QUIZ 3: ARTICLE X (Local Government)

Write a concurring opinion and dissenting opinion for the motion.

TRANSFORM LOCAL GOVERNMENTS INTO FEDERAL GOVERNMENTS.

Article X, Section 1.

Section 1. The territorial and political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines are the provinces, cities, municipalities, and barangays. There shall be autonomous regions in Muslim Mindanao and the Cordilleras as hereinafter provided.

Article X, Section 5.

Section 5. Each local government unit shall have the power to create its own sources of revenues and to levy taxes, fees and charges subject to such guidelines and limitations as the Congress may provide, consistent with the basic policy of local autonomy. Such taxes, fees, and charges shall accrue exclusively to the local governments.

A. Concurring Opinion:
(5 points)

Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.

1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
into local governments.
2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
3. Consider the proposal to transform local governments in federal governments. Justify this proposal.

B. Dissenting Opinion:
(5 points)

Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).

1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
into local governments.
2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
3. Justify why the current political subdivisions should stay.

SUGGESTED READING:

“Local autonomy, federalism and BJE: Much Ado About Something”
Alex B. Brillantes Jr.

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46 Responses

  1. A. Concurring Opinion

    1. the rationale for political subdivisions of the republic of the Philippines into local governments is to have efficiency political stability.

    2. the rationale is flawed because not all can get equal attention from the government. some are bound to get more attention than the others.

    3, perhaps the government could change the local governments into federal governments so that if such situation where a local government need to decide something that is needed for immediate decision, they won’t have to wait for the higher ups of the government.

    B. Dissenting Opinion

    1. the rationale for political subdivisions of the republic of the Philippines into local governments is to have efficiency political stability.

    2. the rationale is correct because the government cant manage the nation as a whole, therefore dividing them into local government with their own representatives that manage them would be helpful for the government.

    3. it should stay to prevent abuse of power. its better this way that local government arent given much freedom to become abusive. This way the government can monitor them completely.

  2. A. Concurring Opinion:

    Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.
    _________________________________________

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
    into local governments.

    The rationale behind the political subdivisions in the Philippines is to provide people who belong to distant areas a body which will stand and give their thoughts to the National Government. It is also established to provide stability within a local sector.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    The rationale is flawed because not all local governments are provided with their needs by the National Government making the establishment of certain local government bodies almost useless.

    3. Consider the proposal to transform local governments in federal governments. Justify this proposal.

    The trasformation of local governments into federal governments may provide the people under such local government unit with much attention. The local government without worry of waiting for the National government’s decision may go with what may be good for their locality.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:

    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).
    __________________________________________

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
    into local governments.

    The rationale behind the political subdivisions in the Philippines is to provide people who belong to distant areas a body which will stand and give their thoughts to the National Government. It is also established to provide stability within a local sector.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    The rationale is correct because indeed the national government cannot cater to the needs of all its nations population. The local government units serve as the National government’s way to extend its services to its people specially those in distant places.

    3. Justify why the current political subdivisions should stay.

    The current subdivisions should stay because in my opinion, the Philippines is not yet ready for a number of federal governments each with their own rules. The National Government should first be stabilized and must prove its capability to handle such need before further changes in the subdivision should take place.

  3. 1. RATIONALE IS THAT…
    …the wealth of the Nation must be equitably diffused, so must political power be shared and dispersed. A shared responsibility in a localized government heightens access of the people to decision and policy-making processes, making them achieve maximum peace and order.
    2. THE RATIONALE IS FLAWED BECAUSE…
    …some regions may not be as productive or as well-governed as others. If this happens, there will be wide margins in the social status of the Filipinos. This may also encourage disunity among the citizens of the country
    3. I PROPOSE…
    …that if ever this country will be divided into local regions, they must receive equal monetary allowances from the government to perform their internal activities. They must also contribute their resources to one another to preserve unity among the citizens.
    B.
    1. RATIONALE IS THAT…
    …the unitary system has been a failure in our country. Filipinos in some regions express their frustration because they feel that their area is neglected by our central government. Local governments are made to extend our government’s services up to the most remote places in the country.
    2. THE RATIONALE IS CORRECT BECAUSE…
    …an archipelagic country like the Philippines is hard to manage as a whole. Progress in some areas as a whole, like agriculture and infrastructure are hard to attain. It is a wise choice to divide the country into local governments to maximize the potential of every region to be able to help in the progress of the country as a whole.
    3. THE CURRENT POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS SHOULD STAY BECAUSE…
    …it is a more considerable choice compared to the previous system, which is the federal unitary system. Decentralization encourages the people to unleash their creative energies to the fullest, therefore giving significant contributions to cater to the needs of the country.

  4. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
    TRANSFORM LOCAL GOVERNMENTS INTO FEDERAL GOVERNMENTS.

    A – Concurring Opinion:
    Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.

    1 – State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
    into local governments.
    The rationale for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments is for the distant places be not separated but be closer to the National Government. In addition, it also provides stability within the local sector.

    2 – Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    The rationale is flawed because; each local government will now have their own laws. And with that, confusion occurs, especially to those who are just passing by or having their vacation in other locals.

    3 – Consider the proposal to transform local governments in federal governments. Justify this proposal.
    Federal governments will have more freedom and independence. They will no longer depend on the inappropriate decisions from the higher governments which are not even compatible with the kind of place they are at. This is great for provinces who seek autonomy.

    B – Dissenting Opinion:
    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).

    1 – State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
    into local governments.
    The rationale for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments is for the distant places be not separated but be closer to the National Government. In addition, it also provides stability within the local sector.

    2 – Explain why the rationale is correct.
    The rationale is correct because, the government will no longer have the problem of reaching to the distant places because they have their local government that represents them.

    3 – Justify why the current political subdivisions should stay.
    The current political subdivisions should stay because we seem to have an improvement in this area of the government. Shifting it to federal government will destroy such improvements. It is like changing gear on a manual vehicle without stepping on the clutch. It will destroy the engine which is the government in real world.
    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

  5. sir bat ala comment na lumalabas?

  6. A. Concurring Opinion:
    (5 points)
    Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
    into local governments.
    The Administration can’t handle the whole of the country on its own. It requires local governments to handle each independent area. As circumstances on each area may be different from another, a seperate arm must handle it with its own set of officals.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    Since the Local governments still depend on the national government for its budget, and with the fact that not all localities are given proper funding, the local governments may be somewhat useless..

    3. Consider the proposal to transform local governments in federal governments. Justify this proposal.
    Having a federal government means the localities can act on their own without waiting for consent from the higher government.

    —->
    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
    into local governments.
    The Administration can’t handle the whole of the country on its own. It requires local governments to handle each independent area. As circumstances on each area may be different from another, a seperate arm must handle it with its own set of officals.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    It is correct because the National government cant handle the whole country on its own. Different areas require different needs, therefor it requires a different goverment to specialize on the area.

    3. Justify why the current political subdivisions should stay.
    In reality, a federal government does sound good, but the country is not that much ready for it. Stability for each area must first be attained before each locality can handle it.

  7. A. Concurring Opinion:
    (5 points)
    Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
    into local governments.

    The Philippines is divided into three island groups: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. These are divided into 17 regions, 81 provinces, 136 cities, 1,494 municipalities, and 41,995 barangays or barrios. It is complicated for the national government to administer all these provinces, cities, municipalities, and barangays all at the same time. Because of this, local governments units are needed. Each of them will promulgate laws, maintain peace and order, and supervise a specific province, city, or municipality, one at a time. Through this, the nation can be politically efficient and stable.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    Because the national government is divided into political subdivisions, it has depended its responsibilities and obligations to the subdivisions. We can only acquire political stability and efficiency if and only if the subdivisions are properly administered. But because of differences in locations, administrations, and population, some subdivisions malfunction that may lead to political distress and lawlessness.

    3. Consider the proposal to transform local governments in federal governments. Justify this proposal.

    The federal government has a system of separation of powers and the system of “checks and balances,” each of these branches has some authority to act on its own, some authority to regulate the other two branches, and has some of its own authority, in turn, regulated by the other branches.

    Advantages of federal government are the following:
    (1) It ensures that government remains close to the people.
    (2) It encourages development of the nation in a decentralized and regional manner and allows for unique and innovative methods for attacking social, economic and political problems.
    (3) It provides a barrier to the dominance of the majority.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    (5 points)
    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
    into local governments.

    The Philippines is divided into three island groups: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. These are divided into 17 regions, 81 provinces, 136 cities, 1,494 municipalities, and 41,995 barangays or barrios. It is complicated for the national government to administer all these provinces, cities, municipalities, and barangays all at the same time. Because of this, local governments units are needed. Each of them will promulgate laws, maintain peace and order, and supervise a specific province, city, or municipality, one at a time. Through this, the nation can be politically efficient and stable.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    It is unfeasible for the national government to administer all the provinces, cities, municipalities, and barangays all at the same time. Therefore, local government units are necessary in order to attain political stability and efficiency through the concept of “Divide and Conquer”. Divide the nation into parts and conquer them by administering them.

    3. Justify why the current political subdivisions should stay.

    Changing the political subdivisions of the Philippines is obscure. People are already used to the local government units. A change would be difficult to attain if the people are not willing to accept and give way. Even though a charter change is advantageous, we don’t have the luxury of time and money for it.

  8. A. Concurring Opinion

    The Philippines is subdivided into territorial and political subdivisions. Each has its own local government that has sufficient power within its jurisdiction. A federal government, like the United States of America, is one in which the powers of the government is divided into two: one for national affairs and one for local affairs where in the local subdivision being supreme within its own territory.
    The rationale that the country is subdivided into subdivisions alone is flawed. Each local government may be given power but such power is still under the care of the national or central government. The local government cannot fully exercise its local autonomy and development if its decisions can still be speculated by higher officials.
    If the local government is transformed into federal governments, each local group can attain its potential since they have supreme control over their jurisdiction. The country will benefit if its subdivisions are well developed.

    B. Dissenting Opinion

    The Philippines is subdivided into territorial and political subdivisions. Each has its own local government that has sufficient power within its jurisdiction. A federal government, like the United States of America, is one in which the powers of the government is divided into two: one for national affairs and one for local affairs where in the local subdivision being supreme within its own territory.
    The rationale that the country is subdivided into local governments is correct rather than federal governments. Local governments have sufficient power over its territory and therefore less power is given to its official. Less power means less chance of personal involvement to political aggression and dynasty.
    The subdivisions should stay as it is since the local governments are not well developed enough to handle its own affairs alone. A central government should still be able to look into the decisions within the local field.

  9. A. Concurring Opinion:
    Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.
    ==========================================

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.
    >The rationale for the political subdivisions into local governments makes it easier for to apply local laws and will provide stability, problems easier to handle and it provides control over local sectors.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    > The rationale is flawed first because the national government may not be able to give equal attention among them. Secondly, people also become more dependent to the government, resulting to the rejection of their own capabilities. Lastly, some local governments may not be given as much attention (for Philippines is archipelagic) as other localities resulting to slow progression.

    3. Consider the proposal to transform local governments in federal governments. Justify this proposal.
    > Federalism will speed up economic development of the country by allocating power to the regions that will now be converted into federal states. Some regions that seem invisible before may be given more attention than before.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).
    ==========================================

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.
    >The rationale for the political subdivisions into local governments makes it easier for to apply local laws and will provide stability, problems easier to handle and it provides control over local sectors.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    >The rationale is correct for subdivisions into local government makes controlling and handling of people easier. Every region may be given a chance to improve or have progression locally at the same time, help in the progression of our country. A way of the government of having the best and efficient service to the people.

    3. Justify why the current political subdivisions should stay.
    >Current political subdivisions should stay for we are not yet that stable to shift to that way. Changing the political subdivisions of the Philippines may not be easy as of now. People are used to on what we have today. It will take much time to change which should be alloted to other things. Thus it must stay.

  10. A. Concurring Opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
    into local governments.

    Its rationale is to provide a representative for each area or region for them to be able to voice out their concerns to the National Government. It will also provide stability within a local sector.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    Some Local Government units are not functioning properly. Some are due to lack of funds while others is because of mismanagement.

    3. Consider the proposal to transform local governments in federal governments. Justify this proposal.

    Federalization will be better because local government unit can decide whats best for their territory without waiting approval from the National Government.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:

    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).
    __________________________________________

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
    into local governments.

    Its rationale is to provide a representative for each area or region for them to be able to voice out their concerns to the National Government. It will also provide stability within a local sector.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    The National Government cannot attend to all the needs of each region that is why Local Government should be established to make governing easier and to have a delegation.

    3. Justify why the current political subdivisions should stay.

    I believe that the current political subdivisions should stay because the Philippines is not yet ready for a change. We must first have stability of the National Government before we make any changes.

  11. A. Concurring Opinion:

    Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.

    The reason for having political subdivisions in the Philippines is that it helps our government in relaying the services to the Filipino people thru our governors, mayors, barangay captains, kagawad etc. It also helps each political subdivision to stand on their own and excel.
    The rationale is defective because obviously, not all provinces in our country receive enough services from our government because the given fund from them is not properly used because of corruption.
    I believe that there is a need for us to transform local governments in federal governments so that each province will be served properly by its local officials. Each province will also have enough budgets because the funds are forwarded directly to the local officials (corruption will be avoided) and as a result, many projects will be supported.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:

    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).

    The reason for having political subdivisions in the Philippines is that it helps our government in relaying the services to the Filipino people thru our governors, mayors, barangay captains, kagawad etc. It also helps each political subdivision to stand on their own and excel.
    The rationale is correct because the government has full control over us, it will help us in limiting the abusive power of our local officials and ensuring a just society.
    The current political subdivision should stay because even though corruption is still prevalent, we still receive “reasonable” services from the government and I think, that’s enough for us to live in this country peacefully.

  12. A. Concurring Opinion:

    1. The rationale for the political subdivisions in the Philippines for the people who belong to different areas may cooperate and be one with the National Government.

    2. The rationale is flawed because not all divisions being treated equally by the National Government. Other divisions receive special attention from them.
    3. Under Federal governments the people will be treated equally.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:

    1. The rationale for the political subdivisions in the Philippines for the people who belong to different areas may cooperate and be one with the National Government.

    2. The rationale is correct because the subdivisions will be united among themselves and they would not always depend on the National Government. They would learn to support themselves.

    3. The current political subdivisions would stay because there are still a lot of improvements to be done and I think we are not ready to change it to federal government. Shifting to Federal will not remedy our current problems.

  13. A. Concurring Opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.
    The rationale for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines is to provide balance in the distribution of privileges, funding and also to have equality in the government services for the nation.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    The rationale is flawed because the ordinances are not the same for every municipality. With this, there is no uniformity in the local government.

    3. Consider the proposal to transform local governments in federal governments. Justify this proposal.
    It is very impractical to have a federal government here in the Philippines. First, because of the Philippines’ land area. The Philippines is too small to have a federal government. Second, because of the funds present in the government treasury. We do not have enough money to suffice the existence of this type of government.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.
    The rationale for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines is to provide balance in the distribution of privileges, funding and also to have equality in the government services for the nation.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    The division of the government is to balance political attention in locations far from the central government. This also lessens the work done by the National Government.

    3. Justify why the current political subdivisions should stay.
    The current political subdivision should stay because it is the most effective government system in our case.

  14. A. Concurring Opinion

    The rationale behind the political subdivisions in the Philippines is to provide people a body which will represent them to the National Government. It is also established to provide good leadership within local areas. The flaw to this system is the funds or the needs of the area. Sometimes its insufficient, sometimes there really isn’t any. Making it federal government might improve the service for it will be less dependent compared to political subdivisions.

    B. Dissenting Opinion

    The rationale behind the political subdivisions in the Philippines is to provide people a body which will represent them to the National Government. It is also established to provide good leadership within local areas. This is correct because the National Government can’t cater to the needs of all the local area. It would definitely need a microsystem that will help. The subdivisions should stay because the Philippines local governments are not yet that strong to be able to handle itself independently to national government.

  15. Nino, Krista Marie M.

    A. Concurring Opinion (TRANSFORM LOCAL GOVERNMENTS INTO FEDERAL GOVERNMENTS.)

    Decentralization destroys the capital city syndrome as it overcomes the psychological dependency of local areas upon the center of government. Also, many projects or activities of the local government units have been hindered by insufficiency of funds. These political subdivisions enable local government units to create its own sources and to have a just share, as determined by the law, in the national taxes.

    The rationale is flawed. Having local governments does not guarantee that each unit would function properly. With the limited power given, each unit would still rely on the national government.

    Federalism will enhance the autonomy of local governments. Some powers that originally belong to the national government can be now belong exclusively to the local depending on negotiations. Responsibilities like social services, agriculture and health may now be scrutinized and properly addressed.

    ****************
    B. Dissenting Opinion (THE CURRENT POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS SHOULD STAY)

    Decentralization destroys the capital city syndrome as it overcomes the psychological dependency of local areas upon the center of government. Also, many projects or activities of the local government units have been hindered by insufficiency of funds. These political subdivisions enable local government units to create its own sources and to have a just share, as determined by the law, in the national taxes.

    The rationale is correct. By dividing the Philippine archipelago into regions and giving each local government unit basic autonomy, the management of the country and the needs of its citizens would be handled systematically.

    The powers given to the local government is already enough to deliver basic services. Also, to transform into federalism needs preparation; a plan must be first laid out. Therefore, the current political subdivisions should stay.

  16. A. Concurring Opinion

    The rationale is to provide people a representative in the National Government.

    The flaw in the system is that the projects of the Local Government might not be successful because of the insufficient fund.

    Transforming to a Federal Government might improve the area because it lessens the dependency.

    B. Dissenting Opinion

    The rationale is to provide people a representative in the National Government.

    This is correct because the National Government can’t handle the Philippines as one. They need the Local Government to make their respective areas improve.

    It should stay because making it a Federal can take a long time. I think that Philippines is not yet ready to become a Federal.

  17. A. Concurring Opinion

    In the Philippines, Political power Dispertion provides people a common body that would represent them to the National Government. This would also establish stable and stern leadership within the locality. The flaw starts when the fundings is in mind. There are instances when there is little or insufficient funds. Transforming into federal government could deliver improvements in the divisions.

    B. Dissenting Opinion

    In the Philippines, Political power Dispertion provides people a common body that would represent them to the National Government.This would also establish stable and stern leadership within the locality. This is flawless for the National Government could not attend to the pleas of the locality. Dispersment of political legislation and local government empowerment should stay because these could aid the government in survival.

  18. A. Concurring Opinion:

    Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.

    In order to enhance the effectiveness and political solidity, political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local government is appropriate.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    The rational is flawed because not all local governments have the same level of focus. In fact, distribution of funds in these said areas are not even. For an instance, the imbalanced attention given to these districts

    3. Consider the proposal to transform local governments in federal governments. Justify this proposal.

    Transforming local governments into federal governments will help them establish independence. National government will support the federal government in order to stand for its existence and autonomy.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:

    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.

    In order to enhance the effectiveness and political solidity, political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local government is appropriate.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    Managing progressing provinces and municipalities is much easier to handle. The condition of the government is stable based on the current events.

    3. Justify why the current political subdivisions should stay.

    Political subdivisions of the Philippines should remain in our system because changing these accustomed practice may lead people in much confusion and thus make the system unproductive.

  19. A. Concurring Opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
    into local governments.

    -Local governments allow for efficient handling of affairs within the set boundaries of each one, as the administration of such governments need only focus within it’s boundaries.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    -It is flawed because such subdivisions sometimes make it easier for rebel groups to conduct their operations, using cover tactics on the local administrations, escaping national notice. Also, miscommunication can be a common occurrence between the different tiers.

    3. Consider the proposal to transform local governments in federal governments. Justify this proposal.

    -I propose that the local governments be given less independent power as when they are turned into federal governments. This ensures that it’s lifeline is still connected to the country as a whole.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    (5 points)

    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
    into local governments.

    -Local governments allow for efficient handling of affairs within the set boundaries of each one, as the administration of such governments need only focus within it’s boundaries.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    -It is correct because it allows less strain on the national government to answer the needs of every political area in the country.

    3. Justify why the current political subdivisions should stay.

    -They should stay because they help run the country a little better by being able to answer more of the concerns of the people due to a more personal scale.

  20. A. Concurring Opinion:
    (5 points)
    Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.

    The political subdivisions must be made so that problems can be seen to the smallest details and the people will be given ample attention by their own respective local government. Because it is subdivided, each division is under a higher division until it reaches the to the level of national government.
    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    It is flawed because of the very reason that it is subdivided. Problems that the local government can’t solve should be brought to the higher level of the government body. This subdivisions create a somewhat hierarchy of officials in which a government servant can’t make a major move or decide over something that is within the scope of his/her place without consulting the higher official above him does sometimes slowing down the progress for the solution of the problem.
    3. Consider the proposal to transform local governments in federal governments. Justify this proposal.
    A Federal kind of government can be proposed to change the subdivisions of the political system in the Philippines. It would enable the local government to act accordingly to the needs of their people and the national government can concentrate more on the problems of the country on a national scale. Thus lessening the burden from the President and other national officials and local governments making logical moves that is adapted to their own place and people.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    (5 points)
    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.

    The political subdivisions must be made so that problems can be seen to the smallest details and the people will be given ample attention by their own respective local government. Because it is subdivided, each division is under a higher division until it reaches the to the level of national government.
    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    Subdividing the government system distributes the job to smaller scales. It creates a sense of belonging to one country and having one race as proud Filipinos. It makes a single law for every locality. It makes the national government readily available to help the subdivisions.

    3. Justify why the current political subdivisions should stay.
    The Filipinos are not yet ready. We, as a people must be unified in a way that we called ourselves Filipinos regardless of what tradition, religion or kind of fiesta we celebrate or food we eat or language we speak. Although the federal kind of government is would be great for the Philippines considering that each isle has its own culture but we must be unified to see that for united we stand and divided we fall. The subdivisions of the Philippines prevents diunity within our people.

  21. A. Concurring Opinion

    The rationale for this is stated in the Local Government Code of 1991:
    “that the territorial and political subdivisions of the State shall enjoy genuine and meaningful local autonomy TO ENABLE THEM TO ATTAIN THEIR FULLEST DEVELOPMENT AS SELF-RELIANT COMMUNITIES AND MAKE THEM MORE EFFECTIVE PARTNERS IN THE ATTAINMENT OF NATIONAL GOALS….”

    The rationale is flawed because “public works and infrastructure projects and other facilities, programs and services funded by the National Government (NG) under the annual General Appropriations Act, other special laws, pertinent executive orders, and those wholly or partially funded from foreign sources, are not covered…”. This hinders the rationale of attaining the fullest development of each local government.

    From the LGC:
    “The capabilities of local government units, especially the municipalities and barangays, shall be enhanced by providing them with opportunities to participate actively in the implementation of national programs and projects.”
    There’s no use to making the local governments independent. They might as well consider turning local governments into federal governments.

    B. Dissenting Opinions

    The rationale for this is stated in the Local Government Code of 1991:
    “that the territorial and political subdivisions of the State shall enjoy genuine and meaningful local autonomy TO ENABLE THEM TO ATTAIN THEIR FULLEST DEVELOPMENT AS SELF-RELIANT COMMUNITIES AND MAKE THEM MORE EFFECTIVE PARTNERS IN THE ATTAINMENT OF NATIONAL GOALS….”

    The rationale is correct because from itself, the subdivisions are enabled to attain their fullest development on their OWN. Development starts from the smallest things. Moreover, it is easier to govern a territory with limited number of people. Sabi nga ng iba, kung gusto mong ayusin ang bansa mo, ayusin mo muna sarili mo.

    I think that political subdivisions should stay. It is ideally one of the best solutions to develop our country. Kung parang Marikina lang ang bawat subdibisyon sa pilipinas…hehehe.. 😀

  22. A. Concurring Opinion:

    1. Philippines is big country that has 7,107 islands. If Philippines is only monitored by one person, there would be chaos. Local Government is there to monitor each unit to have the best development needed by each area.

    2. The rationale is flawed because funds distribution is not even. Sometimes, local government officials are not efficient enough to provide the needs of their local. And before a local government official to pass his proposal, he would have to pass a very long process.

    3. The local government officials should have a shorter way to process their proposals. If their project would only affect their locality, it doesn’t have to be subject of approval by high officials because it would take time. Perhaps, the highest official in their local should be the one to approve their project.
    __________________________________________

    B. Dissenting Opinion:

    1. Philippines is big country that has 7,107 islands. If Philippines is only monitored by one person, there would be chaos. Local Government is there to monitor each unit to have the best development needed by each area.

    2. The rationale is correct because the Philippines is big and cannot be monitored by one person. The local government units serve as the National government’s representatives to provide what each locals need.

    3. Local government should stay because the national government would have a hard time giving what its citizens need.

  23. A. Concurring Opinion:
    (5 points)
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.
    The rationale for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into the local government is for them to have a voice on the National government, and for them to be closer though they are far, “locationally” speaking.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    The rationale, if overlooked and abused will cause division within one territory to another or to the national government. Laws will vary from one place to another and there might be unhealthy competition within them.

    3. Consider the proposal to transform local governments in federal governments. Justify this proposal.
    This proposal will gave way to autonomy, wherein the territory will have more independence. Rules will not much comply to the higher government. Division among neighboring territories will arise.
    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
    into local governments.
    The rationale for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into the local government is for them to have a voice on the National government, and for them to be closer though they are far, “locationally” speaking.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    The rationale is correct because it gives room to development to the local government. it will serve as training ground for the officials, to experiment, and discover ways that will uplift the status of their place.

    3. Justify why the current political subdivisions should stay.
    The current political subdivisions should stay because it maintains balance within each and every local government; because if the federal system will be applied instead of the current subdivision, unity will be diminished.

  24. TRANSFORM LOCAL GOVERNMENTS INTO FEDERAL GOVERNMENTS.

    A. Concurring Opinion:
    (5 points)

    Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political
    subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
    into local governments.

    Provinces, cities, municipalities, and barangays are political bodies corporate endowed with powers to be exercised by and through their respective local governments comformably with law. The creation of special and metropolitan political subdivisions and autonomous regions of Muslim Mindanao and for the Cordilleras by law must comply with the provisions of section 11 and 18, respectively.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    The rationale is flawed due to the emergence of autonomous region which in turn have a different kind of law. In the organic law the people can follow their own personal laws and customs which include divorce which are prohibited from other parts of the country.

    3. Consider the proposal to transform local governments in federal governments. Justify this proposal.

    I propose that the local government to be federal government. To be more independent in the legislation and execution of law. With this proposal the cultural differences of people will be canceled because there are specific law applicable to each particular region, which shall define the basic structure of government for the region.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    (5 points)

    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
    into local governments.

    Provinces, cities, municipalities, and barangays are political bodies corporate endowed with powers to be exercised by and through their respective local governments conformably with law. The creation of special and metropolitan political subdivisions and autonomous regions of Muslim Mindanao and for the Cordilleras by law must comply with the provisions of section 11 and 18, respectively.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    The rationale is correct because the nation truly divided into local governments which in turn legislate and execute law in their jurisdiction conformably with law.

    3. Justify why the current political subdivisions should stay.

    The current political subdivisions should stay because as a country we already have a smooth flow in the governing of the local government. To prevent the practice of breaking up provinces into several provinces and the merging of two or more municipalities into one,creating new cities. And prevent gerrymandering and minimize legislative action designed for the benefit of a few politicians.

  25. A. Concurring Opinion:

    The rationale for this is stated in the Local Government Code of 1991:
    “that the territorial and political subdivisions of the State shall enjoy genuine and meaningful local autonomy to enable them to attain their fullest development as a self-reliant communities and make them more effective partners in the attainment of national goals.
    The rationale is flawed because by having autonomy, the local government has control over its own citizens. It means that by dictating their own government, it can oppose the central government of the country and can result to disagreement between people.
    The transformation of local government into federal government entitles each local government and autonomous regions to its own form of government and own sovereignty. By doing this, the people in the local government are free in their governing preferences and tax preference. Thus justifying their individual freedom and democracy.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:

    The rationale is stated in the Local Government Code of 1991.
    The rationale is correct because it allows the local government to grow and become independent on their own. It develops the local government to stand alone and show freedom and democracy.
    The political subdivisions should stay because the current local governments are developing forward step by step, if not drastically. Even if it is at a slow pace, it shows that the country is progressing via the local government.

  26. A. Concurring Opinion:
    The rationale is to give people who belong to distant areas a body which will stand to the National Government. It is also instituted to grant stability within a local sector. The rationale is flawed since not all local governments are provided with their needs by the National Government, making the organization of certain local government bodies almost ineffective. The transformation of local governments into federal governments may give the people under such local government unit with much consideration. The local government without worry of waiting for the National government’s decision may go with what may be good for their locality.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    The rationale is to give people who belong to distant areas a body which will stand to the National Government. It is also instituted to grant stability within a local sector. The rationale is correct since the national government cannot accommodate the needs of all of its constituents. The local government units serve as the National government’s way to expand its services to its people particularly those in distant places. The current subdivisions should stay as the Philippines is not yet ready for a number of federal governments each with their own rules. The National Government should first be stabilized and must prove its capability to handle such need before changing its type of government.

  27. A. Concurring Opinion:
    The President being the head of state is bestowed with supreme powers. Upon abuse of these powers and privileges, the Congress is granted greater power that may be used for the motion to impeach the President. Even though the Congress is inferior in power than the President, they represent the majority of the sovereign people who holds the greatest power. The Congress is made up of the House of Representatives, consisting of 250 or more representatives, and the Senate, made up of 24 senators. One-third of the House members are required to approve the motion to impeach the President. The number of votes may or may not be in favor with the President, for there are instances in which the President is invulnerable from any impeachment complaints despite of his/her actions due to political horse trading. The Supreme Court is the highest Court in the Philippines as well as the court of last resort. It is authorized to promulgate the rules for admission to the practice of law, for legal assistance to the underprivileged, and the procedural rules to be observed in all courts. It is the final arbiter of any and all judicial issues. The Supreme Court is an impartial department of the government. It can supervise the impeachment case without any prejudice to any side. Thus, with its practice in law, could be the most appropriate to have the impeachment power.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    The President being the head of state is bestowed with supreme powers. Upon abuse of these powers and privileges, the Congress is granted greater power that may be used for the motion to impeach the President. Even though the Congress is inferior in power than the President, they represent the majority of the sovereign people who holds the greatest power. The Congress is the depiction of all the districts and sectors of Philippines, composed of the sovereign people. The sovereign people hold greater power than the President so their decisions are to be recognized. As the quintessence of this power, the Congress exercises its power to impeach the President if proved to be disreputable to rule. The impeachment power should stay in Congress for the reason that they are elected by the sovereign people to stand for them. They shall decide on the removal from office of the President for as a legislative body should settle on whether the President is still lawful or not. They shall declare the verdict of the nation whether the President should be impeached or not.

  28. wahhh para po sa quiz 4 ung 2nd post ko. sorry po sir… gomen gomen…

  29. A. Concurring Opinion

    The rationale for this is stated in the Local Government Code of 1991:
    “that the territorial and political subdivisions of the State shall enjoy genuine and meaningful local autonomy TO ENABLE THEM TO ATTAIN THEIR FULLEST DEVELOPMENT AS SELF-RELIANT COMMUNITIES AND MAKE THEM MORE EFFECTIVE PARTNERS IN THE ATTAINMENT OF NATIONAL GOALS….”

    The rationale is flawed because “public works and infrastructure projects and other facilities, programs and services funded by the National Government (NG) under the annual General Appropriations Act, other special laws, pertinent executive orders, and those wholly or partially funded from foreign sources, are not covered…”. This hinders the rationale of attaining the fullest development of each local government.

    From the LGC:
    “The capabilities of local government units, especially the municipalities and barangays, shall be enhanced by providing them with opportunities to participate actively in the implementation of national programs and projects.”
    There’s no use to making the local governments independent. They might as well consider turning local governments into federal governments.

    B. Dissenting Opinions

    The rationale for this is stated in the Local Government Code of 1991:
    “that the territorial and political subdivisions of the State shall enjoy genuine and meaningful local autonomy TO ENABLE THEM TO ATTAIN THEIR FULLEST DEVELOPMENT AS SELF-RELIANT COMMUNITIES AND MAKE THEM MORE EFFECTIVE PARTNERS IN THE ATTAINMENT OF NATIONAL GOALS….”

  30. _________________________________________________________________________________

    QUIZ 3
    ERWIN R. SANTOS
    3ECEA
    _____________________________________________________________________________________A. Concurring Opinion:

    The rationale for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments primarily is to strengthen and promote independence of action of local units undertaking common manners. And to allow maximum participation of the citizens in governmental and community activities. Allocating the power to tax to local government units, to create their own sources of revenue, to finance governmental activities for their localities.

    The rationale is flawed because the power granting to tax to local government units, to create their own sources of revenue for example loans to finance a particular project could be abused by dishonest local official.

    Congress may provide guidelines and limitations on its exercise such as prescribing the maximum rate of taxes.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:

    The rationale is to ensure their fullest development as self-reliant communities and make the people more effective partners in the search of national development and progress.

    The local government’s desire to cope with one’s problems by the use of its own resources and skills, giving them greater opportunity to govern themselves that could encourage municipal keenness and initiative for community development with a minimum of assistance from the national government.

    Political subdivisions should stay because of the importance of local solutions to local problems, wherein local residents see their local conditions everyday and realize their importance as well as the urgency of improving them. And a healthy division of labor and close cooperation between the national and the local governments result in an orderly management of both national and local affairs. For this particular reason the national government can devote more time to the truly national problems since local governments are sufficiently authorized to handle their own needs and problems.
    _____________________________________________________________________________________

  31. QUIZ 3. ARTICLE X
    _______________________________________________

    A. Concurring Opinion:

    The central government have political subdivisions, the local government, in order to have direct approach with the citizens of the country. Local governments have politicians governing their respective territory.

    The rationale is flawed because there are autonomous regions that defy or alter some rules from the central government. But the central government is still the strong command.

    I think there is a need to change from local governments to federal government so that the political subdivisions will be stronger and more competitive. And as a whole government with competitive political subdivisions, the country will also excel.
    _______________________________________________

    B. Dissenting Opinion:

    The central government have political subdivisions, the local government, in order to have direct approach with the citizens of the country. Local governments have politicians governing their respective territory.

    The rationale is correct because the central government has full control over the local governments. They will ensure satisfactory laws for each local government and eliminate corrupt local politicians.

    The current political subdivision should stay because the Philippines is a small country and doesn’t need federal-style of government. Unlike the USA that is such a large country, federal government style is easier to govern its territories.

  32. A. Concurring Opinion:
    1. It is efficient because they can manage every parts of the country..
    2 It is flawed because every part of the country is governed but not as efficient as the national government is governing..
    3. having the local government independent might be a good idea because they will not be dependent to the national government anymore.
    B. Dissenting
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
    creating subdivisions or making the local government be independent from the national government will make the stability better for the provinces away from the national government.
    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    by doing this we can manage every territory efficiently and better than waiting for the approval of the ntnl government in requests or such.
    3. Justify why the current political subdivisions should stay.
    it should stay because it is yet doing a good job

  33. A. Dissenting
    1.
    The rationale for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments is for the distant places be not separated but be closer to the National Government. In addition, it also provides stability within the local sector.
    2.
    The rationale is flawed because not all provinces/sectors in our country receive enough services and funds(especially remote areas) from our government because the collected fund from them is not properly used because of corruption.
    3.
    Federal governments will be more liberal and independent. They may seek help from the national government but they must also stand on their own, decide on their own, work on their own. This is great for provinces who seek autonomy.

    B. Dissenting

    1. Philippines is big country, it’s an archipelago, which is composed of islands. Chaos can be rooted if one one person will supervise it. Local Government is there to monitor each sector to govern and development each areas.
    2.
    Subdividing the government system distributes the job evenly. It creates a sense of belonging to one country. It makes a single law for every locality. Even if subdivided, it is easier to monitor.
    3.
    It should stay.. the Pihilippines is not ready to have a federal government because of lack of cooperation. There must be singleness in different subdivisions.

  34. A. Concurring Opinion
    1.)Philippines is subdivided into political subdivisions with respect to their territorial subdivision. Each subdivision has its own power create guidelines and limitations as the Congress may provide. This is what we call a Local Government. This is done so that the chain of command in the government as a whole is consistent. Federal Government on the other hand is where government powers are divided into two namely national and local. Their local government is in total control of their respective territory.

    2.)It is flawed because other citiess might suffer from financial crisis because of lack of industrial facilities. The national government is allocating funds for each of the towns, but sometimes it is not enough or the local official is corrupt.

    3.)The transformation will enable our other countrymen to achieve more independence and practice their culture in a more efficient way therfore making their place a lot more productive.

    B. Dissenting Opinion
    1.)The rationale for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments is for the country to be easy to manage. It is easier to manage a country when it is divided into small sectors and these sectors to be manage by small local governments. Also, this will help to maintain the efficiency of governing the country.

    2.)It is correct because the country will be easier to rule and the local government can focus more on the needs of the people.

    3.)Political subdivisions help the National Government in terms of revenues and provincial improvement. It is better to manage a country by dividing it into small sectors and indirectly governing it by assigning them to their respective local government. It also helps in monitoring the progress of each province.

  35. A.Concurring Opinion

    A separate article on local governments in the constitution is recognition of the value of the local government as viable organs for the performance of local functions. The Philippines is subdivided to provinces with local governments so that local affairs can be best regulated.

    It is flawed because the local gov’t officials might abuse the autonomy granted to them. In the current political mode in the Philippines, local officials tend to be more abusive of their power than the nat’l officials since it is only their municipalities’ people who are seeing them unlike the national officials who are being eyed by the whole nation. Local gov’t officials tend to act as if they own the whole locality.

    A federal gov’t would be fine. It would be quite a separate body from the nat’l gov’t. Each province would be like the states of the US, no longer under a corrupt national gov’t. But what’s the point? It would also result to a bigger risk of having ‘goons on suit’ roving the provinces as if they own them. More power. Much worse. But it could be agreeable provided that the federal gov’ts would serve the purp0se they’d be created f0r, that is, to focus on the development of each province(state) and its inhabitants.

    B. Dissenting Opinion

    A separate article on local governments in the constitution is recognition of the value of the local government as viable organs for the performance of local functions. The Philippines is subdivided to provinces with local governments so that local affairs can be best regulated.

    It is actually a good provision. It shows that the gov’t is concerned with the dev’t of even the farthest province fro m the capital of the country. It recognizes the needs of the Filipinos residing at the farthest side of the country.

    It definitely should stay. There are many negative effects yes but there is still some positive effects. The provinces are now hard to distinguish from the cities, a good proof of improvement. And of course there are the roads and bridges pr0jects of the local gov’ts .

  36. A. Concurring Opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.
    The rationale for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines is to provide balance in the distribution of privileges, funding and also to have equality in the government services for the nation.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    The rationale is flawed because the ordinances are not the same for every municipality. With this, there is no uniformity in the local government.

    3. Consider the proposal to transform local governments in federal governments. Justify this proposal.
    It is very impractical to have a federal government here in the Philippines. First, because of the Philippines’ land area. The Philippines is too small to have a federal government. Second, because of the funds present in the government treasury. We do not have enough money to suffice the existence of this type of government.
    B. Dissenting Opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.
    The rationale for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines is to provide balance in the distribution of privileges, funding and also to have equality in the government services for the nation.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    The division of the government is to balance political attention in locations far from the central government. This also lessens the work done by the National Government.

    3. Justify why the current political subdivisions should stay.
    The current political subdivision should stay because it is the most effective government system in our case.

  37. A. Concurring Opinion:

    1. The rational for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local government is to have efficiency and political stability.

    2. The rational is flawed because not all local governments have equal attention. Others receive more fund for their local government while others have less. The national government are focused on a few while others are left out.

    3.Transforming local governments into federal governments will help others to be able to take care of themselves because they will already have their own decisions in making these happen. The federal governments will not have to worry about being left out because it will be funded by the national government for it to be able to stand for itself. This will also be favorable for those seeking autonomy.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:

    1. The rational for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local government is to have efficiency and political stability.

    2. The rationale is correct because political stature of the Republic of the Philippines is stable. Government officials work efficiently to be able to render the best possible service for the country.

    3. The current political subdivisions should stay because it is just fine as it is. It already delivers proper service to the nation. It needs not to be disturb because it maybe unstable in the process.

  38. QUIZ 3 – TRANSFORM LOCAL GOVERNMENTS INTO FEDERAL GOVERNMENTS.

    CONCURRING OPINION:

    The rationale behind the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments is that local affairs can best be regulated by the people in the locality rather than by the central authority. The grant of local autonomy to local units is considered extremely necessary for a more efficient local government system, but still being consistent with the basic policy of local autonomy and the Philippine Constitution.

    The rational is flawed. Federal type of government might be more suitable to our local governments.

    If we are to implement a federal type of government, it might work out since a federal system will have its own laws and regulation that will best suit the people and the state. With this, a better progress will be attained.

    DISSENTING OPINION:

    The rationale behind the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments is that local affairs can best be regulated by the people in the locality rather than by the central authority. The grant of local autonomy to local units is considered extremely necessary for a more efficient local government system, but still being consistent with the basic policy of local autonomy and the Philippine Constitution.

    The rationale is correct. This type of government system is best for our nation, knowing the type of people that will handle the local government. Local autonomy regulates the extent of power of the local officials.

    The current political subdivisions should stay because it is the best option for the type of nation we have. It is on the hands of the people in the authority if they will make good use of this privilege for the progress of their people.

  39. A. Concurring Opinion:

    Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
    into local governments.

    The rationale behind the political subdivisions in the Philippines is to provide people who belong to distant areas a body which will stand and give their thoughts to the National Government. It is also established to provide stability within a local sector.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    The rationale is flawed because funds distribution is not even. Sometimes, local government officials are not efficient enough to provide the needs of their local. And before a local government official to pass his proposal, he would have to pass a very long process.

    3. Consider the proposal to transform local governments in federal governments. Justify this proposal.

    A federal gov’t would be fine. It would be quite a separate body from the nat’l gov’t. Each province would be like the states of the US, no longer under a corrupt national gov’t. But what’s the point? It would also result to a bigger risk of having ‘goons on suit’ roving the provinces as if they own them. More power. Much worse. But it could be agreeable provided that the federal gov’ts would serve the purp0se they’d be created f0r, that is, to focus on the development of each province(state) and its inhabitants.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:

    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
    into local governments.

    In order to enhance the effectiveness and political solidity, political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local government is appropriate.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    The rationale is correct because indeed the national government cannot cater to the needs of all its nations population. The local government units serve as the National government’s way to extend its services to its people specially those in distant places.

    3. Justify why the current political subdivisions should stay.

    The current political subdivisions should stay because as a country we already have a smooth flow in the governing of the local government. To prevent the practice of breaking up provinces into several provinces and the merging of two or more municipalities into one,creating new cities. And prevent gerrymandering and minimize legislative action designed for the benefit of a few politicians.

  40. A. Concurring Opinion:

    Case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.

    >>>

    Article X provides for a decentralized local government administration through the various territorial and political subdivisions such as, the autonomous regions, provinces, cities, municipalities, and barangays. This article further mandates Congress to enact a local government code for a more responsive and accountable local government structure, and an organic act for the autonomous regions in Muslim Mindanao and in the Cordilleras.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    >>>

    It may be flawed in a way that subdividing places into such will lead to dismemberment, and having an unequal implication of laws and leaders’ commands. Also, grouping will have mentality awareness that if you don’t belong in a certain group, acceptance from them will be a challenge. Another is the culture differences. We may be able to acquire traditions from where we came from and this may not be accepted in other parts or regions, so discrimination may be a problem.

    3. Consider the proposal to transform local governments in federal governments. Justify this proposal.

    >>>

    Transforming the local governments to federal government would be like the states of America, they will have their own power, their own authority and own territory. It would be good, in a way, that there would be additional leaders to guide much smaller territories but it will be bad because these additional powers may be abused.

    ********************************************************************************

    B. Dissenting Opinion:

    Case for the status quo (current state of affairs)

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.

    >>>

    Article X provides for a decentralized local government administration through the various territorial and political subdivisions such as, the autonomous regions, provinces, cities, municipalities, and barangays. This article further mandates Congress to enact a local government code for a more responsive and accountable local government structure, and an organic act for the autonomous regions in Muslim Mindanao and in the Cordilleras.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    >>>

    The formation of local government is advantageous in
    a way that it would form more responsible leaders and people to follow starting from small laws to greater national laws. Example, the simple curfews implemented in barangays, the garbage pick-up time in districts and the orderliness in municipalities, etc.

    3. Justify why the current political subdivisions should stay.

    >>>

    The current political subdivisions should stay because as I’ve said earlier, it would form more responsible people. Implementation of laws and other concerns will be easy to execute, since there is little territorial size per leader.

  41. A. Concurring Opinion

    1-The rationale for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments is for the organization and stability of the country. Distant places, for example, are not easily reached by the administration so another group of leaders are needed to help.

    2-The rationale is flawed because not all local government really serves its purpose. Some are just for show and does nothing. And sometimes this is because the national government does not give enough support to local governments. The goal is good but not fulfilled.

    3-To transform local governments into federal governments has its advantages. The local government can take action much faster because there is no need of support from the national government, making our country improves faster.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:

    1-The rationale for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments is for the organization and stability of the country. Distant places, for example, are not easily reached by the administration so another group of leaders are needed to help.

    2-The rationale is correct because the national government cannot administer to the whole country all at the same time. The progress of our country will slow down without the local government.

    3-The current political divisions should stay because the Philippines is too small of a country to divide into federal governments. The Philippines is also too young to take this step. Also, dividing the country that way will increase the possibility of separating Mindanao from Luzon and Visayas.

  42. A. Concurring Opinion:
    (5 points)
    Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.
    Local governments would make governance more centralized and unitary.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    Since the central government’s power seems to be more concentrated in the capital, there could be a deficiency when it comes to the understanding of each island. Although there could be some form of assistance, it’s hard to tell whether the things that are being offered are the things that are truly needed. To achieve unity is to understand where every party involved is coming from. Maybe it’s better for a country consisting of more than 7000 islands to distribute the governing power accordingly.

    3. Consider the proposal to transform local governments in federal governments. Justify this proposal.
    Transforming the local governments in federal governments can generate opportunities in all parts of the archipelago. There’d be fewer people who’ll find themselves displaced because there’d be fewer communities that would feel neglected and everyone can focus more on their own development. Through everyone’s hard work, there’d be a brighter future through simultaneous progress; while still being united by a central (federal) government.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    (5 points)
    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.
    Local governments would make governance more centralized and unitary.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    The Philippines need a stronger centralized government that will bind the country together (as one). Probably not all, but a number of people would agree that Filipinos respond better to a stronger government – the one that do things without hesitation and uncertainty. That way, there’s almost no room for doubt. Because it can be said, that most people living here have the character and the desire to charge forward (as reflected in the way we live). Forward means forward. It’s unacceptable for a government to not know what forward is and to not know where to go. That insecurity can easily be felt by the sovereign people. A government that can’t equal the people’s character won’t be able to catch up and is doomed to be taken down.

    3. Justify why the current political subdivisions should stay.
    At present, the whole country must first learn how to work well together rather than try to do good individually. Since the country already has exceptional geographic characteristics of being divided and diverse physically, what is needed is not further division but unity.

  43. A. Concurring Opinion:

    Our country, considering it is an archipelago, is in need of proper political subdivisions into local governments to ensure that every inhabitant of the Philippines receives proper governance and to provide safety for each individual. For us to achieve that, the participation of local governments is needed so that there would be over all peace and order in our country.

    The rational is flawed because the national government sometimes gives more attention to urban cities rather than the rural ones. In addition to that, the city ordinances are different from each other which disturb the harmonious relationship of some local governments.

    Transforming local government into federal government would give freedom especially to the Muslim community as well as to other local government want to have their own rules be implemented free from the decision of the national government.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:

    Our country, considering it is an archipelago, is in need of proper political subdivisions into local governments to ensure that every inhabitant of the Philippines receives proper governance and to provide safety for each individual. For us to achieve that, the participation of local governments is needed so that there would be over all peace and order in our country.

    The rational is correct because the national government needs the help of the local government so that it would be properly supervised and managed correctly.

    The current political subdivisions should stay because it is already tried and tested to be effective. A federal government would I think would only lead to a total separation of our country like the one proposed that Mindanao would gain its total autonomy and would lead to a unstable condition if not executed properly.

  44. a. Concurring Opinion
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.
    Subdividing the Philippines politically is necessary in order to govern it much more easily.
    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    Subdividing a territory will result to unequal attention because of different administrations governing a specific location.
    3. Consider the proposal to transform local governments in federal governments. Justify this proposal.
    Federal governments are self governing regions while local governments are unitary regions. Transforming local governments into federal governments will be a step in achieving true independence.

    b. Dissenting Opinion
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.
    Subdividing the Philippines politically is necessary in order to govern it much more easily.
    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    By different administrations, our country will also grow in various ways, therefore making it improve in different aspects.
    3. Justify why the current political subdivisions should stay.
    The current political subdivisions should stay as it is because as of now, the Philippines is not yet ready to be converted to a federal government until it has proven itself deserving of such independence.

  45. 3ECEA
    PGC – – Quiz 3

    TRANSFORM Local Governments INTO FEDERAL GOVERNMENTS

    A. Concurring Opinion

    Local governments are important instruments for the performance of local functions that can be best regulated by the people in the locality rather than by the central authority. Distant places should not be separated but be closer to the National Government. Because of the subdivisions, diversity and cultural differences arise from places to places. Especially in rural areas that are too distant from civilization. Therefore this setup of local governments is flawed because each local government will now have a tendency to deviate themselves and some may not be properly taken cared of. In addition with that, confusion occurs, dispute also starts among several localities. To alleviate this problem, advocates of federalism believe that the structure of the federal system will respond to the geographical obstacle and differences caused by cultural diversity on governance. It will allow fragmentation while at the same time promoting national interest. It is also claimed that the federal structure will accelerate the country’s development and end the internal conflicts brought about by separatist movements in Mindanao.

    B. Dissenting Opinion

    Because of the geographical setup of our country as an archipelago, there is a need to divide several areas into localities to give room for better performance of the government’s function to the society. It would be easier to reach out to far provinces and municipalities if they have a local government duly represented by their local officials. This idea is generally ideal and acceptable. Local governments may enter into interlocal cooperation in the delivery of services and performance of functions that cut across political and administrative boundaries. The government will no longer have the problem of reaching to the distant places because they have their local government that represents them. For that reason, the current political subdivisions should stay. Shifting to federal government may destroy or shatter the country and worsen our deprived situation. It may be better for now to just concentrate on immediate matters, crisis and problems that needs to be resolved

  46. QUIZ 3: ARTICLE X (Local Government)
    A. Concurring Opinion:
    (5 points)

    Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.
    ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
    into local governments.
    ————————————————————————–
    The constitution recognizes the value of local gov’t as viable organs for the performance of local functions. As local affairs can best be regulated by the people in the locality rather than by the central authority, the grant of local autonomy to local units is considered extremely necessary for a more efficient local governmant system.
    ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    ————————————————————————–
    Since the philippines is an archipelago, this system is suceptible to corruption specially in the remote areas of the country. Just like in the bodies circulatory system, if there is poor blood circulation almost all the symptoms will be noticed either on the arms or the lower extrimities. The heart mat represent the capital region while the cramping feet is somewhat similar to the far away local government units.
    ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    3. Consider the proposal to transform local governments in federal governments. Justify this proposal.
    ————————————————————————–
    The transformation of local governments into federal governments would result to a more autonomous reponse of local units to their local issues. This will be benifiacial to them.
    ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    (5 points)

    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).
    ————————————————————————–
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
    into local governments.
    ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    The constitution recognizes the value of local gov’t as viable organs for the performance of local functions. As local affairs can best be regulated by the people in the locality rather than by the central authority, the grant of local autonomy to local units is considered extremely necessary for a more efficient local governmant system.
    ————————————————————————–
    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    The rational is correct because the national government acts like a spring board for those units that cannot stand alone or on their own. When it comes to the local units that are in a better position the national government is like a support beam the will help if the need arises.
    ————————————————————————–
    3. Justify why the current political subdivisions should stay.
    ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    I am not underestimating the local units but in our current state of political system giving them such power under a federal gov’t would only cause chaos. It is better to have one national gov’t that will regulate than a federal that might increase corruption.
    ————————————————————————–

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