EXAM 2.5 (ARTICLE V: Suffrage)

Write a concurring opinion and dissenting opinion for the motion.

REQUIRE LITERACY FOR SUFFRAGE.

Article V, Section 1.

Suffrage may be exercised by all citizens of the Philippines not otherwise disqualified by law, who are at least eighteen years of age, and who shall have resided in the Philippines for at least one year and in the place wherein they propose to vote for at least six months immediately preceding the election. No literacy, property, or other substantive requirement shall be imposed on the exercise of suffrage.

Concurring opinion:

1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.
2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
3. Consider the proposal to require literacy for suffrage. Justify the proposal.

Dissenting opinion:

1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.
2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
3. Justify why literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage.

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42 Responses

  1. Concurring opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.
    The rationale for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage is to make every person in the nation to vote as long as they also meet the other requirements for being eligible to vote.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    The rationale is flawed because people who are illiterate cannot understand the proper way to vote a public official.

    3. Consider the proposal to require literacy for suffrage. Justify the proposal.
    If an illiterate person is to vote, he/she may be just picking a candidate at random. It is like playing roulette. Even if someone helps them to vote, the person helping them may influence them to vote the person which the helper also voted.
    Dissenting opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.
    The rationale for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage is to make every person in the nation to vote as long as they also meet the other requirements for being eligible to vote.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    The rationale is correct because it does allow every person to exercise their right to vote since the people are the sovereign of a democratic nation.

    3. Justify why literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage.
    If we impose literacy as a requirement to vote, many will be able to vote because not all Filipinos are educated. Only a few are educated enough and they are not the whole or majority of the population of the Philippines. The total vote that will be casted will not be able to represent the whole population of the Philippines.

  2. Concurring opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.
    -There are several requirements for suffrage. Most of them can be achieved easily and are a given as well. Literacy requirement is a thing that takes a long time to obtain. By the the time this is obtained, the person did not exercise his rights and beliefs. In order for the person to freely exercise his rights, he must meet less requirements.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    -Literacy requirement is necessary in the present period. An illiterate person cannot use his rights if he cannot write or say it properly. He need a certain degree of literacy so his beliefs and rights may be expressed in a clear way that others may understand.

    3. Consider the proposal to require literacy for suffrage. Justify the proposal.
    -An illiterate cannot exercise his rights if he cannot express it in words or speech. He can be fooled by someone more knowledgeable and may cast his rights in the wrong way. If literacy is required, a person can understand the things he really wants and can choose what is best for him.

    Dissenting opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.
    -There are several requirements for suffrage. Most of them can be achieved easily and are a given as well. Literacy requirement is a thing that takes a long time to obtain. By the the time this is obtained, the person did not exercise his rights and beliefs. In order for the person to freely exercise his rights, he must meet less requirements.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    -There is little requirements to be met in exercising suffrage. The person can exercise immediately his rights and choose what he wants and what he needs.

    3. Justify why literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage.
    -Not all Filipinos are educated these days. If literacy is required, there will be lesser people exercising suffrage. The others who want their beliefs and opinions heard cannot be done because of this deficiency. By making sure literacy is not required, the people can cast their rights and beliefs correctly.

  3. Concurring opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.

    >> the rationale for not making literacy a requirement makes every person living eligible to vote without having any discrimination from other person and they can vote as long as they meet other requirments prescribed by law.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    >> the rationale is flawed because other people who are illiterate sometimes fall into politicians trapped wherein they are being used as a robot to let these politicians be voted by them not knowing the consequences that can happen.

    3. Consider the proposal to require literacy for suffrage. Justify the proposal.

    >> Literacy requirement in suffrage casn make a person understand fully about voting and he / she cannot be fooled by others in the used for money and other stuffs. and therefore can make our country progress with a clean and order elections.

    Dissenting opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.

    >> >> the rationale for not making literacy a requirement makes every person living eligible to vote without having any discrimination from other person and they can vote as long as they meet other requirments prescribed by law.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    >> The rationale is correct because it can give others people who are illiterate an equal chance and opportunity to exercise the right of votation.

    3. Justify why literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage.

    >> As what Article 3 says, we all have the right to cast our vote free from the influence of others, and this that proves and shows that we filipinos treat each other equally without any discrimination.

  4. Concurring opinion:

    Not making literacy a requirement for voting is to take illiteracy not as a hindrance to receive your right to vote as a valid citizen of the Philippines in accordance to the law. It avoids discrimination among the people who could not afford education or in any ways incapable of taking it.

    This rationale is flawed because majority of the illiterates are poor. Their situation gives a chance to those running for candidacy to make use of their poverty as a medium for getting more votes. The right to vote that the illiterates get now turns to be a right to cheat for the abusive candidate.
    An illiterate cannot evaluate well when he has insufficient knowledge about the candidate he is voting, this is caused by his lack of capability to understand certain things.

    I suggest that only the literals or the ones who was able to finish even elementary level only be allowed to vote. This will lessen voters who cannot assess very well and are given right to vote. This will also lessen the case of vote buying because people who finished even just elementary level of education are capable of understanding certain things about voting and may exercise it well.

    Dissenting opinion:

    Not making literacy a requirement for suffrage gives the right for every person in the nation to vote as a part of it as long as they meet the other requirements for being eligible to vote.

    The rationale is correct because it allows everyone to exercise their right to vote which they inherit as a citizen of this country.

    Imposing literacy as a requirement to vote, is a great form of discrimination. It is like taking out the voice of the people unable to take proper education believing they are incapable of making the right decisions. Poverty is a cause for illiteracy, but knowing how to read and write does not take over your concept of right and wrong, you can learn it even without reading or writing. Reading and writing is not part of the 5 senses and so it does not incapacitate the voter.

  5. Concurring opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.

    When literacy is not a requirement to be able to vote, discrimination is lessened and each voice is heard.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    Since most illiterates are poor, they experience most of the problems like poverty, etc. And these experiences sometimes cloud the mind and obstructs in the fair judgment of the person.

    3. Consider the proposal to require literacy for suffrage. Justify the proposal.

    Requiring literacy to be able to vote would help in deciding who to vote but it should be acted on properly.

    Dissenting opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.

    When literacy is not a requirement to be able to vote, discrimination is lessened and each voice is heard.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    By not making literacy a requirement for suffrage, every citizen is given equal chances in deciding who they think would be best for the society. Every idea of the community is taken into account and therefore, the pros and cons are well expressed which would be helpful in choosing the person to vote.
    3. Justify why literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage.

    There are some things learned by experience and not just in the classrooms. And this is the reason why literacy should not be imposed on the exercise for suffrage. For example, some of the illiterate citizens know how poverty affects the family because they experience it, bigtime. and these experiences help them consider who to vote.

  6. Concurring Opinion:

    The Filipino is free and given right to suffrage. The reason for this being that leaders need to be CHOSEN by the Filipino PEOPLE. However, if we look at it at an objective angle, those who are not literate do not understand or much less know what is in our constitution. They might have the right overview but some notions they believe might be wrong or unconstitutional.

    In other words, illiterate voters vote without proper knowledge of the power about to be acquired by the ones running for position. This is very misleading and disturbing.

    Voting is a very delicate matter. It can push a nation towards growth or towards decay. Therefore, one must only vote if and only if he fully knows the powers, benefits, responsibilities and accountabilities of the position they are voting for.

    Dissenting Opinion:

    The Filipino people is the heart of its country. They are given every right to ensure the rights given to each Filipino is respected and held. Therefore, they also have the right to elect those who they want to lead them.

    Suffrage is a right and a freedom for a Filipino Citizen. Taking it away violates a Filipino’s every being. Why does the Filipino need to be literate to vote? while those who run for positions are not required to be literate?

    Being handicapped does not deprive a person the right to live. It is only right that the illiterate also be given the right to suffrage.

  7. A.
    Making literacy not a requirement shows how just our constitution is. It does not stop those who have not attained proper schooling the right to vote. It gives the same rights that of a rich educated person to a poor uneducated person.

    Being illiterate can become a big problem, especially when it comes to elections. Some entities may take for granted the illiteracy of some people and use them to cheat in the elections. The illiterate person may want to vote someone, but those assisting him may write the name of the other candidate, and the voter has no way of ascertaining whether the vote casted was correct or not.

    Literacy should be made a requirement so that untoward incidents could be avoided and that a clean electoral process will be ensured for the citizens.

    B.
    Making literacy not a requirement shows how just our constitution is. It does not stop those who have not attained proper schooling the right to vote. It gives the same rights that of a rich educated person to a poor uneducated person.

    The provision is correct because everyone, as citizens of the country should be given equal rights and equal opportunities.

    The majority of the citizens of this country are poor, their financial status has become a hindrance to their literacy. It contradicts the essence of suffrage, that is the decision of the nation as a whole. It would not be a channel for some, especially for the poor to express their opinions on through the votation.

  8. A.
    Literacy is not a requirement in suffrage because not being able to read and right doesn’t the person not able to know a better leader.
    It is flawed because most of the illiterate persons may be easily fooled by the promises of the politicians having them make the wrong judgment.
    Voting a leader is a very serious matter. Therefore the ones who must exercised the said rights are people who truly understand what their doing.
    B.
    Literacy is not a requirement in suffrage because not being able to read and right doesn’t the person not able to know a better leader.
    Suffrage is one of the rights given by the Constitution to its citizens. Taking it away from people will violate the Constitution.
    Being illiterate doesn’t mean you could not choose a leader whom you think is fit to govern the society. Therefore literacy must not be a requirement in suffrage.

  9. CONCURRING OPINION

    State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.
    – Literacy is not a requirement for suffrage because, not all people in the Philippines are well educated, and it should not be a hindrance for someone who wants to express his/her opinion and freedom.

    Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    – Illiteracy can be a problem when it comes to voting because most of politicians takes advantage of their ignorance, they tend to use poverty as their main concern and so poor people are deceived to vote for someone who is not deserving for the position.

    Consider the proposal to require literacy for suffrage. Justify the proposal.
    – Literacy should be a requirement for voting because of its latter effect, having it as a requirement, it would bring about a clean and reliable election. It would also be a way of breaking the imprudence of most politicians.

    DISSENTING OPINION

    State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.
    – Literacy is not a requirement for suffrage because, not all people in the Philippines are well educated, and it should not be a hindrance for someone who wants to express his/her opinion and freedom.

    Explain why the rationale is correct.
    – The rationale is correct because through this every Filipino would have the chance to exercise freedom and discrimination would be out of line.

    Justify why literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage.
    – Most Filipinos are not literate, and so if literacy would be made as a requirement to vote, many would be dismantled and only few would be left to vote, but it would give credible results and people would not be easily deceived by absurd politicians.

  10. Concurring opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage..

    The rationale for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage is to exercise equal freedom to vote. Literacy should not hinder an individual to vote.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    The rationale is flawed because sometimes the illiteracy of a person is being abused by greedy people who want a position for themselves.

    3. Consider the proposal to require literacy for suffrage. Justify the proposal.

    Requiring literacy for suffrage will obliterate the exploitation done by greedy individuals wanting a position.

    Dissenting opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.

    The rationale for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage is to exercise equal freedom to vote. Literacy should not hinder an individual to vote.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    The rationale is correct because people suffering from illiteracy can still exercise their right to vote.

    3. Justify why literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage.

    Literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage because it will violate a person’s right to vote, which is stated in Article III of the Constitution. Every person is given equal rights and the right to suffrage is one of them.

  11. 1. Concurring opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.
    Since the Philippines is a democratic country, civil rights must always prevail and so, we remove requirements for some freedom in order for it to be exercised.
    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    The rationale is flawed because there will always be the factor of abuse of freedom in both parties.
    3. Consider the proposal to require literacy for suffrage. Justify the proposal.
    An illiterate person voting, is like a pointer in a roulette. He or she may not know what are the implications of the platforms of the official he/she is voting for since he has no proper background of legal matters.
    Dissenting opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.
    Since the Philippines is a democratic country, civil rights must always prevail and so, we remove requirements for some freedom in order for it to be exercised.
    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    The rationale is correct because of the term democracy.
    3. Justify why literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage.
    Literacy should not be an issue in the exercise of suffrage since every person should be given a chance to voice his choice out as a Filipino and as a human being.

  12. Concurring opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.
    Literacy is not a requirement for suffrage so that people will have equal rights in voting. They can exercise the essence of them being a Filipino, a part of the Philippine nation, even though they are not fully educated.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    The rationale is flawed due to the fact the illiterates are of a great number and officials are taking advantage of this by buying their votes. They are illiterate, without of much knowledge which is being abused by those high ranking and/or running officials.

    3. Consider the proposal to require literacy for suffrage. Justify the proposal.
    If literacy would be made as a requirement for suffrage then less election disputes will erupt. The unfortunate would not be taken advantage of. Vote buying would greatly be lessened. The illiterate who cannot properly asses the candidates will be lessened.
    Dissenting opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.
    Literacy is not a requirement for suffrage so that people will have equal rights in voting. They can exercise the essence of them being a Filipino, a part of the Philippine nation, even though they are not fully educated.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    The rationale is correct due to the fact that it recognizes the voice of all the citizens of the Philippines whether the unfortunate or the rich. Equality is present among the Filipino thus democracy reigns which is very important to Filipinos.

    3. Justify why literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage.
    Literacy should not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage so that discrimination among us Filipinos will not be present. All will have equal rights to vote. Poverty shall not be made a basis whether one has a right to vote or not. All citizens will have the right to vote for who they seem fit to be in that position, in their own discretion, in their own judgement.

  13. Concurring Opinion

    1.) Not making literacy a requirement for suffrage means allowing any Filipino who is of right age (18 yrs. old) to vote on a national election.

    2.) This rationale is flawed because it allows other Filipino, who don’t know how to read nor write, to vote. This is a major cause of cheating during elections. Politicians abuse these situation.

    3.) Illiterate voters are usually the media of cheating during election. That is why literacy should be required in suffrage.

    Dissenting Opinion

    1.) Not making literacy a requirement for suffrage means allowing any Filipino who is of right age (18 yrs. old) to vote on a national election.

    2.) The rationale is correct because every Filipino has a right to vote. That is why the “automated” or electronic elections will be used in the 2010 elections. It will help the illiterate ones to properly choose whom candidate they want to elect.

    3.) Literacy shouldn’t be required in suffrage because automated elections will be implemented in the 2010 elections. This will help lessen cheating during the elections.

  14. Concurring opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.
    The rationale for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage is to make every person be able to vote as long as the other requirements are met.
    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    The rationale is flawed because people who are illiterate will have a hard time understanding the concepts and procedures of voting a public official.
    3. Consider the proposal to require literacy for suffrage. Justify the proposal.
    Having literacy a requirement makes the voters be more sure of their chosen soon to be official and not just picking someone at random. With this, he has full knowledge of the consequences of her decision.
    Dissenting opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.
    The rationale for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage is to make every person be able to vote as long as the other requirements are met.
    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    The rationale is correct because it practices the rights of the citizens to vote, making their democracy and freedom very visible.
    3. Justify why literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage.
    If literacy as a requirement is not imposed, all of the citizens may vote. With this, everyone’s voice is considered and with this, all are heard. The total votes will represent all of the citizen’s voices and decisions.

  15. A. Concurring Opinion

    Literacy should not be a requirement in order for one to vote. This is to lessen discrimination among us. Also, this gives us a chance to practice our right to vote as long as other requirements are met.

    The rationale is flawed because this may cause cheating during the elections. We all know that a large number of voters are illiterate. With them, running officials may take advantage of their illiteracy by buying their votes.

    Literacy should be a requirement in voting to lessen number of vote buying. If one is literate, he/she may protect his/her own vote.

    B. Dissenting Opinion
    Literacy should not be a requirement in order for one to vote. This is to lessen discrimination among us. Also, this gives us a chance to practice our right to vote as long as other requirements are met.

    The rationale is right because everybody will be given a chance to practice his/her right to vote.

    Literacy should not be a requirement in voting. This is because all of us are given the right to vote during elections.

  16. Concurring opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.

    -The rationale for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage is to exercise equal freedom to vote. Our country practice democracy, therefore, literacy should not be a hindrance for an individual who wants to exercise his freedom to vote.
    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    -The rationale is flawed because individuals who are illiterate will surely have a tough time understanding the measures and procedures of voting a public official.

    3. Consider the proposal to require literacy for suffrage. Justify the proposal.

    -Having literacy as a requirement would bring a clean and reliable election. It would also be a way of breaking the corruption of most politicians.

    Dissenting opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.

    -The rationale for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage is to exercise equal freedom to vote. Our country practice democracy, therefore, literacy should not be a hindrance for an individual who wants to exercise his freedom to vote.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    -The rationale is correct because individuals who are illiterate can still exercise their right to vote.

    3. Justify why literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage.

    -It will violate a person’s right to vote. Every person is given equal rights and the right to suffrage is one of them. There are a lot of Filipinos who are uneducated thus preventing them from casting their votes if literacy is required.

  17. Concurring opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.
    – Having no literacy should not be a barrier for a person to vote. We are a third world country and literacy is not available for every person. This will discriminate the person who did not have education. Even though the person did not have enough education, he is still a filipino citizen who have the right to vote for the welfare of his country.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    – People who are not properly educated can be easily fooled to vote for the person they don’t want to vote. Most of the illiterate people are poor. Other officials can use the status of the poor to buy their votes.

    3. Consider the proposal to require literacy for suffrage. Justify the proposal.
    – A person should be educated when voting to lessen cheating on elections. This can also limit the number of government officials buying a vote.

    Dissenting opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.
    – Having no literacy should not be a barrier for a person to vote. We are a third world country and literacy is not available for every person. This will discriminate the person who did not have education. Even though the person did not have enough education, he is still a filipino citizen who have the right to vote for the welfare of his country.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    – Not having education for voting is good. This will not discriminate other filipinos who are illiterate. They are a filipino citizen and they still have the right to vote. They have equal rights like other persons who are literate.

    3. Justify why literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage.
    – Every person have the right to vote. Even though a person is illiterate, he still have equal right like any other person. This will discriminate the illiterate person.

  18. Concurring opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.
    – Literacy is not a requirement because every citizen has the right to vote for a candidate whom they think is an effective leader.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    – The rationale is flawed because it enables very inefficient candidates to win, which results to poor management of the nation.

    3. Consider the proposal to require literacy for suffrage. Justify the proposal.
    – Some degree of education should at least be required. I know that even at the very least, those who have been educated even minimally will be aware of the issues that surround us, the events that affect us and the people who control us. This would at least make them think twice to vote randomly, but instead vote wisely.

    Dissenting opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.
    – Literacy is not a requirement because every citizen has the right to vote for a candidate whom they think is an effective leader.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    – The rationale is correct because it let’s every citizen to exercise their right to vote freely.

    3. Justify why literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage.
    – Fewer citizens will be able to vote if literacy is required. Some who may want to change the nation by voting for the deserving candidate, will be deprived of achieving their goal.

  19. Concurring opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.
    -the rationale for not making literacy a requirement makes every person living eligible to vote who he/she thinks is right to become a leader.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    -it is flawed because some non-educated people are being fooled by candidates who take advantage of their ignorance.

    3. Consider the proposal to require literacy for suffrage. Justify the proposal.
    -they should be educated so that they have the knowledge on who to vote and what kind of a leader should be voted.

    Dissenting opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.
    -the rationale for not making literacy a requirement makes every person living eligible to vote who he/she thinks is right to become a leader.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    -it is correct because everyone has there freedom to vote w/c they think the leader should be.

    3. Justify why literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage.
    -some would demand there freedom because only some have the right to vote and the illiterate people couldn’t? They also have the right because they also live in this country.

  20. Concurring opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.
    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    3. Consider the proposal to require literacy for suffrage. Justify the proposal.

    Literacy is not a requirement for suffrage because it allows equal opportunity for all citizens of the Philippines who eligible to vote do so. No Literacy requirement is present so that no one is discriminated against concerning the right to vote.

    The major flaw in this is that by having no literacy requirement, one could possibly make an ill-informed vote based on incorrect information. Since there is no literacy requirement, any illiterate may be manipulated to vote someone who he/she would not vote had he/she not been illiterate.

    It is proposed that literacy be a requirement for suffrage. Being able to read and write makes a big difference compared to not being able to do so. A literate person can make informed decisions an illiterate person can’t. And this also greatly reduces the chance of a person’s vote being manipulated.

    Dissenting opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.
    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    3. Justify why literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage.

    Literacy is not a requirement for suffrage because it allows equal opportunity for all citizens of the Philippines who eligible to vote do so. No Literacy requirement is present so that no one is discriminated against concerning the right to vote.

    The rationale is correct because it allows any citizen eligible to do so exercise their right to vote, regardless of whether or not you could read and write.

    Just as any person has the right to express his/opinion, any person also has the right to vote who he/she sees fit to lead the country. The government is made for the people and the “people” aren’t only the ones who can read and write.

  21. 1. A. Concurring Opinion
    Literacy is not a requirement to vote for each and everyone is given equal rights in choosing which leader he/she thinks is appropriate. Literacy should not be a hindrance for people to exercise their right to vote.
    It is flawed for some may not even understand what actually the purpose of what they are doing is. Also people who are not literate are much prone to being use by political parties. They use them to put themselves in the position they want.
    Literacy being a requirement will make give a positive effect later on. The election will be more reliable. In this way we can make sure that people who a re voting actually understands the platform of each and every candidate. That there decision is based on what they actually think will benefit our country.
    B. Dissenting Opinion
    Literacy is not a requirement to vote for each and everyone is given equal rights in choosing which leader he/she thinks is appropriate. Literacy should not be a hindrance for people to exercise their right to vote.
    The rationale is right because under the constitution all people have the right to vote. It also recognizes the voice of each Filipino which is very important in a democratic country like ours.
    Literacy should not be a requirement so discrimination wouldn’t be present. In this way people are given equal rights.

  22. A. Concurring opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.

    The rationale for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage is to make every person be able to vote as long as the other requirements are met.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    Since most illiterates are poor, they experience most of the problems like poverty, etc. And these experiences sometimes cloud the mind and obstructs in the fair judgment of the person

    3. Consider the proposal to require literacy for suffrage. Justify the proposal.

    Having literacy as a requirement would bring a clean and reliable election. It would also be a way of breaking the corruption of most politicians.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:

    Literacy should not be a requirement in order for one to vote. This is to lessen discrimination among us. Also, this gives us a chance to practice our right to vote as long as other requirements are met.

    The rationale is right because everybody will be given a chance to practice his/her right to vote.

    Literacy should not be a requirement in voting. This is because all of us are given the right to vote during elections.

  23. Concurring opinion:

    The rationale for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage is because not every Filipino is given a chance to study. It is a grounding point wherein everybody is free to exercise suffrage given their qualified age and being a Filipino resident for at least one year.

    The rationale is flawed because a person not that literate could be easily manipulated by our abusive politicians by making their theme for the poor whom I think is not clearly understood by our fellow countrymen.

    Literacy is a must for suffrage because as a quotation is said, a little knowledge could be dangerous. A minimal literacy such as being able to read and write is enough.

    Dissenting opinion:

    The rationale for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage is because not every Filipino is given a chance to study. It is a grounding point wherein everybody is free to exercise suffrage given their qualified age and being a Filipino resident for at least one year.

    The rationale is correct to ensure that every Filipino has the equal right to vote.

    Literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage, because it would be unfair to our fellowmen who cannot afford to study in school. This prevents discrimination, the exercise of suffrage becomes free for all and everyone gets a chance to express their rights by the means of casting their votes in the ballot.

  24. A. Concurring Opinion

    The rationale behind for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage is making every person to vote as long as they meet the requirements for voting. It flawed because not all people are literate and those illiterate people are not really eligible for voting. I propose to make literacy a requirement for voting. Illiterate people are being used by those candidates who are desperate of winning the elections.

    B. Dissenting Opinion

    The rationale behind for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage is making every person to vote as long as they meet the requirements for voting. The rationale is correct because it is the right for each and everyone of us to vote and choose the leader that we want. I believe that literacy should not be imposed as a requirement for voting. If a literacy shall be imposed as a requirement, not all of the people will be able to vote and we can not practice total democracy in our country. One more thing is that those eligible people to vote, or might as well call them as the literate ones, may be influenced by those powerful candidates.

  25. A. Concurring Opinion

    The rationale for not making literacy a requirement is that it allows every single individual who would meet the requirements able to vote and participate in the exercise of his/her right to vote.

    The flaw of the rationale is that some people who are uneducated and illiterate cannot understand the proper ways of the election, and sometimes the uneducated are taken advantage of taking away their right to vote.

    If an illiterate person were to vote, he/she may pick a candidate at random and cannot place any reason why. If help was given, a conditional bias and influence may be given, taking away his/her personal choice of candidate. The illiteracy also provides a weakness to the person which many people will exploit just to achieve what they want.

    B. Dissenting Opinion

    The rationale for not making literacy a requirement is that it allows every single individual who would meet the requirements able to vote and participate in the exercise of his/her right to vote.

    The rationale is correct because it allows all individuals, who have met the requirements, to vote what they want. And since we are living in a democratic nation, even the illiterate still counts as a voice to be heard in choosing the leaders of our country,

    If the imposition of a literacy requirement is done then many Filipino people will not be able to vote. We are living in a difficult life and some others cannot afford to give education to themselves and to their children, thus providing illiteracy. Only few are educated enough to understand the system of elections. And if there was a literacy requirement then many people will not be able to vote and it is not represented by the whole population of the Philippines.

  26. A. Concurring opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.
    > The rationale for not making literacy a requirement for voting is for every citizen to exercise their right to vote. Illiteracy is not a hindrance in suffrage as long as he or she meets the other requirements needed for voting as prescribed by law.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    >The rationale is flawed for most illiterate people belong to the poor. Due to poverty and lack of knowledge, these people are being used and paid by politicians in exchange of their votes. Thus, they are robbed of their right to vote and deceived by the offer of money for it is what they need.

    3. Consider the proposal to require literacy for suffrage. Justify the proposal.
    >The proposal of literacy for suffrage is possible for it helps a person why and who to vote for. It can make a person fully understand suffrage thus, unclean elections may be lessened for they know how important voting is and it cannot be paid my money.

    B. Dissenting opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.
    > The rationale for not making literacy a requirement for voting is for every citizen to exercise their right to vote. Illiteracy is not a hindrance in suffrage as long as he or she meets the other requirements needed for voting as prescribed by law.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    > The rationale is correct for it gives illiterate people exercise their right to vote. As citizens of the country, we must have equal rights and equal opportunities.

    3. Justify why literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage.
    > Literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage for our country has one of the most poor people citizens in the world, thus, they became illiterate for they can’t afford schooling. It follows that many people will also lose their chance to exercise their right to vote. Secondly, it is a form of discrimination for them. They won’t be able to express their thoughts and opinions through the process of voting. Literacy is not needed to define the candidates’ traits why he or she must be voted

  27. A. Concurring
    The no literacy requirement is the rationale to make every Filipino citizen vote in a national election.
    The rationale is flawed because how can a person be able to read and write how they can choose and write the right name in the ballot if they can’t read or write. I believe that literacy should be a requirement so not to abuse the right of choosing of every Filipino people.
    B. Dissenting
    The no literacy requirement is the rationale to make every Filipino citizen vote in a national election.
    The rationale is correct to apply the democratic rule to our country. We should not deprive the right of voting, and to elect whoever we want. Filipino people doesn’t use literacy in voting one thing we need to do is to be honest with ourselves; we Filipino people are choosing by our heart, we vote who deserves for every positions.

  28. A. Concurring Opinion

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage

    The rationale for not making literacy a requirement is that it allows and gives the opportunity for every individual to participate in the elections and exercise his or her right to vote.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed

    The rationale is flawed because oftentimes, illiterate and uneducated people are unmindful of the system of voting and election thus, making them vulnerable for some people to take advantage of them. This kind of system promotes corrupt officials on the pedestal.

    3. Consider the proposal to require literacy for suffrage. Justify the proposal

    If an illiterate were to vote, he or she may randomly select an official which is not good if we are dealing this kind of situation in a greater scale. What may happen is that an official is held in place which turns out that he/she has no capacity and no intention of serving but just corrupting the resources of the city.

    B. Dissenting Opinion

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.

    The rationale for not making literacy a requirement is that it allows and gives the opportunity for every individual to participate in the elections and exercise his or her right to vote.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct

    The rationale is correct because it allows all individuals, who have met the requirements, to vote whomever they believe is deserving of such position. Philippines is a democratic nation, even this illiterate and uneducated people still counts as a voice to be heard in deciding whom they want to lead them.

    3. Justify why literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage

    If the imposition of a literacy requirement is done then many Filipino people will not be able to vote. Let’s face it that this is a third-world country. Many among us Filipinos of a hundred million population didn’t earn the chance to make it in school. Being illiterate doesn’t mean this people cannot think for themselves. They have their senses enough to be aware and to know what is happening around them.

  29. Require literacy for suffrage.

    A. Concurring opinion:

    Suffrage is the right and obligation of citizens to vote in elections. It is a privilege given to the people. There is no literacy, property or any substantive requirement to have this right.

    The rationale is flawed. There should be a literacy requirement. Giving an illiterate person the privilege of voting may cause problems such as how they would vote.

    Literacy should be required for suffrage though there should be a certain limit whether a person should have graduated from a certain level. In our country, education is highly supported. Public schools that allow low fees are available. With this, a person can easily become literate.

    B. Dissenting opinion:

    Suffrage is the right and obligation of citizens to vote in elections. It is a privilege given to the people. There is no literacy, property or any substantive requirement to have this right.

    The rationale is correct. Literacy should not be a requirement.

    Literacy does not define the intelligence of the person, his nationality nor his patriotism. A person should not be deprived of this privilege just because he is not educated as dictated as seen by the society. A person may be illiterate but he still has his own views and perspective on what is happening in the community.

  30. Concurring opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.
    Literacy doesn’t define a person’s capacity to decide who is a better representative and leader for his country.
    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    It is flawed because when you cannot read and write, you are somewhat unaware of what is really happening around you. Media can be deceiving and the people’s opinion are not very reliable. You should know it for yourself and you should find it out for yourself who deserves to represent the country.

    3. Consider the proposal to require literacy for suffrage. Justify the proposal.
    It will be good to require literacy for suffrage so that people’s vote will not be bought by those who take advantage of other people’s misfortune.

    Dissenting opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.
    Literacy doesn’t define a person’s capacity to decide who is a better representative and leader for his country.
    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    Every human being has the capacity to know what is good from what is not. Therefore, unable to write and read don’t make a person less of who he/she is. He/she can still make his/her decision and he/she can still know what is the rightful thing to do.
    3. Justify why literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage.
    Literacy should not be a requirement for suffrage because one can understand what’s going on around him/her even without the ability to read and write.

  31. A. Concurring Opinion:

    The rationale for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage is for equality. As we all know, we are not all given a chance to have an adequate education. It would be unfair for others who are not able to study because of poverty not to be able to vote.

    The rationale is flawed because sometimes people are taking advantage of the people who are illiterate because they can’t understand the ways of the election; thus it is tantamount of taking their right to vote.

    Literacy should be required because some people are abusing the limitations of the illiterate people; fooling them to vote for the ones they support, thus also removing their right to vote freely.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:

    The rationale for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage is for equality. As we all know, we are not all given a chance to have an adequate education. It would be unfair for others who are not able to study because of poverty not to be able to vote.

    The rationale is just right to ensure equality among the citizens. Each and every citizen should have the right to vote because every voice should be heard, educated or not.

    Literacy should not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage because it is unfair for our brothers who are too poor to afford school. This also prevents discrimination among our nation. Every person should have the right to choose their leader to follow; it is just right for everyone to vote.

  32. 1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.
    -Unmaking literacy a requirement for suffrage is an epitomy of how we demonstrate democracy in our country.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    -The rationale is flawed because illiteracy may greatly affect decision making especially in voting wisely.

    3. Consider the proposal to require literacy for suffrage. Justify the proposal.
    -It would be necessary to require literacy for suffrage in order to have a better league of nation to choose rightful leaders of our country.

    Dissenting opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.
    -Unmaking literacy a requirement for suffrage is an epitomy of how we demonstrate democracy in our country.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    -The rationale is correct because this is an evidence of equality in voting and having freedom in voting.

    3. Justify why literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage.
    -Iiteracy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage for the very act of it would allow discrimination to our people, as a democratic country we would turn back from our oath to give the members of this republic to have equity and freedom.

  33. Concurring Opinion
    1.) The Philippines is a democratic country, and we do have civil rights that must be exercised. If the government set high standards before the people can exercise that right, then they are limiting the citizens w/c is considered denial of civil right.
    2.) The rationale is flawed because the uneducated people are being used for the advantage of the candidate, and this is by buying their votes..
    3.) Requiring literacy will make the voters be surer of their chosen candidate and not just picking random candidates or selling their votes.
    Dissenting Opinion
    1.) The Philippines is a democratic country, and we do have civil rights that must be exercised. If the government set high standards before the people can exercise that right, then they are limiting the citizens w/c is considered denial of civil right.
    2.) The rationale is correct because it carry out the rights of the citizens to vote, making their rights put into effect.
    3.) Every person is given equal rights and the right to suffrage is one of them. Majority of the Filipinos are uneducated thus, making the voters smaller in number.

  34. Concurring opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.

    Literacy is not a requirement for suffrage because every Filipino, at least 18 years of age and living in the country for at least one year, has the right to contribute their vote in the political election. It is the only the ability to understand, write and read is the requirement for suffrage.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    The rationale is flawed because literate people have great understanding on the status of the country than those who do not have proper education.

    3. Consider the proposal to require literacy for suffrage. Justify the proposal.

    Literate people may have a lot of understanding and logical reasoning that may help in choosing among the political candidates. It must be a requirement for suffrage to help every voter to choose who will deserve for a position to lead the country. It will also avoid incidence of vote buying that happen between illiterate people and dishonest political candidates.

    Dissenting opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.

    Literacy is not a requirement for suffrage because every Filipino, at least 18 years of age and living in the country for at least one year, has the right to contribute their vote in the political election. It is the only the ability to understand, write and read is the requirement for suffrage.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    The rationale is correct because it respect the right of every person to contribute to the political leadership in the country. It also avoids the discrimination toward those people who lack educational background.

    3. Justify why literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage.

    Literacy must not be a requirement for suffrage because it is merely proper understanding and mind disposition that can help any person in voting for their own candidates. Suffrage is the matter of choosing the right candidate by using the human instinct of choosing between what is right and what is wrong.

  35. Concurring opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.

    There are several requirements for suffrage. Most of them can be achieved easily and are a given as well. Literacy requirement is not met by everyone or rather not everyone has the privilege to study therefore as long as he/she meets the other requirement then it would be fine.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    In our modern times Literacy is one of the most basic requirement for almost everything because of the fact that an illiterate person may not be conscious of his own rights as a citizen of the state.

    3. Consider the proposal to require literacy for suffrage. Justify the proposal.

    It should be imposed because of the fact that illiterate individuals do not know how to exercise their own rights and may also be used by others for their own specific gain.

    Dissenting opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.

    There are several requirements for suffrage. Most of them can be achieved easily and are a given as well. Literacy requirement is not met by everyone or rather not everyone has the privilege to study therefore as long as he/she meets the other requirement then it would be fine.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    Literacy in our modern times is not met by all of our citizens because of some reasons thus making this a requirement tells us that many of our fellow citizens will not be able to exercise suffrage.

    3. Justify why literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage.

    Literacy should not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage because of the fact that majority of our fellow citizens do not have the privilege of studying thus would be unfair to each and everyone of them

  36. Concurring opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.
    >>The rationale for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage is to give equality for every member of this nation in voting, as long as they can meet the other requirements of eligibility to vote.

    2.Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    >>The rationale is flawed because it is hard to trust the ability of illiterate people in understanding the status of the country. Their decisions might just lead the country away from progress by electing undeserving leaders.

    3. Consider the proposal to require literacy for suffrage. Justify the proposal.
    >>Literate people can better understand what a country needs and can help remedy it by choosing the right leaders. Their decisions are reasonable enough, since they are more capable in knowing what the country is lacking from.

    B.Dissenting Opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.
    >>The rationale for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage is to give equality for every member of this nation in voting, as long as they can meet the other requirements of eligibility to vote.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    >>The rationale is correct because every citizen of this nation should have the right to choose a leader who will rule over them. As long as they can meet the requirements and be eligible enough, illiteracy should not be a problem.

    3. Justify why literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage.
    >>Literacy should not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage for the fact that discrimination would take place. Every member of this country should be equal and be free in choosing the leader, whom they think is best deserving, since we are a democratic country.

  37. Concurring opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.

    Literacy should not be a requirement because a lot of people are not literate,so if this will be a requirement then it will violate their human rights.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    The rationale is flawed because some illiterate people are being used,manipulated or trick by some people.

    3. Consider the proposal to require literacy for suffrage. Justify the proposal.

    Requiring literacy will lessen the wrong choice of votes.

    Dissenting opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage

    Literacy should not be a requirement because a lot of people are not literate,so if this will be a requirement then it will violate their human rights

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    The rationale is correct because even if people are illiterate they are still people and they their own rights.

    3. Justify why literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage.

    Literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage because having literacy imposed will violate their rights. People should be given chances regardless of their status, they also human like us so we should have equal rights.

  38. Concurring opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.
    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    3. Consider the proposal to require literacy for suffrage. Justify the proposal.

    Having no literacy requirement in suffrage is to give equal rights to a the citizen of the Philippines. Though some people is not literate as other they have there own minds and reasoning that is enough to make a decision. Also people who are literate can guide them to that process.

    Literacy requirement is a must. Most of the time illiterate people tend only to do what other told them and there knowledge about what is happen maybe blurred that make there decision invalid or wrong.

    Literacy for suffrage is a must so that valid reasons for voting can be made. Wrong decisions will only make our country worst. Literate people have a better perspective to what is happening to our country.

    Dissenting opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.
    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    3. Justify why literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage.

    Having no literacy requirement in suffrage is to give equal rights to a the citizen of the Philippines. Though some people is not literate as other they have there own minds and reasoning that is enough to make a decision. Also people who are literate can guide them to that process.

    This is justifiable because it is an exercise of a right, freedom. Eevery person in a country have right to make a difference in his homeland whether he is illiterate or not.

    Limiting this will prevent illiterate people to exercise their right. They have a right to vote to make a difference. They have minds that have the power to understand on what they will do or chose.

  39. A. Concurring opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.

    >> Literacy is not a requirement for a citizen of the nation be able to vote. However, he/she must possess other qualifications and requirements for being an eligible voter.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    >> It is flawed because uneducated people may not understand what should be considered in voting officials. They may be used by the candidates who are desperate to win over the election. They are the ones who can be easily abused and used.

    3. Consider the proposal to require literacy for suffrage. Justify the proposal.

    >> Since they are illiterate, they can be influenced by those who are trying to help them when they are voting. They can be fooled by these people. And in such case, it is not them who actually voted, but those people who are using them in order to manipulate the elections.

    B. Dissenting opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.

    >> Literacy is not a requirement for a citizen of the nation be able to vote. However, he/she must possess other qualifications and requirements for being an eligible voter.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    >> It is correct because in a democratic country like the Philippines, everyone has the right to vote, provided that they are of proper age. Even those who are not literate have this equal right. Literacy is not an enough criterion that the voter will vote properly. Even some literate people may be manipulated and influenced by others. Everyone must be given the chance to vote, because illiterate people also have the so-called “common sense”. They would also know who to vote.

    3. Justify why literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage.

    >> Many Filipinos are not granted the chance to be educated. IF literacy is a requirement for voting, then it would be unfair to those who are illiterate. They are also human beings and citizens of the State, and so they must also possess equal rights.

  40. 1. RATIONALE IS THAT…
    … literacy is not needed for a person to vote because this does not affect his or her decision making skills, and, even if the person is illiterate, he or she has the full right to freely vote for whoever she chooses.
    2. THE RATIONALE IS FLAWED BECAUSE…
    … literacy may also result to lack of knowledge. And when you don’t know enough about politics or the person you may want to vote for, it gives these corrupt officials the opportunity to brainwash illiterate persons into voting for them. And, in this case where there are more illiterate persons than educated ones. It is a big advantage if one wins the hearts of the poor.
    3. I PROPOSE…
    … that literacy may be a requirement for a person to vote. This is to ensure that the people who want to vote in the elections have full knowledge to whomever they want to represent their region.
    B.
    1. RATIONALE IS THAT…
    … literacy is not needed for a person to vote because this does not affect his or her decision making skills, and, even if the person is illiterate, he or she has the full right to freely vote for whoever she chooses.
    2. THE RATIONALE IS CORRECT BECAUSE…
    … any person who is a citizen of this country has a right to vote for any candidate he or she chooses. It does not matter if he or she is literate or not. What matters is that person is able to have a sane decision for herself/himself and this country.
    3. LITERACY SHOULD NOT BE IMPOSED ON THE EXERCISE OF SUFFRAGE BECAUSE…
    … a person must not be robbed off his rights just because of lack of education, especially when it is not at all his fault. Everyone, rich or poor, literate or not, must have equal rights to vote whoever he chooses to run this country.

  41. Concurring opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.
    Literacy is not a requirement to be able to vote so that almost everyone in the country can vote for who they believe is deserving of the position.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    The rationale is flawed because a lot of people might vote for a candidate who is not really fit for the position, but since they are illiterate and know nothing about it, they will vote anyway.

    3. Consider the proposal to require literacy for suffrage. Justify the proposal.
    Literacy should be a requirement to be able to vote. By doing this, we can ensure that the voters know who they are voting and why they are voting for that candidate. They will at least know what is good for their country and themselves.

    Dissenting opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.
    Literacy is not a requirement to be able to vote so that almost everyone in the country can vote for who they believe is deserving of the position.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    The rationale is correct because every citizen will have the right to vote. The Philippines is a democratic country and this is an indication of democracy.

    3. Justify why literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage.
    Not everyone is fortunate enough to be able to study. A lot of people are illiterate. As long as literacy is not a requirement to vote, then everyone is equal when it comes to voting for their respective candidates, regardless of educational attainment.

  42. Concurring opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage..

    – Not making literacy a requirement for suffrage means that those who are at least eighteen years of age, and who shall have resided in the Philippines for at least one year and in the place wherein they propose to vote for at least six months immediately preceding the election can exercise their right to vote. Literacy is not a hindrance for a person’s right to vote.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    – It is necessary that voters be literate, as the election process is the very lifeline of a nation’s democracy. Having an uneducated voting population makes the election process more susceptible to fraudand cheating.

    3. Consider the proposal to require literacy for suffrage. Justify the proposal.

    – It is imperative that literacy be a requirement for suffrage. A person’s right to vote comes with the responsibility of making the right and educated choices. Allowing illiterate constituents to vote blindly is tantamount to giving the keys of a bank vault to a thief.

    Dissenting opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for not making literacy a requirement for suffrage.

    – Not making literacy a requirement for suffrage means that those who are at least eighteen years of age, and who shall have resided in the Philippines for at least one year and in the place wherein they propose to vote for at least six months immediately preceding the election can exercise their right to vote. Literacy is not a hindrance for a person’s right to vote.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    – It is a person’s right to make his choice of leaders by voting. No disablity or deficiency can ever take away a person’s right to be involved in the process of nation-building.

    3. Justify why literacy shall not be imposed on the exercise of suffrage.

    – The exercise of suffrage is one of the pillars of democracy. No one should ever be deprived of his right to vote, regardless of social status or material and educational deficiency.

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