall under the age of voting equal rights to vote. The rationale does not prevent the people who are illiterate from heir right to vote the government official they prefer.

    3. Justify why literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage.

    Whether we would like to admit it or not, not every Filipino at the age of voting are capable to study to become literate. This should not prevent them from having a say as to whom they wanted to vote. Literacy for every qualified voter cannot be assured by our current status, therefore we cannot force litercy as a requirement to vote.

  19. REQUIRE LITERACY FOR SUFFRAGE.

    Article V, Section 1.

    Suffrage may be exercised by all citizens of the Philippines not otherwise disqualified by law, who are at least eighteen years of age, and who shall have resided in the Philippines for at least one year and in the place wherein they propose to vote for at least six months immediately preceding the election. No literacy, property, or other substantive requirement shall be imposed on the exercise of suffrage.

    Concurring opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage..

    Literacy is not a prerequisite for a right of suffrage because it is not necessary for an individual to have degree or educational attainment; it doesn’t mean that the person is ignorant.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    The rationale is flawed because the individual’s illiteracy might be manipulated and easily be tricked by the politicians.

    3. Consider the proposal to require literacy for suffrage. Justify the proposal.

    I propose that there should be voter’s awareness program for the upcoming election. To prevent any politicians from using this weaknesses to their advantage.

    Dissenting opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.

    Literacy is not a prerequisite for a right of suffrage because it is not necessary for an individual to have degree or educational attainment; it doesn’t mean that the person is ignorant.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    The rationale is correct because the illiterate persons are not ignorant.

    3. Justify why literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage.

    Literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage because the person have their own decision to whom they will choose to vote.

  20. A. concurring

    1.The rationale for not making literacy a requirement for voting is for every citizen to exercise their right to vote. Illiteracy is not a hindrance in suffrage as long as he or she meets the other requirements needed for voting as prescribed by law

    2.The flaw is that, some running officials takes advantage of the illiteracy of the voters. Literacy should be required to prevent running officials to abuse illiterate voters.

    3.Literacy should be required to prevent abuse of some running officials to take advantage of illiterate voters.

    B. Dissenting
    1.Suffrage is the right to vote in political elections. There is no literacy requirement for suffrage because it is believed that everyone has the right to be heard, which includes voting.

    2.The rationale is correct. Each individual must be treated equally. it is to avoid discrimination.

    3.Literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage. To prevent a person from voting because he/she had not achieved a level of education is bias and unfair.

  21. 1. Concurring opinion:
    1. the rationale for not making literacy a requirement makes every person living eligible to vote
    2. the rationale is flawed because illiterate people can be abused by the knowledgeable ones.
    3. Literacy requirement in suffrage casn make a person understand fully about voting and hence with the knowledge cannot be fooled by the powerful ones.
    1. DISSENTING OPINION

    1. Literacy is not a requirement for suffrage because, not all people in the Philippines are well educated and it is not a reason to hinder a person who wants to express his or her ideas.
    2. It is correct so that all Filipino can vote or express his/her ideas.
    3. if literacy is a requirement for voting or such, the voting numbers would be cut greatly and the votes can be utterly biased.

  22. Concurring opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.

    The rationale for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage is to exercise equal freedom to vote. Our country practice democracy, therefore, literacy should not be a hindrance for an individual who wants to exercise his freedom to vote.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    The rationale is flawed because individuals who are illiterate will surely have a tough time understanding the measures and procedures of voting a public official.

    3. Consider the proposal to require literacy for suffrage. Justify the proposal.

    Having literacy as a requirement would bring a clean and reliable election. It would also be a way of breaking the corruption of most politicians.

    Dissenting opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.

    The rationale for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage is to exercise equal freedom to vote. Our country practice democracy, therefore, literacy should not be a hindrance for an individual who wants to exercise his freedom to vote.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    The rationale is correct because individuals who are illiterate can still exercise their right to vote.

    3. Justify why literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage.

    It will violate a person’s right to vote. Every person is given equal rights and the right to suffrage is one of them. There are a lot of Filipinos who are uneducated thus preventing them from casting their votes if literacy is required.

  23. Concurring opinion:
    1.)The rationale for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage is to make every person be able to vote as long as the other requirements are met.

    2.)The rationale is flawed because people who are illiterate cannot understand the proper way to vote a public official.

    3.)Literacy requirement in suffrage casn make a person understand fully about voting and he / she cannot be fooled by others in the used for money and other stuffs. and therefore can make our country progress with a clean and order elections.

    Dissenting opinion:
    1.)The rationale for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage is to exercise equal freedom to vote. Literacy should not hinder an individual to vote.

    2.)The rationale is correct because of the fact that it recognizes the voice of all the citizens of the Philippines whether the unfortunate or the rich. Equality is present among the Filipino thus democracy reigns which is very important to Filipinos.

    3.)It may violate a person’s right to vote. Every person is given equal rights and the right to suffrage is one of them. There are a lot of Filipinos who are uneducated thus preventing them from casting their votes if literacy is required.

  24. 1. Concurring opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.
    Since the Philippines is a democratic country, civil rights must always prevail and so, we remove requirements for some freedom in order for it to be exercised.
    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    The rationale is flawed because there will always be the factor of abuse of freedom in both parties.
    3. Consider the proposal to require literacy for suffrage. Justify the proposal.
    An illiterate person voting, is like a pointer in a roulette. He or she may not know what are the implications of the platforms of the official he/she is voting for since he has no proper background of legal matters.
    Dissenting opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.
    Since the Philippines is a democratic country, civil rights must always prevail and so, we remove requirements for some freedom in order for it to be exercised.
    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    The rationale is correct because of the term democracy.
    3. Justify why literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage.
    Literacy should not be an issue in the exercise of suffrage since every person should be given a chance to voice his choice out as a Filipino and as a human being.

  25. Concurring opinion:

    1. Since the Philippines is a democratic country, civil rights must always prevail and so, we remove requirements for some freedom in order for it to be exercised.

    2. The rationale is flawed because there will always be the factor of abuse of freedom in both parties.

    3.An illiterate person voting, is like a pointer in a roulette. He or she may not know what are the implications of the platforms of the official he/she is voting for since he has no proper background of legal matters.

    Dissenting opinion:

    1.Since the Philippines is a democratic country, civil rights must always prevail and so, we remove requirements for some freedom in order for it to be exercised.

    2. The rationale is correct because of the term democracy.

    3. Literacy should not be an issue in the exercise of suffrage since every person should be given a chance to voice his choice out as a Filipino and as a human being.

  26. A. Concurring opinion

    Literacy is not a requirement for suffrage because there are so many Filipinos who are not educated but this should not keep them from exercising their rights.

    This is flawed because some of the uneducated Filipinos also don’t know the purpose of their rights for suffrage. They are ignorant, as they are illiterate, of the effects these rights have to the nation.

    Anyhow, I do not believe it’s necessary to require literacy for suffrage.

    B.Dissenting opinion

    Literacy is not a requirement for suffrage because there are so many Filipinos who n0t educated but this should not keep them from exercising their rights.

    It is correct because illiteracy does not necessarily mean ignorance. The illiterate voter is not necessarily an ignorant voter.

    One might not know how to read or write but it does not take away his sense of what is good or what is wrong; who to vote or who to not vote.

  27. EXAM 2.5: ARTICLE V
    __________________________________________________

    A. Concurring Opinion:

    Literacy is not requirement for suffrage so that everyone at the legal age has the right to vote. The illiterate are not discriminated in the exercise of their right to vote.

    The rationale is flawed because how can an illiterate man could decide whose leaders will ensure them quality service for their society. These kind of people are easily persuaded by educated yet incompetent leaders with superficial speeches.

    Literacy should be a requirement for suffrage so that citizens would decide carefully in choosing their respective leaders. Education is not expensive in achieving literacy.
    __________________________________________________

    B. Dissenting Opinion:

    Literacy is not requirement for suffrage so that everyone at the legal age has the right to vote. The illiterate are not discriminated in the exercise of their right to vote.

    The rationale is correct because everyone must have equal rights whether you are literate or not. As long as your at legal age, you have the right to vote.

    Literacy should not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage. Even if one is not literate, he/she still have reasoning for choosing and voting a person. They still have the sense of which is right and which is wrong.

  28. Concurring opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.

    Every citizen of a country that has reached the legal age of voting has a right to suffrage wether or not he/ she is literate. The right of a person to vote must not be taken form him/ her due to the simple reason of illiteracy.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    The rationale is flawed because illiterate voters do vote without considering the consequences of their actions; whether the candidate has the capability to be in charge or not. They sometimes believe in deceptive propaganda and even accept bribes.

    3. Consider the proposal to require literacy for suffrage. Justify the proposal.

    Literacy should be considered for suffrage. The people of today should be wiser than that of yesterday. They should not believe in misleading words of another Loki. They should be knowledgeable of the repercussions of their actions. In other words, the government should do something in order to educate everybody at all cost.

    Dissenting opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.

    The rationale for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage is to exercise equal freedom to vote. Our country practice democracy, therefore, literacy should not be a hindrance for an individual who wants to exercise his freedom to vote.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    The rationale is correct because it does not violate the freedom and rights of every person to vote anyone they want to without discrimination and alter ego.

    3. Justify why literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage.

    Literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage because the person have their own decision to whom they will choose to vote.

  29. Concurring Opinion

    The lack of literacy requirement for suffrage honors the right of every citizen to have freedom on voting whom he/she thinks is deserving for the position without discrimination. The main flaw is the fact that some people simly dont know who really is right choice. Lets not be ideal for a while and remember that it is really a fact that those who are literate are the more likely to determine which of the choices is a bad fruit.

    Dissenting Opinion

    The lack of literacy requirement for suffrage honors the right of every citizen to have freedom on voting whom he/she thinks is deserving for the position without discrimination. The rationale to include people even if they are not literate is still right whatever may be the flaws, because it is imposed in the law, and it is the just action as excluding them would be discrimination.

  30. Concurring opinion:
    ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage..
    ———————————————————————————
    This requirement [that a voter must know how to read and write] confuses literacy with intelligence, and learning with wisdom. A filipino does not cease to be a filipino because he is illiterate; a man pays taxes and he bleeds and he dies for his country whether he signs his name with a flourish ir with an “x”. Some of our people who are more than 21 years old are illiterates. They cannot, it is true, read newspapers or magazine but they listen to the radio; they join conversations and discussions with their neighbors at corner stores, at cockpits, and over the family wash; they know what is happening in their community and in the country. Yet they are denied the right to take part in their gov’t and to help shape their destiny.
    ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    ——————————————————————————–
    The flaw is that when the election comes those who are illiterate are accompanied by someone that will do the reading and writing for them. This is where the problem starts. Since the person voting can’t read or write others may take advantage of the situation.
    ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    3. Consider the proposal to require literacy for suffrage. Justify the proposal.
    ——————————————————————————–
    I agree with the proposal provided that the gov’t will do everything in its power to make all the filipino citizens literate. Instead of wasting the taxpayers money on useless projects they should just use it for educating those who need it.
    ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    Dissenting opinion:
    ———————————————————————————
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.
    ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    This requirement [that a voter must know how to read and write] confuses literacy with intelligence, and learning with wisdom. A filipino does not cease to be a filipino because he is illiterate; a man pays taxes and he bleeds and he dies for his country whether he signs his name with a flourish ir with an “x”. Some of our people who are more than 21 years old are illiterates. They cannot, it is true, read newspapers or magazine but they listen to the radio; they join conversations and discussions with their neighbors at corner stores, at cockpits, and over the family wash; they know what is happening in their community and in the country. Yet they are denied the right to take part in their gov’t and to help shape their destiny.
    ——————————————————————————–
    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    As what is stated above, we should not be confused between literacy and intelligence. If I remember saying correctly, it said that ” A fool may not learn something from a wise man but a there is always something that a wise man can learn from a fool”. This does not mean that the wise man is so wise that he can learn from a fool. In my opinion., it means that intelligence is not only measured by a persons educational background, awards; the way he talks,reads and write, or his/her position in our society.
    ——————————————————————————–
    3. Justify why literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage.
    ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    Every filipino has the right on the exercise of suffrage. We are in no position to deprive them from this privilege or obligation.
    ———————————————————————————

  31. wow! finally for the 1st time hindi na chop-chop ung na-submit ko ^_^

  32. Concurring opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.
    Every citizen must have the right to vote because every voice deserves to be heard

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    It is a given that some degree of understanding of the system is also necessary. Thus, there exists the citizenship and the age requirements. Literacy means being able to communicate. And the two major forms of communication are reading and writing. Usually, that’s how people learn things, although not in all cases. However, there are many other ways, and so, there’s no excuse for not finding one.

    3. Consider the proposal to require literacy for suffrage. Justify the proposal.
    A literacy requirement could be a good call for everyone to be literate. After all, if taken in itself, it does not have any bad intentions. Isn’t being literate a good thing for everyone? A person would value something more if he/she has worked and earned it. The weight of the responsibility can be felt and the person can account for the consequences of his/her actions. A literacy requirement can also mean having to work for and deserving the right to vote instead of just getting it just like that.

    Dissenting opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.
    Every citizen must have the right to vote because every voice deserves to be heard

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    Literacy is difficult to measure. There could be something wrong when a literacy requirement must be compulsory in order for people to try and be literate. Isn’t learning one of a person’s natural inclinations as a human being? If there’s a need for a literacy test in order to vote, there’s the question of in what manner will it be implemented. How can a test be made fair for every person, in a diverse country like the Philippines? A literacy requirement would exclude a number of people while others can use it to their advantage.

    3. Justify why literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage.
    If there should be a need for a literacy test, maybe “half” would be barred from participation because they happen to not have the same privilege of upbringing and education as the “other half”. And this kind of seclusion is a temptation to if not encourages biased leadership which means that only those “half” who can vote are most favored while the “other half” are disregarded. And a group of people being pushed further aside is not a good sign of social responsibility.
    There’s a quote that states, “In democracy, the people get the leaders they deserve.” A literacy test merely checks whether a person deserves the right he/she has been given. Why should there ever be a need for this check? Is it because if people who can vote can be screened, then there’s no doubt that no one would be hindering the country’s progress (because the votes from people who failed the test are not at par with the others who have “literacy”)? This, in plain and simpler words translates to: “It can’t be help that some people are inferior,” and “Everything will be perfect as long as we leave it to the “superior, higher human beings” who know what they are doing.” Now, there’s division. I think that whatever things we are trying to conceal will eventually show itself. The kind of country we have reflects the character of the people living in it. The “No literacy, property, or other substantive requirement” policy is fine because with or without imposing literacy and other requirements, the citizens make the country. The people are the country. They are inseparable because they are one.

  33. Concurring opinion:

    1-Every citizen of our country at the legal age of 18 has a right to suffrage whether he/she is illiterate or not. Literacy is not a requirement because many Filipinos have no proper education.

    2-It is flawed because education is important in making the right decisions. The decisions we make, especially in voting, is very important as it affects the country.

    3-Literacy must be required for suffrage. This is so the Filipino people can make wise decisions, thought of and not just talked into decisions. Requiring literacy may also be a motivation for the Filipinos to study. Still, the government should make steps so that all Filipinos be able to have proper education.

    Dissenting opinion:

    1-Every citizen of our country at the legal age of 18 has a right to suffrage whether he/she is illiterate or not. Literacy is not a requirement because many Filipinos have no proper education.

    2-It is correct because not everything is learned from school. People can be wise through experience. And every citizen has the right to choose. Being illiterate does not mean you don’t have an independent mind.

    3-People will just get tired of voting. Now, not all Filipinos believe in the power of their vote, especially the new voters. If literacy is imposed, some would just lose the interest in voting altogether and that is not a good thing. People have to vote. Our choices does not depend on our literacy.

  34. EXAM 2.5 – REQUIRE LITERACY FOR SUFFRAGE

    CONCURRING OPINION:

    The rationale for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage is that the persons who are illiterate are not necessarily ignorant. They may not be educated but they may have the ability to judge who to vote for.

    The rationale is flawed because the government should do efforts for all of its citizens to be at least have the ability to read and right.

    There should be a program sponsored by the government especially when the elections are near. It should be a type of program that will teach the illiterate people the basics in order for them to be able to read and write at least the understanding necessary to vote.

    DISSENTING OPINION:

    The rationale for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage is that the persons who are illiterate are not necessarily ignorant. They may not be educated but they may have the ability to judge who to vote for.

    The rationale is correct because the lack of educational attainment should not be a hindrance to exercise the right to vote.

    Illiteracy is not the fault of the people who are underprivileged to study. It may be because of poverty. There should not be a discrimination whether a person is poor or rich. Every citizen of this country has equal rights.

  35. _____________________________________________________________________________________

    EXAM 2.5
    ERWIN R. SANTOS
    3ECEA
    _____________________________________________________________________________________
    Concurring opinion:

    Literacy should not be a requirement in order for one to vote. This is to reduce bias among us. Moreover, this gives us an alternative to practice our right to vote provided that other requirements are met.

    The rationale is flawed because this may cause cheating during the elections. We all know that a large number of voters are uninformed. With them, running politicians may take advantage of their illiteracy by buying their votes.

    Literacy should be a prerequisite in voting to reduce number of vote buying. If one is knowledgeable, he/she may protect his/her own vote.

    Dissenting Opinion

    Literacy should not be a requirement in order for one to vote. This is to reduce bias among us. Moreover, this gives us an alternative to practice our right to vote provided that other requirements are met.

    The rationale is right because everyone will be given an opportunity to practice his/her right to vote.

    Literacy should not be a prerequisite in voting. This is because every one of us is given the right to vote during elections.
    _____________________________________________________________________________________

  36. A. Concurring Opinion

    Literacy should not be a requirement in order for one to vote. This is to lessen discrimination among us. Also, this gives us a chance to practice our right to vote as long as other requirements are met.

    The rationale is flawed because this may cause cheating during the elections. We all know that a large number of voters are illiterate. With them, running officials may take advantage of their illiteracy by buying their votes.

    Literacy should be a requirement in voting to lessen number of vote buying. If one is literate, he/she may protect his/her own vote.

    B. Dissenting Opinion
    Literacy should not be a requirement in order for one to vote. This is to lessen discrimination among us. Also, this gives us a chance to practice our right to vote as long as other requirements are met.

    The rationale is right because everybody will be given a chance to practice his/her right to vote.

    Literacy should not be a requirement in voting. This is because all of us are given the right to vote during elections.

  37. JUST IN THE TIME OF NICK! HAHA… OPSSS! BAWAL NA MAGPASA! HAHAHHAHA

  38. 3ECEA
    PGC – – Exam 2.5

    REQUIRE Literacy for SUFFRAGE

    A, Concurring Opinion

    Literacy as a requirement for voting is important for every citizen to exercise their right to vote. However, one need not to be literate to know who he/she wants to vote. Even without literacy, he/she has an opinion too and say of who he/she wants to be elected. Illiteracy is not a hindrance in suffrage as long as he or she meets the other requirements needed for voting as prescribed by law. There is something wrong with this as for our country especially. Many people are poor and does not have the capacity to study and still have the opportunity to vote. Sadly, some are just used by dirty polticians during elections. Because of their poverty and lack of knowledge, they give in to bribery. The proposal of including literacy for the requirements in voting is possible because it make way for better and credible election results.

    B. Dissenting opinion:

    A person need not to be literate to know who he/she wants to vote. Even without literacy, he/she has an opinion too and say of who he/she wants to be elected. This rationale for not making literacy as a requirement for suffrage is correct for it gives illiterate people exercise their right to vote. As citizens of the country, we must have equal rights and equal opportunities. Literacy should not be imposed as a requirement for suffrage. If this is permitted, it follows that many people will also lose their chance to exercise their right to vote. It is one way of discriminating them.

  39. yabang mo nikko, pwde pa nmn:p

  40. a.Concurring Opinion
    1.State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.
    Not having a formal education would not exempt a person from being governed by the elected official, so it is just that he has the right to vote for whom he wants to.
    2.Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    Illiterate people will tend to vote only those whom he knows by name, or by face, not by looking at each candidate’s credentials.
    3.Consider the proposal to require literacy to suffrage. Justify the proposal.
    Illiterates’ right to vote would have been taken away.
    b.Dissenting Opinion
    1.State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.
    Not having a formal education would not exempt a person from being governed by the elected official, so it is just that he has the right to vote for whom he wants to.
    2.Explain why the rationale is correct.
    Every human being has rights, and it would be better if each one of the people has the freedom to express their opinions.
    3.Justify why literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage.
    Literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage because it is a person’s right to vote and taking it away from him violates his right.

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