EXAM 2.2: ARTICLE II (Declaration of Policies and State Principles)

Write a concurring opinion and dissenting opinion for the motion.

UNITE THE CHURCH AND STATE BY LEGISLATING FAITH.

Article II, Section 6.

The separation of Church and State shall be inviolable.

This is related to Article III, Section 5. “No law shall be made respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof. The free exercise and enjoyment of religious profession and worship, without discrimination or preference, shall forever be allowed. No religious test shall be required for the exercise of civil or political rights.”

The provision calls on the Church and the State to “render unto Caesar the things that are Caesar’s and unto God the things that are God’s.”

Put another way, the Church is barred from interfering in purely political matters or temporal aspects of a person’s life. Likewise, the State is not to interfere in purely matters of religion and morals which are the exclusive concern of the other.

The difficulty is in determining the exact demarcation line between the respective domains of the Church and the State as can be seen in the contentious issue spawned by the Reproductive Health Bill.

Concurring opinion:

1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.
2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
3. Propose an amendment. Justify your proposal.

Dissenting opinion:

1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.
2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
3. Justify why the separation of Church and State should remain inviolable.

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46 Responses

  1. Concurring opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.
    The rationale of the principle of the separation of church and state is summed up in the familiar saying, “Strong fences make good neighbors.” The idea advocated by this principle is to delineate the boundaries between the two institutions and thus avoid encroachments by one against the other because of a misunderstanding of the limits of their respective exclusive jurisdictions. The demarcation line calls on the entities to “render therefore unto Caesar the things that are Caesar’s and unto God the things that are God’s.” While the State is prohibited from interfering in purely ecclesiastical affairs, the Church is likewise barred from meddling in purely secular matters.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    The rationale is flawed because the people in the State are Catholics and the people in the Church are also leaders in their own way. Even when separated, they are still doing what the other is supposed to do.

    3. Propose an amendment. Justify your proposal.
    The Church and State should unite so they can help each other in serving the people. In one case, there is already a priest sitting as a public official. the Church already meddling with the State nowadays and they are trying to help the people by arguing with the legislators about certain laws and alike.

    Dissenting opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.
    The rationale of the principle of the separation of church and state is summed up in the familiar saying, “Strong fences make good neighbors.” The idea advocated by this principle is to delineate the boundaries between the two institutions and thus avoid encroachments by one against the other because of a misunderstanding of the limits of their respective exclusive jurisdictions. The demarcation line calls on the entities to “render therefore unto Caesar the things that are Caesar’s and unto God the things that are God’s.” While the State is prohibited from interfering in purely ecclesiastical affairs, the Church is likewise barred from meddling in purely secular matters.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    The rationale is correct because having the Church and State separate from each other, it strengthens their beliefs and conflicts between the two are minimized. They can focus more on what they are supposed to focus on.

    3. Justify why the separation of Church and State should remain inviolable.
    The separation of the Church and State should remain inviolable because it makes them more reliable in what they are doing. If they were to meddle with each others work then they would always argue with each other because of their different beliefs. More arguments will lead to nowhere.

  2. Concurring opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.
    Long ago, we already knew that there are two laws which is existing in our country 1st is the Civil Law where in people are the ones responsible for creating this law, this Civil Law or commonly known as legal system means a system of law based on the Corpus Juris Civilis and this is implemented so as to nourish our relationship between each individuals to result into a better government, and we have what we called the Divine Law which all of us knows that these contains all the law which is told to us by Christ to noursh our spiritual being and these two laws has its own different fuctions just like what I have mentioned above.
    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    This rational is flawed because Civil law and Divine law sometimes interfere with one another. Just like an example in a divine law which states that “Everyone of us should be united, love and serve each other as ONE and as a COMMUNITY living and loving in the name of God our Father”. but what happens is that we classified ourselves into each categories, some are divine law believers and follows the divine law and some of us believes that in other for us to progress we must follow the Civil law or our legal system.
    3. Propose an amendment. Justify your proposal.
    Church and our government should be united in terms of running our country, we must work as a country following some certain ideas and we should work not as an individuals with different beliefs but work as a nation witnessing the values of patriotism / love for our country and love for our God.

    Dissenting opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.
    Long ago, we already knew that there are two laws which is existing in our country 1st is the Civil Law where in people are the ones responsible for creating this law, this Civil Law or commonly known as legal system means a system of law based on the Corpus Juris Civilis and this is implemented so as to nourish our relationship between each individuals to result into a better government, and we have what we called the Divine Law which all of us knows that these contains all the law which is told to us by Christ to noursh our spiritual being and these two laws has its own different fuctions just like what I have mentioned above.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    This rationale is correct since every filipino individuals are responsible enough in managing enough in following a set of rules. Filipinos are imbibed with spiritual values and at the same time responsible in following our government set of rules.

    3. Justify why the separation of Church and State should remain inviolable.
    The separation of the Church and State should remain inviolable so as to work for them as a different group but with one goal and that is to serve and protect their fellow filipino people, cause if not and they will merge with one another i dont think that there will be peace with one another since when it comes to their work, they do have different advocacy which can lead to misunderstanding by both parites.

  3. Concurring opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.
    -Government issues and religious issues are entirely different things. There are leaders intended for handling and leading the different matters. People also perform best when not bothering or be bothered by other people. The leaders and members of the Church and State are specialized in their own field and may not do well when handling other matters. This means that there may be some conflict if one interferes with the others. Therefore the separation is necessary for the Church and the State to do their duties well.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    -The people in the state are Catholics and the Catholics are also members of the state. Therefore the matters in the state are also the concern of the Church and vice versa. For their well being, their status must be maintained both in the religious and political aspect. The Church and the State may know what lacks in the other and may give advices and opinions to improve their govern.

    3. Propose an amendment. Justify your proposal.
    -The Church and the State should unite in order to improve their govern over their field. As of today, the Church is trying to get involved in the State. There is currently a priest in a position in the government who is doing well in his govern because of his ways as a priest. He applies his knowledge as a priest to handle things and so far it is doing well. This may be a step in the uniting of the Church and the State.

    Dissenting opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.
    -Government issues and religious issues are entirely different things. There are leaders intended for handling and leading the different matters. People also perform best when not bothering or be bothered by other people. The leaders and members of the Church and State are specialized in their own field and may not do well when handling other matters. This means that there may be some conflict if one interferes with the others. Therefore the separation is necessary for the Church and the State to do their duties well.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    -Interfering with others can cause a great drop in efficiency in the person’s work. Although your intention is to help them, sometimes it may cause some discomfort. This is the case for the separation of the Church and the State. Focusing on others may also decrease your own efficiency. The two should only focus on their own field and not interfere with the other/

    3. Justify why the separation of Church and State should remain inviolable.
    -The Church and the State should remain separated in order for the two to focus on their own fields. They should not be distracted by other matters and have their own work be inefficient. Although from time to time the Church and the State should give their own opinions which may be needed sometimes.

  4. Concurring Opinion:

    Government and Religion are two entirely different things. Ideals of both parties differ from each since the way the followers of each is handled is also different. Points of view of both parties also differ from each other since they look from different aspects.

    However, religion already became a big influence upon people who believe in them. Religious ideals affect the way people think, act and feel. Just like how the Shari’a Court was established to fulfill the wishes of our Muslim friends to exercise their religious laws.

    A law which supporting an establishment or religious group is indeed biased; however, religious groups must not be prevented from interfering with political matters since their ideals represent those of a portion of the people of our nation.

    Dissenting Opinion:

    Government and Religion are two entirely different things. Ideals of both parties differ from each since the way the followers of each is handled is also different. Points of view of both parties also differ from each other since they look from different aspects.

    The Philippines is a nations composed of religious and tribal groups with totally different views and beliefs. Shall the government biasedly support one of these groups, it would be greatly unjust for other groups.

    It is possible that the government may contain all the interference from each religious and tribal groups, but each group has entirely different needs from the others, and these might cause disputes for claims of favoritism. So, in order to avoid having a favorite and to clear up misunderstandings, it is safer that the government should not support any religious or tribal group.

  5. Concurring opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.
    —> The Church is barred from interfering in purely political matters or temporal aspects of a person’s life. Likewise, the State is not to interfere in purely matters of religion and morals which are the exclusive concern of the other.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    —> It is flawed because this nation consist of many religions. Each belief differs from each other so if the church will meddle w political issues confusion will arise.

    3. Propose an amendment. Justify your proposal.
    —> Maybe its better if the a new bill or law be passed a representative from the church should be present so that he can voice out his opinion.

    Dissenting opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.
    —> The Church is barred from interfering in purely political matters or temporal aspects of a person’s life. Likewise, the State is not to interfere in purely matters of religion and morals which are the exclusive concern of the other.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    —> it is correct because each person in this state is also a part of the church and the church only wants the best for its people. It will only oppose things which is bad morally

    3. Justify why the separation of Church and State should remain inviolable.
    —> It is inviolable because they should work hand in hand the government should to its work without sacrificing the beliefs of the church we should not loose who we are and what we believe in morally in order for us to progress.

  6. Concurring opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.
    With the passing of time, it has been a great issue in every nation about the powers of two distinct but influential bodies, the Government and the Church. They have always been and will always be the most influential entities in every nation since they are looked up as leaders and to whom, the nation looks for guidance.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    The rationale is flawed because the State and the Church should work hand in hand in order to provide a better ground for the people’s belief and also to strengthen bonds within the State.

    3. Propose an amendment. Justify your proposal.
    As a nation, we should work together towards a certain goal. This can be achieved by making the Government work together with the Church since the Church is the greatest moving body among Filipinos right now.
    Dissenting opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.
    With the passing of time, it has been a great issue in every nation about the powers of two distinct but influential bodies, the Government and the Church. They have always been and will always be the most influential entities in every nation since they are looked up as leaders and to whom, the nation looks for guidance.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    The rationale is correct because the Philippines is considered to be a democratic country. Since this is the case, one’s belief should not be overpowered by an organization powerful enough to influence the whole nation itself.

    3. Justify why the separation of Church and State should remain inviolable.
    We all know that the Church believes that some bills and laws passed by the Government is considered to be sinful and is not by the will of God. But, desperate times need desperate measures. At a time like this, the government should use and iron fist to run the state to promote the well-being of everyone else.

  7. A.Concurring Opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.
    >>The very rationale of these separation is to avoid their influence to each other, since they are very different from one another. The state is to not interfere with the church, as to the church will not interfere with the state.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    >>The rationale is flawed because most of the member of the state are catholic too, and some political leaders are members of the church. Having so, influence on each other can still penetrate and would be very hard to contain.

    3. Propose an amendment. Justify your proposal.
    >>The Church and the State are the two most gigantic bodies, in terms of their influence in a country. One can help the other in a lot of ways, and if united would mean bigger chances to progress. The Church can give the state a big lift and vice versa.

    B.Dissenting Opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.
    >>The very rationale of these separation is to avoid their influence to each other, since they are very different from one another. The state is to not interfere with the church, as to the church will not interfere with the state.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    >>The rationale is correct, since they are very different from one another. Through which, conflict and contradiction on some things would be lessen, and both will be more focus on their own different role in this country.

    3.. Justify why the separation of Church and State should remain inviolable.
    >>They should remain separated for both of them to be more focus on their own roles. The state should sometimes follow the measures they know, even if it is not approved by the church, in order to become more sturdy.

  8. A.
    The Church and the state are separate entities. Each has a governing body that handles matters with accordance to which has jurisdiction on the matter. Religion or the church is there to make sure that the people follow what is considered as divine laws, or laws that are created to guide one towards enlightenment. The state is the one that enforces social laws, or laws that are created to keep those under it within the boundaries of their social obligation and their freedom.

    The flaw in this is that people, especially in the Philippines, by majority are Catholics, Catholics with tremendous devotion to be exact. The One may go hand in hand in passing laws that are both beneficial to what is morally correct and what is socially correct.

    The State should be allowed to work side by side with the church. They are capable of doing so many things that can be beneficial to the country. For the instance of making a law, the state can get insights from the church so that conflicts with the people could be avoided.

    B.
    The Church and the state are separate entities. Each has a governing body that handles matters with accordance to which has jurisdiction on the matter. Religion or the church is there to make sure that the people follow what is considered as divine laws, or laws that are created to guide one towards enlightenment. The state is the one that enforces social laws, or laws that are created to keep those under it within the boundaries of their social obligation and their freedom.

    If the state and the church are to be combined, they would end up having contradicting views on how the country should be ruled. Giving the church the same power as the state would only complicate things since the church is a conservative entity, which in a way, limits what the government would be able to do for it’s people. Joining the two together would cause an overload of conservatives thus less new ideas are pushed through.

    They should remain separate because combining them would only cause conflicts in their views and the people of the country would end up suffering because of these conflicts. The time wasted on their arguments would take up what should have been the time used for deciding decisions that would benefit the people.

  9. A.
    Church and state are separated because they are two different parties which comprise the nation. One could not do his job well if the other is interfering.
    It is flawed because people of the nation have religions and these religions will be concerned if it is for the good of the people.
    The two bodies must unite because they have a common goal which is for the better of the country.
    B.
    Church and state are separated because they are two different parties which comprise the nation. One could not do his job well if the other is interfering.
    There is too much contradiction for both parties that is why it is only correct to separate them.
    They should remain separated because there are several religious sectors in the country each having their own opinion.

  10. A. Concurring Opinion

    The Church and Government are two separate entities governed by different laws, beliefs and principles. The church is concerned with religious matter. The government is concerned with the laws concerning peace and ordinance. Therefore, these two entities should never interfere with each other especially with regards to decision making.

    The rationale is flawed because I think that it would be better if the Church and Government would work together because they can bring different types of people together.

    Church and government should learn to work together for the betterment of our country. They serve different needs of the people. Thus, they would be able to produce a more progressive nation.

    B. Dissenting Opinion

    The Church and Government are two separate entities governed by different laws, beliefs and principles. The church is concerned with religious matter. The government is concerned with the laws concerning peace and ordinance. Therefore, these two entities should never interfere with each other especially with regards to decision making.

    The rationale is correct. They should not interfere with each other since they have different approach of everything. This may result to conflict between the two.

    The Church and Government should remain separated to avoid conflict with each other. Both have different approach, views and opinions in everything. Instead of arguing, have themselves productive to contribute in the betterment of our country.

  11. CONCURRING OPINION

    State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.

    The Church and the State are two entirely different bodies each having a different role to play in the society. The role of the State is to ensure as far as possible the common good of the society, the Church promoting ethical and spiritual awareness. The idea behind the separations was to prevent disputes and conflicts.

    Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    As the saying goes, “Two heads are better than one”. Although integrating these two establishments would arise confusions and conflict, such problems would be resolved finding the middle ground.

    Propose an amendment. Justify your proposal.

    A good nation is defined on how they can work in unity. Unity between the Church and the State would help promote unity within its people. I therefore propose that the Church and the State work as one. The Church should be entitled to interfere with matters concerning political matters.

    DISSENTING OPINION

    State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.

    The Church and the State are two entirely different bodies each having a different role to play in the society. The role of the State is to ensure as far as possible the common good of the society, the Church promoting ethical and spiritual awareness. The idea behind the separations was to prevent disputes and conflicts.

    Explain why the rationale is correct

    The rationale speaks for itself. Neither of the two should interfere. Unity must be prevented so to prevent misunderstanding with the limitation of the authority they handle.

    Justify why the separation of Church and State should remain inviolable.

    Separation of Church and State should remain inviolable. Doing so would preserve our rights of enjoying free exercise and enjoyment of religious profession and worship. The provision calls on the Church and the State to “render unto Caesar the things that are Caesar’s and unto God the things that are God’s.”

  12. Concurring opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.
    – There is a complete separation between the state and the church. The church should not interfere with the decisions made by the state and vice-versa. Note that the church is purely religious and that the government is purely in political issues.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    – The law is flawed because it is better if the church and the state work together. One must hear the side of the other and draw conclusions based on what they both think is best.

    3. Propose an amendment. Justify your proposal.
    – The church and the state should work together. They should hear the side of the other. Having two heads working is better than one. One side can give the moral side and one side can give the legal side thus having a better judgment on issues.

    Dissenting opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.
    – There is a complete separation between the state and the church. The church should not interfere with the decisions made by the state and vice-versa. Note that the church is purely religious and that the government is purely in political issues.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    – The law is correct. The two bodies should be separated to avoid conflicts between them. The moral side of an issue is different from the legal side of the issue. Each does contradict the other.

    3. Justify why the separation of Church and State should remain inviolable.
    – The church and the state should be separated. It will avoid conflicts between this two bodies. The church has different point of view on an issue and so thus the government. Having them separated will avoid this conflicts.

  13. Concurring opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.
    The separation of Church and State was created so that any decision regarding the nation would not be affected by religious belief. This was made so to minimize biased decisions within the law. Laws should be implemented as it is and no other influences shall interfere within the decisions of the law.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    The rationale is flawed due to the fact that Church leaders are as powerful as our government officials. Our country is a country of faith that leaders of our respective religions has great influence among our individual decisions and as such a comment of a high Church official is a comment of the whole religion as a whole.

    3. Propose an amendment. Justify your proposal.
    The Church and State should unite so that the Filipino people would have a single voice, a single decision. No boundary will be present and a greater sense of equality will be seen. The people would have less problems on distinguishing lawful and unlawful actions.

    Dissenting opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.
    The separation of Church and State was created so that any decision regarding the nation would not be affected by religious belief. This was made so to minimize biased decisions within the law. Laws should be implemented as it is and no other influences shall interfere within the decisions of the law.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    The rationale is correct due to the Church leaders having a great biased influence among the citizens of the country. All comments of church leaders are sinking in people heads and is making their decision making biased but as long as church and state are separated this matter would be of less problem.

    3. Justify why the separation of Church and State should remain inviolable.
    The separation of Church and State should remain so that the law would always look at both sides of the situation. Laws should be unbiased and strictly implemented. Laws are absolute and if comments could easily abolish the sense of these laws then the government would be useless.

  14. Concurring Opinion

    1.) As said in the quotation, “Render unto Caesar the things that are Caesar’s and unto God the things that are God’s.” The issue here is whether the Church and the State should be working together or not. The 1987 Constitution prohibits each institution to interfere with the activities of the other, because they have different functions, which does not happen at all times.

    2.) The Church and State are two different public institutions having different functions. Basically the persons who are working in the government are also members of the Church or in other words they are as well Catholics. That’s what makes the rationale flawed. A big factor of how the State works is highly influenced by the Church.

    3.) The Church and State should just work together as one so that issues will be lessened. That’s what is happening right now with the RH bill and other issues as well.

    Dissenting Opinion

    1.) As said in the quotation, “Render unto Caesar the things that are Caesar’s and unto God the things that are God’s.” The issue here is whether the Church and the State should be working together or not. The 1987 Constitution prohibits each institution to interfere with the activities of the other, because they have different functions, which does not happen at all times.

    2.) If the Church and State do not interfere with each other’s business, they can focus more on their jobs. That’s what makes the rationale correct.

    3.) The Church and State should remain to work separately so that they can mind their own businesses. This prevents the argument between each other’s beliefs.

  15. Concurring opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.

    The 1987 Constitution of the Philippines asserts that: “The separation of the Church and State shall be inviolable” (Section 5, Article II ). The thought is to define the boundaries of the two and thus avoid having a discord between the two.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    The rationale is flawed because most of the citizens of the Philippines, including the government officials, are Catholics and therefore practices the principles of the Church. In this sense, the Church and the State is not totally separated from each other.

    3. Propose an amendment. Justify your proposal.

    The two should cooperate with each other so that the State would be a well-rounded state. It will not only exhibit the principles defined by the laws of the State but will also exhibit the principles of the Church which are fundamentally humane.

    Dissenting opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.

    The 1987 Constitution of the Philippines asserts that: “The separation of the Church and State shall be inviolable” (Section 5, Article II ). The thought is to define the boundaries of the two and thus avoid having a discord between the two.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    The rationale is correct because they follow different doctrines and one is not forced to follow the doctrine of the other. Humane doctrines should not be sacrificed because of the decrees of the State.

    3. Justify why the separation of Church and State should remain inviolable.

    Separation of Church and State should remain inviolable to prevent conflicts between the two. Not all principles of the State are approved by the Church and asking them to approve of it will be like declaring a war. The same is true with the principles of the Church.

  16. Concurring opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.

    -The Church and the State are two completely contrasting bodies each having a diverse role to participate in the society. The role of the State is to guarantee as far as possible the common good of the society, the role of the Church is to encourage ethical and spiritual consciousness. The idea behind the separations was to prevent disagreement.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    -The rationale is flawed because most of people are catholic, and some political officials are members of the Roman Catholic Church too. Influence on each other can still break through and would be very tough to control.

    3. Propose an amendment. Justify your proposal.

    -Church and the state should unite and learn to work as one for the betterment of our nation. They would be able to produce a more progressive nation because they serve different roles for our society.

    Dissenting opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.

    -The Church and the State are two completely contrasting bodies each having a diverse role to participate in the society. The role of the State is to guarantee as far as possible the common good of the society, the role of the Church is to encourage ethical and spiritual consciousness. The idea behind the separations was to prevent disagreement.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    -The rationale is correct because the two bodies should be separated to avoid disagreements between them. The Church and the state contradict the other because the moral side of an issue is different from the legal side of the issue.

    3. Justify why the separation of Church and State should remain inviolable.

    -The Church and the State should stay separated in order for both of them to focus on their own fields. They should not be diverted by other matters and have their effort be ineffective.

  17. Concurring opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.

    The rationale of the principle of the separation of church and state is summed up in the familiar saying, “Strong fences make good neighbors.” The idea advocated by this principle is to delineate the boundaries between the two institutions and thus avoid encroachments by one against the other because of a misunderstanding of the limits of their respective exclusive jurisdictions. The demarcation line calls on the entities to “render therefore unto Caesar the things that are Caesar’s and unto God the things that are God’s.” While the State is prohibited from interfering in purely ecclesiastical affairs, the Church is likewise barred from meddling in purely secular matters.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    this rationale is flawed, most of the Filipinos are catholic, it is a rich culture the invaders have left us. Even the government is also from the invaders so both should work together to enrich what the Invaders have left us and make them unite so all of us can benefit from it.

    3. Propose an amendment. Justify your proposal.

    A law which supporting an establishment or religious group is indeed biased; however, religious groups must not be prevented from interfering with political matters since their ideals represent those of a portion of the people of our nation.

    Dissenting opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.

    The rationale of the principle of the separation of church and state is summed up in the familiar saying, “Strong fences make good neighbors.” The idea advocated by this principle is to delineate the boundaries between the two institutions and thus avoid encroachments by one against the other because of a misunderstanding of the limits of their respective exclusive jurisdictions. The demarcation line calls on the entities to “render therefore unto Caesar the things that are Caesar’s and unto God the things that are God’s.” While the State is prohibited from interfering in purely ecclesiastical affairs, the Church is likewise barred from meddling in purely secular matters.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    The rationale is correct because having the Church and State separate from each other, it strengthens their beliefs and conflicts between the two are minimized. They can focus more on what they are supposed to focus on.

    3. Justify why the separation of Church and State should remain inviolable

    the church has their own beliefs that came from across the seas through the centuries, the church must remain independent from the government for the government is evolving especially on the politicains, the church must still remaine cleansed from sins that the politicians can influence them.

  18. Concurring opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.
    -the separation of church and state are implemented to prevent them from interfering of each other because they are 2 different sectors.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    -it is flawed because almost all of the people of the state are Catholics and its like doing what the other is supposed to do. Also, sometimes the other lacks what is needed while the other knows what is best for for the country.

    3. Propose an amendment. Justify your proposal.
    – i think the two should work together so that everyone will be united and will be equal in expressing each and everyone’s opinion.

    Dissenting opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.
    -the separation of church and state are implemented to prevent them from interfering of each other because they are 2 different sectors.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    -it is correct because they are 2 different sectors and have different opinions thus avoid conflicts on both sides..

    3. Justify why the separation of Church and State should remain inviolable.
    -they should remain separated so that there will be no conflicts and they can concentrate more on their jobs.

  19. Concurring opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.
    The rationale of the separation of the two is that these two runs under two different beliefs and functions. One follows the Civil law and one follows God’s Divine Law. Having different laws makes up the different beliefs of each other, thus completely and clearly stating that they are too different with each other implying that they have different ways in implementing these said beliefs and functions.
    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    It is flawed because the presence of Catholics in the Government and the presence of acting “Leaders” in the church states that even f they differ themselves with one another, they still have similarities they cannot disregard.
    3. Propose an amendment. Justify your proposal.
    The Church and State should unite to help each other in aiding the needs of the citizens and do their part as well. Joining forces will result in a much more effective system in which both the church and the state work together in serving the people.
    Dissenting opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.
    The rationale of the separation of the two is that these two runs under two different beliefs and functions. One follows the Civil law and one follows God’s Divine Law. Having different laws makes up the different beliefs of each other, thus completely and clearly stating that they are too different with each other implying that they have different ways in implementing these said beliefs and functions.
    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    The rationale is correct because having the Church and State separate from each other, lessens conflict between the two. It also gives them more time to be more focused to their own beliefs, minimizing arguments among the two.
    3. Justify why the separation of Church and State should remain inviolable.
    Making the separation inviolable will make the Church and the State is more effective because their focus remains on their own beliefs. With this, they can easily tend to the needs of the citizens through their own ways without the interference of the other.

  20. Concurring opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.
    -The Church and State are separated because some ideals contrast in opinion when it comes to considering what is just for both parties.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    -The rationale is flawed because religion cannot be taken away in just a snap. Religion has already been integrated into our personalities. The same goes for our political leaders. This would mean that separating the two parties would bring confusion to our political leaders. This may affect their performance in upholding justice.

    3. Propose an amendment. Justify your proposal.
    -The Church and State should be united. This means that both parties should compromise especially on very serious matters for both or either parties. This can only optimize the critical thinking skills of both parties if they are willing to compromise.

    Dissenting opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.
    -The Church and State are separated because some ideals contrast in opinion when it comes to considering what is just for both parties.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    -Separation of the Church and the State is correct because it minimizes the confusion in their decision making. One party might interfere with the other even though the method of that party is effective. This is exactly to prevent the interference of one party from delaying or, if not, halt the steps being taken by that party.

    3. Justify why the separation of Church and State should remain inviolable.
    -The separation of the Church and the State is inviolable because less time is wasted in arguing their opinions about a certain issue when separated compared to when they are united. Their opinions will clash and instead of thinking of a solution, they end up trying to convince each other who’s right.

  21. Concurring opinion:

    There is a complete separation between the state and the church. The church should not interfere with the decisions made by the state and vice-versa.

    The law is flawed because it is better if the church and the state work together. Because most of the time their separation brings many debates about their conflicting ideas.

    The Church and the state should have representatives hearing each other’s sides and instead of arguing about differences, make amendments that will be agreed by both parties. This will make a government with a virtuous guide and a church with liberal touch.

    Dissenting opinion:

    There is a complete separation between the state and the church. The church should not interfere with the decisions made by the state and vice-versa.

    There is a separation because there is a major difference. Their difference in beliefs makes one evil to one another. Putting them together may make sense at some situations but may make more trouble for the other case,

    If they are put together, they may be too powerful that they can control the people and abuse their powers. And besides the religion in our country varies, their separation prevents bias and conflicts about religion.

  22. Concurring opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.
    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    3. Propose an amendment. Justify your proposal.

    The purpose of the Separation of Church and State is to define how much influence has over the other. This is done in order for both not to interfere with matters that do not concern the other. Since both are very influential bodies, this separation of power is necessary

    This rationale is flawed because the peoples are governed by laws and their beliefs. People live in such a way that the laws they follow must not contradict with what they believe. If the Church and State work closely with each other, this conflict would not arise.

    The Church and the State should work more closely together. Today there are many conflicts between laws of the government and laws of the church. In order to avoid this there must be some influence between one another, although it should only be limited.

    Dissenting opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.
    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    3. Justify why the separation of Church and State should remain inviolable.

    The purpose of the Separation of Church and State is to define how much influence has over the other. This is done in order for both not to interfere with matters that do not concern the other. Since both are very influential bodies, this separation of power is necessary

    It is only proper that there be separation of Church and State. That is because laws deal with clearly defined matters where as religion is not as clear and deals with the belief system of people. The separation of church and state ensures that one faction fulfills its purpose without the interference of the other, basically unrelated faction.

    In a country, there can be many religions and therefore many different belief systems. If the separation of Church and State did not exist, conflict would arise wherein a government forces its belief upon people of various different beliefs.

  23. A. Concurring Opinion

    The church and the state are two bodies that are very different from each other. The state is concerned with the implementation of the law. It claims a monopoly on the legitimate use of physical force within a given territory. While the church is a religious constitution that mainly focuses on the ethical and spiritual life of the people.

    It is flawed for the two entities cannot actually work without the other. In our cultural inculcation our decisions should always be based on what is ethical or right for us and for others as well. Decisions upon some important matters in our country will be solved easier and better.

    The church and the state should hear each others side in making decisions. They may not totally intertwine but at least hear each others opinion. I believe that decisions are at its best when they are made with accordance with the law of the state and the law of the church.

    B. Dissenting Opinion

    The church and the state are two bodies that are very different from each other. The state is concerned with the implementation of the law. It claims a monopoly on the legitimate use of physical force within a given territory. While the church is a religious constitution that mainly focuses on the ethical and spiritual life of the people.

    The rationale is correct for the two bodies are really very different. They have different principles. If they are connected to each other there might be friction.

    It should stay as different bodies not related to each other to avoid conflict with the principles of the state and the church. The laws of the church should not be compromised for the laws of the state and vice versa.

  24. A. concurring

    The separation of the Church and the state is based upon the freedom of religion.
    The rationale is flawed because the Church influences the decisions of the state, for example the Rh bill and the people power revolution. I believe that church has its obligation within the state.

    B. Dissenting
    The separation of the Church and the state is based upon the freedom of religion.
    The rationale is correct. The church must focus on their religious activity. Two different sectors have different goals. Church must not involve the state governance, because they must enlighten people.
    I believe that the involvement of the church in the state decision will crash out our country.

  25. Concurring opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.

    the Church and the State is seperated because if one is to do its job, it must be free from any kind influence. if the Church and the State is not seperated then there will be conflict of interests in both bodies.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    the rationale is flawed because as we all know the Philippines is a god-fearing nation and has a very strong religious belief and yet we are also a law-abiding people. there are things that we should abide in accordance with the law but the Church doesn’t approve and there also what the Church wants but the State raises an eyebrow. this where the conflict comes. torn between two masters.

    3. Propose an amendment. Justify your proposal.

    there should be a body/council or an independent group that can settle which-is-which in implementing ideas or suggestions for the people which is in accordence to both the Church and the State.

    Dissenting opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.

    the Church and the State is seperated because if one is to do its job, it must be free from any kind influence. if the Church and the State is not seperated then there will be conflict of interests in both bodies.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    it is correct because the State and the Church has its own way of “governing” the people. if they are seperated then they can freely dissiminate and spread there rules/ideas.

    3. Justify why the separation of Church and State should remain inviolable

    it should remain seperated becuase it is just the way things shoulwhich they must respect.
    d be. these two have their own opinions, ideas and beliefs

  26. Concurring opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.

    Science can never be in tandem with religion. Science go with the facts while religion with faith. Government and the Church are the two most influential bodies in the country but they can never be united to understand each other. Each of them has his own limitations and jurisdiction. The Government imposes laws that may violate the church laws. There are also church laws that may interfere with the government solution in solving state problems.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    The rationale is flawed because it separates the country in two different law bodies. The people may be confused on who they will side with. Government leader and church leaders are both imposing laws that may interfere with each other.

    3. Propose an amendment. Justify your proposal.

    The church and the state government must unite and understand each other for a better leadership in the country. Political science and religion may not be fully united but the leaders of both bodies may work with one another without violating any laws run by either of the two.

    Dissenting opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.

    Science can never be in tandem with religion. Science go with the facts while religion with faith. Government and the Church are the two most influential bodies in the country but they can never be united to understand each other. Each of them has his own limitations and jurisdiction. The Government imposes laws that may violate the church laws. There are also church laws that may interfere with the government solution in solving state problems.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    The rationale is correct because uniting the two most influential bodies in the country may lead in a more chaotic misunderstanding. And example is the RH Bill. It may be a solution for the ballooning of the population of the country but it violates the church law.

    3. Justify why the separation of Church and State should remain inviolable.

    It should remain inviolable to avoid great misunderstandings and division of the country. The one should be independent of the other so that they may do their respective work more efficiently when no opposing body is interfering any of their solution to state problems. It is up to the people to whom they are going to side with when talking about certain issues.

  27. Concurring opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.

    – The State respects and acknowledges the laws of the Church and the same token the Church does the same with the State.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    – It is flawed because some of the law of the government are agianst the law of the church and the people who were under the government are also members of the church.

    3. Propose an amendment. Justify your proposal.

    – It would be better if the Church and Government would work together because they can bring different types of people together.

    Dissenting opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.

    – The State respects and acknowledges the laws of the Church and the same token the Church does the same with the State.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    – It is correct because the Church and the State are different from each other. The church teaches moral and the state give justice to us.

    3. Justify why the separation of Church and State should remain inviolable.

    – Because the two have their own opinions, ideas and beliefs. They were separated because they are both respect each other’s beliefs.

  28. Concurring opinion:

    The separation of the Church and State, the two stronghold of our country is necessary and inevitable. It is to avoid conflicts between the two given that the constitution gave the provision for the Church to freely exercise their practices and beliefs. The ideals of the two are entirely different but with a common goal which of course for the betterment of our country.

    The rationale is flawed because more often the church interferes with the proposed law which is believed to be beneficial for the Filipinos. There are also many religious sectors here in the Philippines so it sometimes brings confusion.

    Unifying the two could result in a tremendous change in terms of political and moral issues we are facing. By working together, we can achieve a more productive country which we all we want to be.

    Dissenting opinion:

    The separation of the Church and State, the two stronghold of our country is necessary and inevitable. It is to avoid conflicts between the two given that the constitution gave the provision for the Church to freely exercise their practices and beliefs. The ideals of the two are entirely different but with a common goal which of course for the betterment of our country.

    What makes the rationale is correct is that to lessen the conflict and interference between the two.
    .
    Figuratively speaking, it is like combining water with oil. The separation of Church and State should remain inviolable, because misunderstanding reduces our capability of being productive. The State should remain independent to prevent any prejudiced decision which will cause several debates that would divert our attention thus, making our progress a slower one.

  29. Concurring opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.

    -The separation of church and state was implemented based on the past history of the clash of interests that usually erupted whenever these two entities intersected on one issue.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    -The rationale is flawed because the church and state still find ways to interfere with each other’s business, such as religious leaders endorsing political candidates.

    3. Propose an amendment. Justify your proposal.

    -I propose that the line of separation of the church and state be more clearly defined as to what can or can’t be done. This is to ensure that no misunderstandings or exploitations may arise when the two entities intersect.

    Dissenting opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.

    -The separation of church and state was implemented based on the past history of the clash of interests that usually erupted whenever these two entities intersected on one issue.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    -It is correct because there should be a clear separation of church and state as to avoid the clash of different values each entity possesses.

    3. Justify why the separation of Church and State should remain inviolable.

    -It should remain inviolable because as history clearly showed, the clash of ideals that happens when these two entities come together usually results in chaos in the administration, as both govern different sides of society, providing confusion.

  30. ai, maling section, waha.

  31. A. Concurring Opinion

    The rationale behind this provision is that the issues that are concerning the State is way to different from the issues that are concerning the Church.

    This rationale is flawed because sometimes the decision made by the State is against the beliefs of the Church causing conflicts between the two.

    I recommend that there should be limitations to which the Church may interfere with the State where they can speak up to what they have to say for the decision the State is to implement but then, the State still have the final decision.

    B. Dissenting Opinion

    The rationale behind this provision is that the issues that are concerning the State is way to different from the issues that are concerning the Church.

    The rationale is correct since they are way too different from each other. Is is best that they stay separated. The Church should not interfere with the State and the State should not interfere with the Church. It would be very hard for everyone if we try to unite the Church and State. There will a lot of conflicts between the two, in terms of beliefs and decisions.

  32. A. Concurring Opinion

    Government and religious issues are two entirely different things. Government issues leads to in handling the economy and the welfare of the people. Religious matters fall upon the spiritual growth of an individual. They perform at their own field and must not interfere with each other as one knows his job and not the other. They must not allow their duties interfere with the duty of the other as it provides conflict between the two.

    The rationale is flawed because, religious individuals also possess the same power that of the political officers. They both believe that their power must be considered and followed.

    The Church and State must be united as it would provide a better decision for the nation. The leader that would possess both the support of the Church and the state could help the nation grow in terms of spiritual growth and economic growth.

    B. Dissenting Opinion

    The separation of the Church and State was done to prevent interference from each other. Any decision done or chosen by one side would be solely for that matter and not be affected by the other. Laws are created to be implemented and they are created not to be interfered.

    The rationale is correct because religious figures or the Church is a very influential element in the Philippine nation. The church also provides a great biased influence to the individuals in the government and the masses.

    The separation of the church and the state should and forever be separated. We are a Christian country but we must not allow decisions that would cause biases and favors to one side. Laws are created to be absolute and not to be interfered.

  33. A. Concurring Opinion:

    The Church and the State are separate to avoid conflicts due to the clash of interests. The Church focuses on the good and right for every person, while the state focuses for the betterment of the nation, in which the end justifies the mean.

    The rationale is flawed because sometimes due to the separation of the two, there are some decisions made by the government that are against the faith of the citizens. Some decisions of the state only look at the outcome without considering the mean of achieving this outcome, thus creating conflict between the church and the state.

    It is better if the church and the state work together. The State should consider first the interest of the church before making any decisions to avoid conflict, thus making a more harmonious nation.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:

    The Church and the State are separate to avoid conflicts due to the clash of interests. The Church focuses on the good and right for every person, while the state focuses for the betterment of the nation, in which the end justifies the mean.

    The rationale is correct because the state and the church are two different things, they should be independent of one another. The decisions of the state shouldn’t be influenced by the church.

    The separation of Church and State should remain inviolable, to reduce conflicts among the two, with this the two could do their work efficiently without the interference of the other. When there are conflicts between the two, they should just let the people decide whom to take sides to.

  34. Concurring opinion:

    1.State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.
    >The Church and the state are entirely separate bodies. The Church must not interfere on political matters or temporal aspects of a person’s life. Similarly, the State must also not interfere in matters of religion. Thus, both entities have different powers that must not intervene with each other. Separation of the church and state is necessary to avoid disagreements.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    >The rationale is flawed for the state and the church cannot avoid to interfere with each other. Gawad Kalinga or the GK777 which is a church-based program is best known for their charity works, but some political issues arise regarding the situation. Some officials use the said project, donating huge amount of money for publicity and own purpose. Thus, the state just using the church for own sake. Another is, each entity is keep on commenting on each other, CBCP, Reproductive Health Bill, Governor Panlilio of Pampanga and other issues.

    3.Propose an amendment. Justify your proposal.
    >They must work with each other for they share a common goal, the betterment of the country and the society. Besides, most officials are Catholics so they cannot deny that religion may be a factor in their decision making. Likewise, the Church which stands for good cannot let evil things run down the country. They cannot just let the government continue, if they are already seeing malicious acts. Thus, if they work with each other, there will be lesser conflicts, and goals are easier to attain.

    B. Dissenting opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.
    >The Church and the state are entirely separate bodies. The Church must not interfere on political matters or temporal aspects of a person’s life. Similarly, the State must also not interfere in matters of religion. Thus, both entities have different powers that must not intervene with each other. Separation of the church and state is necessary to avoid disagreements.

    2.Explain why the rationale is correct.
    >The rationale is correct, for the State and Church are entirely different from one another. Through their separation, disagreements may be lessen because neither one of them has the right to intervene with each other. And lastly, each entity will be more concentrated on their specific roles on the society.

    3. Justify why the separation of Church and State should remain inviolable.
    >They should remain separate for it has some advantages. First, is that conflicts are much lessened because none will try to arbitrate their decisions or plans. Secondly, goals of each entity will be easier to achieve. Thus, producing a more progressive nation.

  35. Concurring opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.
    -The rationale is simple. it seperates the Church from the State, the church should not mingle with the state’s decision. The state should not hinder any movements of the church not unless laws would be violated with the church’s actions.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    -It is very flawed. Flawed because being a catholic country, the Church and the State would be hard to seperate for most of the people who lead the State are people of the Church. Then this section is just a writing, never been put into action, never have, never will.

    3. Propose an amendment. Justify your proposal.
    -The Church and the State should not be seperated, rather both must have a say in governing the country, for the people under the State is first the people of God, the people is the Church.

    Dissenting opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.

    -The rationale is simple. it seperates the Church from the State, the church should not mingle with the state’s decision. The state should not hinder any movements of the church not unless laws would be violated with the church’s actions.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    -The rationale is correct because Political views and Church’s view differs and usually opposite. Therefore decisions of the State must be independent of the Church’s, vice versa.

    3. Justify why the separation of Church and State should remain inviolable.
    -The seperation of the Church and State must stay because it remains balance between the Political and Religous decisions. It helps limits the power of the State and power of the Church to an extent, which may cause abuse of the power vested upon them.

  36. Concurring Opinion
    1.) The Church and the State must never interfere to one another because they have a different views and ways in dealing with legal and religious actions.
    2.) The members of the state are also Christians meaning they are also member of the Church. All the actions done by the Church or the State will reflect on each other that’s why this rationale is illogical.
    3.) The Church and State should work together as one so that problems regarding them working together will be lessened.
    Dissenting Opinion
    1.) The Church and the State must never interfere to one another because they have a different views and ways in dealing with legal and religious actions.
    2.) If the Church and State do not interfere with each other’s business, they can do what they ought to do.
    3.) Minding its’ own business will greatly help the country. This prevents the disagreement between each other’s viewpoint.

  37. Concurring opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.
    The Church ans State are separated to define the boundaries between the two institutions and avoid arguments by one against the other because of a misunderstanding of the limits of their respective jurisdictions.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    It is flawed because as seen nowadays, the Church influence the State and vice-versa. They still affect each others’ decision. Boundaries are being crossed and outcomes are being intersected by the two.

    3. Propose an amendment. Justify your proposal.
    Both the Church and the State have the best concern for the people and it will not hurt if they are to join together for the betterment of the country. They should not clash with their ideas but instead use them to resolve conflicts and bring peace to each and everyone.
    Dissenting opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.
    The Church ans State are separated to define the boundaries between the two institutions and avoid arguments by one against the other because of a misunderstanding of the limits of their respective jurisdictions.
    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    The rationale is correct because the Church has different approach when it comes to making decisions. They based what they do and how they do it to the sole reason that it should be pleasing in the eyes of God. The State, on the contrary, tries to be more objective in focusing on the problems at hand and never minding if it is moral or not.

    3. Justify why the separation of Church and State should remain inviolable.
    It should remain inviolable because the Church is the one who protects the people from being stripped off with their morality. The Church reminds the people that there is a Supreme Being watching each and everyone of us and we should consider every act that we do, every word that we say and every thought that we think of. The State merely wants peace for the people and to make laws and implement them. The two have a different role for the people and its distinction from one another should be preserved.

  38. Unite the Church and State by Legislating Faith.

    A. Concurring Opinion:

    According to Article II section 6 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution, the separation of Church and State shall be inviolable. The church is assumed as the faith professed by any citizen.

    The rationale is flawed. There are situations that the separation of the church and the state is breached. An example is the optional religious instruction in public schools as prescribed in article XIV Sec 3[3]. Though the two bodies are separated, the state still violated the principle. The constitution allowed religion to be mandate though the purpose is no to benefit a certain religion but to instil the importance of values education to the children.

    Both the church and the state are governing entities that aim for the welfare of the citizens. It is just fitting to unite the two in legislation so that they can serve in harmony for the development of the people.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:

    According to Article II section 6 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution, the separation of Church and State shall be inviolable. The church is assumed as the faith professed by any citizen.

    The rationale is correct. This concept basically means that religion is not allowed to interfere with matters of politics and that the state. The two (religion and state) are different bodies that govern different areas of man’s life. They meddle with two different ideas therefore it is just appropriate to separate their functions.

    The state should not have an official religion though a majority may practice the same religion. It cannot setup a church because any person has a right to profess his belief or disbelief to any religion. However, if the state legislate faith, any person professing hostility towards the religion would be subject to punishment and this is no lawful.

  39. Concurring opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.

    The Church and Government is to be separated because of the fact that they also lead separated matters which are religion and laws in the same manner you also need different individuals in leading different factions so as to get the best results from specialist in this case.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    It is flawed because of the fact that its members are not separated rather they are the same in which sometime they contradict each others beliefs thus also separating the citizens which must not happen.

    3. Propose an amendment. Justify your proposal.

    The Church and State must be able to unite and bring forth a new means of leading the people in both religion and laws from which all the citizens will benefit.

    Dissenting opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.

    The Church and Government is to be separated because of the fact that they also lead separated matters which are religion and laws in the same manner you also need different individuals in leading different factions so as to get the best results from specialist in this case.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    Because they both believe in something different it will cause some problems in which may cause the citizens to lead a troublesome life and also instead of gaining efficiency it would rather be less efficient in many ways because they both believe in different things.

    3. Justify why the separation of Church and State should remain inviolable.

    The state and church must remain separate so as for them to focus on their own field of specialty for the good of all and so as not to contradict each other in governing the citizens.

  40. Concurring opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.
    – The separation of Church and State is a political and legal doctrine that government and religious institutions are to be kept separate and independent from each other. John Locke, in his principle of the social contract, argued that the government lacked authority in the realm of individual conscience, as this was something rational . Thus, people could not cede to the government for it or others to control. For Locke, this created a natural right in the liberty of conscience, which he argued must therefore remain protected from any government authority. Legally, it dates back to the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution, where Thomas Jefferson penned the phrase, “wall of separation” in his letter to the Danbury Baptists. The concept has been adopted in most countries, to varying degrees depending on the applicable political and administrative structures and the prevalent views on religion’s role in the society.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    – The rationale is fatally flawed for a country like the Philippines, where religious leaders are respected and viewed with much respect. Historically, religion, particularly the Roman Catholic Church, has played a huge role in Philippine society. This did not change much with the passage of time; up until now, the voice of the Church is respected when it comes to political matters. Attempts in denying the Church’s role in our politics would all be futile.

    3. Propose an amendment. Justify your proposal.
    – As a nation, working together towards a common goal is of the essence. There should be a degree of involvement of the Church in politics, especially when the issue at hand is within the domain of Church doctrines, like the controversial RH bill. In cases such as this, it would be rational to have an adviser for religious affairs within the branches of the government. This amendment would guarantee a better working relationship within the Church and State.

    Dissenting opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.
    – The separation of Church and State is a political and legal doctrine that government and religious institutions are to be kept separate and independent from each other. John Locke, in his principle of the social contract, argued that the government lacked authority in the realm of individual conscience, as this was something rational . Thus, people could not cede to the government for it or others to control. For Locke, this created a natural right in the liberty of conscience, which he argued must therefore remain protected from any government authority. Legally, it dates back to the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution, where Thomas Jefferson penned the phrase, “wall of separation” in his letter to the Danbury Baptists. The concept has been adopted in most countries, to varying degrees depending on the applicable political and administrative structures and the prevalent views on religion’s role in the society.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    – It is ratonal for the Church and State to be separated, as all people have an inborn right of liberty of conscience. As Thomas Jefferson opined, religion is a matter solely between Man & God, and that he owes account to none other for his faith or worship, and that legitimate powers of the government reach only actions and not opinions. Therefore, the legislature should “make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof”.

    3. Justify why the separation of Church and State should remain inviolable.
    – The separation of the Church and State is essential to our democracy, and should thus be inviolable. According to James Madison, practical distinction between Religion and Civil Government is essential to the purity of both, and that the entities can only flourish in the absence of interference from the other.

  41. 1. RATIONALE IS THAT…
    … because this is a free country, the Church and State is separated because these are two different things. It is also right to add that not every law is necessarily made for the good of people. And not every doctrine of the Church is necessarily applicable to the law. The two stand by their own principles, it should be separated.
    2. THE RATIONALE IS FLAWED BECAUSE…
    … this is one of the main reasons why this country lacks unity. Some religions may not coincide with the main religion which is Catholicism. There are also disputes against the Church and the government. And, since religion has great effect on the people, some laws with cases on morality and debates remain hanging between the liberals and conservatives in the congress.
    3. I PROPOSE…
    … that the Church and State should remain separated. First, their purpose are very different from one another. Second, the Philippines is a free country, people should have a choice, whether it be in religion, politics, moral issues, etc., besides, no one could ever pursue a person what to believe in.
    B.
    1. RATIONALE IS THAT…
    … because this is a free country, the Church and State is separated because these are two different things. It is also right to add that not every law is necessarily made for the good of people. And not every doctrine of the Church is necessarily applicable to the law. The two stand by their own principles, it should be separated.
    2. THE RATIONALE IS CORRECT BECAUSE…
    … as what have been discussed, these are two different entities, religion and politics. They have different beliefs and purpose, therefore it cannot be treated as one. Another reason is that the people of this country are free. They should have the right to choose what to believe in.
    3. THE SEPARATION OF THE CHURCH AND STATE SHOULD REMAIN INVIOLABLE…
    … The Church and State should remain separated from one another because they are two different entities. And enforcing which religion should be followed in this country violates the freedom of its citizens

  42. Concurring opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.
    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    3. Propose an amendment. Justify your proposal.

    “No law shall be made respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof. The free exercise and enjoyment of religious profession and worship, without discrimination or preference, shall forever be allowed. No religious test shall be required for the exercise of civil or political rights.”
    This means that the Church is independent from the State (government).

    Faith should be legislated because majority of the Filipinos have one religion which is Roman Catholic. The Church should be one with the government because they also know what is the common good for the people.

    The should the power to exercise in alteration of the decision of the government like the judicial department.

    Dissenting opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.
    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    3. Justify why the separation of Church and State should remain inviolable.

    “No law shall be made respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof. The free exercise and enjoyment of religious profession and worship, without discrimination or preference, shall forever be allowed. No religious test shall be required for the exercise of civil or political rights.”
    This means that the Church is independent from the State (government).

    The State and the Church should be remain separated. Even that the Roman Catholics dominates the country, It is not right to prevent a free exercise of religion. We as people have the “right” to chose what is good. It is not right to force others into one religion. we only have to respect each other.

    This separation is good in terms of decision making. This makes the government not pressured by the Church. Remember all the government want is to regulate and do what is the common good for the nation even though it is not always incline to what the Church is preaching.

  43. 1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.

    >> The rationale of the separation of the Church and the state is to make them independent of each other. It avoids influence and interference to each other. The state is shall not interfere with the church, as to the church shall not interfere with the state. Each shall not influence the other to avoid conflict and to respect their independence.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    >> It is flawed because most of the authorities or government officials are also active members of the Church. Their decisions and principles may still be affected by the Church. In this way, there is still indirect penetration of the Church to the State.

    3. Propose an amendment. Justify your proposal.

    >> In terms of influence, the Church and the State are the two most powerful bodies of the country. Since both have a big influence to their respective members, it would be better if they would unite with the same goal. They can help each other towards achieving country’s progess.

    B.Dissenting Opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.

    >> The rationale of the separation of the Church and the state is to make them independent of each other. It avoids influence and interference to each other. The state is shall not interfere with the church, as to the church shall not interfere with the state. Each shall not influence the other to avoid conflict and to respect their independence.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    >> It is correct because the two bodies might have conflict if they would not be separated. They have contradicting beliefs that may result to a more serious conflict. Each must be independent of the other so as to be more focused on their respective roles in the country.

    3.. Justify why the separation of Church and State should remain inviolable.

    >> To avoid conflict, the separation of the Church and State should remain inviolable. They have independent roles to the society and they must focus on their own responsibilities, without interfering with the other.

  44. Concurring opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.

    The rationale is that the Church and State should be separated because people have the rights to praise and believe what they want to believe and the State should have no interference.
    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    The rationale is flawed when the priest receives donations and it wont have any taxes.

    3. Propose an amendment. Justify your proposal.

    State should not interfere and by this they should not support the Church.

    Dissenting opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.

    The rationale is that the Church must be separated by the state because people have the rights to do their beliefs not to be interfere by others.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    The rationale is correct because people should practice their beliefs not being interfered by the state.

    3. Justify why the separation of Church and State should remain inviolable.

    It should remain inviolable because it is not right to tax the Church.

  45. A.Concurring Opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.

    The rationale of this separation is to avoid intervening with the concerns of each party, since each is different and has its own legal matters to attend to. The state is to not interfere with the church, and so as with the church to the state.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    The rationale is flawed because the very state even the said leaders, comprises of the very members also of the church. So separating the concerns of each party would be impossible. Moreover, this two parties are situated in the same country. Every decisions would affect the other.

    3. Propose an amendment. Justify your proposal.

    The Church and the State , being a major body that comprises a country primarily needs unity. Each can have its contribution to support each other. The church brings morality to people, either leaders or followers, while the government provides protection to the church. With this two working together, the country will keep on progressing.

    B.Dissenting Opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.

    The rationale of this separation is to avoid intervening with the concerns of each party, since each is different and has its own legal matters to attend to. The state is to not interfere with the church, and so as with the church to the state.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    The rationale is correct, since these bodies are very different from one another. There are a lot of religions which means there are also a lot of churches. If the two were to be involved with each other, this may only lead to disputes between churches as to who should be heard. What each body should do, is to focus on their duties and responsibilities.

    3. Justify why the separation of Church and State should remain inviolable.

    Church and State should remain separated. Doing so would avoid conflicts and preserve our rights of enjoying free exercise and enjoyment of religious profession and worship. The church has a point of view that varies from the government and so as the government. Each has its own specialty and function.

  46. Concurring opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.
    Government and Religion are two different things. The Church and State must have their own jurisdictions. Conflict may arise if they are entrusted to handle the same task. Therefore the Church and State should be separated.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    The rationale is flawed because the people of the Church are also the people of the State. It’s like they’re trying to make the people follow two different leaders or two different policies..

    3. Propose an amendment. Justify your proposal.
    The Church and state should be unified so that we will have one ultimate governing body. If the Church and State are combined, a lot of issues concerning the country can be discussed more thoroughly.

    Dissenting opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) of the separation of Church and State.
    Government and Religion are two different things. The Church and State must have their own jurisdictions. Conflict may arise if they are entrusted to handle the same task. Therefore the Church and State should be separated.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    It is correct because if the Church and State are separated, they can do their respective tasks more effectively without being bothered by the other. Thus, it prevents possible conflicts between the two.

    3. Justify why the separation of Church and State should remain inviolable.
    The separation of the Church and State should remain inviolable because they can do their jobs better this way. If one would interfere with the other all the time, it would never lead to any progress.

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