QUIZ 3: ARTICLE X (Local Governments)

Write a concurring opinion and dissenting opinion for the motion.

TRANSFORM LOCAL GOVERNMENTS INTO FEDERAL GOVERNMENTS.

Article X, Section 1.

Section 1. The territorial and political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines are the provinces, cities, municipalities, and barangays. There shall be autonomous regions in Muslim Mindanao and the Cordilleras as hereinafter provided.

Article X, Section 5.

Section 5. Each local government unit shall have the power to create its own sources of revenues and to levy taxes, fees and charges subject to such guidelines and limitations as the Congress may provide, consistent with the basic policy of local autonomy. Such taxes, fees, and charges shall accrue exclusively to the local governments.

A. Concurring Opinion:
(5 points)

Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.

1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
into local governments.
2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
3. Consider the proposal to transform local governments in federal governments. Justify this proposal.

B. Dissenting Opinion:
(5 points)

Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).

1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
into local governments.
2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
3. Justify why the current political subdivisions should stay.

SUGGESTED READING:

“Local autonomy, federalism and BJE: Much Ado About Something”
Alex B. Brillantes Jr.

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44 Responses

  1. A. Concurring Opinion:
    (5 points)
    Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.
    The rational for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local government is to have efficiency and political stability.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    The rational is flawed because not all local governments have equal attention. Others receive more fund for their local government while others have less. The national government are focused on a few while others are left out.

    3. Consider the proposal to transform local governments in federal governments. Justify this proposal.
    Transforming local governments into federal governments will help others to be able to take care of themselves because they will already have their own decisions in making these happen. The federal governments will not have to worry about being left out because it will be funded by the national government for it to be able to stand for itself. This will also be favorable for those seeking autonomy.
    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    (5 points)
    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.
    The rational for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local government is to have efficiency and political stability.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    The rationale is correct because political stature of the Republic of the Philippines is stable. Government officials work efficiently to be able to render the best possible service for the country.

    3. Justify why the current political subdivisions should stay.
    The current political subdivisions should stay because it is just fine as it is. It already delivers proper service to the nation. It needs not to be disturb because it maybe unstable in the process.

  2. A. Concurring Opinion:
    (5 points)
    Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
    into local governments.
    -The Philippines is an archipelago. It is hard for only one large government to run several small provinces and municipalities at the same time. That is why local governments are needed. They will handle a definite population so the national government will have a smaller populace to manage. It is also very efficient and stable.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    -Even though the nation is divided into smaller governments to manage, it is still divided. Some places will get attention from the national government while others may be ignored. It is hard to manage because of the physical restrictions of the Philippines, being an archipelago.

    3. Consider the proposal to transform local governments in federal governments. Justify this proposal.
    -Federal governments will have more freedom and independence. They will no longer depend on decisions from the higher governments. This is great for provinces who seek autonomy.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    (5 points)
    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
    into local governments.
    -The Philippines is an archipelago. It is hard for only one large government to run several small provinces and municipalities at the same time. That is why local governments are needed. They will handle a definite population so the national government will have a smaller populace to manage. It is also very efficient and stable.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    -Based on the current happenings, the state of the government is stable. Handling small provinces and municipalities is more efficient and much faster to manage.
    3. Justify why the current political subdivisions should stay.
    -Changing the political subdivisions of the Philippines may be hard today. People are used to the same divisions today. Even though it may be beneficial, it will take a lot of time to change which should be dedicated to other projects. Therefore it should stay.

  3. A. Concurring opinion

    The division of the political power is set to provide an easy to manage government of each region. It also provide the opportunity to centralize the government, and in doing so, will lessen the effort needed to keep things in check.

    It is flawed because the system itself has and is still currently being used and has yet to show results. It is a system that was forced unto us during the Spanish colonial era. It is not compatible with the geography of the Philippines. Also, not all regions are treated equally. Some regions are underdeveloped and some even neglected.The people also become more reliant to the central government, thus reducing the capabilities of the people.

    The unitary system of the country should be reviewed. It should be studied and revised so that it could become compatible with the country. The system should shift to federalism if revision is not possible.

    B. Dissenting Opinion

    The division of the political power is set to provide an easy to manage government of each region. It also provide the opportunity to centralize the government, and in doing so, will lessen the effort needed to keep things in check.

    The provision is correct since it has shown some positive results. Things are easier to manage as a whole.

    The provision should be retained because it as things are right now, it is fine as it is right now. There are still rough edges to smoothen out, but it is still functional.It takes less effort and consumes lesser resources.

  4. A. Concurring Opinion:
    (5 points)

    Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
    into local governments.
    – The subdivisions of the Republic into local governments are to enforce the laws, to keep peace and order, to solve the individual problems of each division and to speed up information dissemination.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    – The rationale is flawed because some of the divisions neglect their duties. They don’t fully operate for the good of the community they belong to.

    3. Consider the proposal to transform local governments in federal governments. Justify this proposal.
    – Federal governments will require well devoted attention. This will push the people of the community to be more responsible to achieve the greater good.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    (5 points)

    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
    into local governments.
    – The subdivisions of the Republic into local governments are to enforce the laws, to keep peace and order, to solve the individual problems of each division and to speed up information dissemination.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    – The government cannot manage the nation as a whole. This reason is evident in having a congress that is full of representatives. To organize the nation, the government needed help from more people who are dedicated to service for the common good. It is from this need to organize and to prevent neglect that the Republic is sub-divided into more manageable communities which have their own local form of authority.

    3. Justify why the current political subdivisions should stay.
    – Current political subdivisions should stay to prevent greed and abuse of power to flourish in local authorities. It would be risky to change the current subdivisions because not all who have authority in this level are capable to lead their community to greater glories. They may instead lead their area to their downfall.

  5. A. Concurring Opinion:
    (5 points)

    Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
    into local governments.
    –> The rationale for the political subdivision is to provide efficient and proper government per locality. each local is different from the other and if the government is not subdivided into local governments the efficiency of the governing body will be fall down.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    —> the rationale is flawed because uniformity of laws are broken, each locality will have different set of laws creating confusion among people passing by a local.

    3. Consider the proposal to transform local governments in federal governments. Justify this proposal.
    —> federal government is best suited for regions that are autonomous. it gives them more freedom and independence from government bodies above them.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    (5 points)

    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
    into local governments.
    —> Political subdivisions in the Philippines is caused by the fact that we are an archipelago and divided into 3 major region. luzon, visayas and mindanao. cultural differences and the demands per region is different from the other making political subdivision the answer to cater the different needs of each region.
    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    —> it is correct because each region acts differently from the other and a little tweaking of the laws imposed on each region is needed. depending on the needs of the people in the region.
    3. Justify why the current political subdivisions should stay.
    —> it should stay because it help us group as a nation even though we are subdivided into groups are main purpose is still intact and that is to make our country a better place for the new generation to live in.

  6. A. Concurring Opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.
    The rationale for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines is to provide balance in the distribution of privileges, funding and also to have equality in the government services for the nation.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    The rationale is flawed because the ordinances are not the same for every municipality. With this, there is no uniformity in the local government.

    3. Consider the proposal to transform local governments in federal governments. Justify this proposal.
    It is very impractical to have a federal government here in the Philippines. First, because of the Philippines’ land area. The Philippines is too small to have a federal government. Second, because of the funds present in the government treasury. We do not have enough money to suffice the existence of this type of government.
    B. Dissenting Opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.
    The rationale for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines is to provide balance in the distribution of privileges, funding and also to have equality in the government services for the nation.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    The division of the government is to balance political attention in locations far from the central government. This also lessens the work done by the National Government.

    3. Justify why the current political subdivisions should stay.
    The current political subdivision should stay because it is the most effective government system in our case.

  7. A. Concurring Opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.
    >>The political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines helps the country’s government to be more efficient and stable. It provides control and equality even within the local regions.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    >>The rationale is flawed because the government sometimes fail to attend in the needs of some local regions, especially those who are little and distant from the main government.

    3. Consider the proposal to transform local governments in federal governments. Justify this proposal.
    >>Federal goverments would help make this government better, since it will provide a somewhat like president in every state. It gives more attention to the needs or problems, which would result into progress, as the whole country progress.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.
    >>The political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines helps the country’s government to be more efficient and stable. It provides control and equality even within the local regions.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    >>The rationale is correct because it helps lessen the obligations of the main government to attend in the needs of some local regions, especially those who are having lame problems.

    3. Justify why the current political subdivisions should stay.
    >>It should stay because this system is working very well for our country. The subdivisions help make our country, divided into thousands of islands, mangeable to rule. Its also help each region to progress on their own and together as one with the whole country.

  8. A. Concurring Opinion

    1.) Transforming our local governments into federal ones makes it easy for us to implement local laws and will provide efficiency and stability. It is easier to handle the country and thus problems are easily solved.

    2.) Inequality among localities might occur if the Philippine Government is subdivided into federal ones. What will happen is that the stronger locality will be focused by the national government than the weaker ones.

    3.) The transformation of local governments into federal ones needs a brief review/study if it really fits the system of our government. If so, our government will be like the USA, a very powerful first world country, which gains from this kind of government. We can try something new. Who knows, this is the answer to our problems and prayers.

    B. Dissenting Opinion

    1.) Transforming our local governments into federal ones makes it easy for us to implement local laws and will provide efficiency and stability. It is easier to handle the country and thus problems are easily solved.

    2.) The rationale is correct because it is easier to manage a country composed of 7000 islands if local governments are independent or federal.

    3.) The current political subdivisions should stay because I dont think a change in the system of our government will fit us specially that we are a third world country, a developing country. One thing more is that I dont like the fact that we are imitating the system of the USA, another colonial mentality.

  9. A. Concurring Opinion:
    (5 points)

    Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.

    – The Republic of the Philippines was subdivided into local governments for the purpose of decentralization. The rationale was to set up local offices that will administer policies and programs that are would be more responsive to the specific needs of the people. Given the diversity of the Philippines, it would be more productive and cost-efficient to have local governments. Each local government unit has the power to create its own sources of revenues subject to guidelines and limitations as the Congress may provide, consistent with the basic policy of local autonomy.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    – The political history of the Philippines shows that the opposition to a centralized form of government goes back to the pre-Spanish era. This is because of the wide diversity of culture in the country, thus there are specific norms for specific geographic areas. It is proper to have local government, but the limitations given by the law and the Congress does not cater to the specific needs of the people. Evidently, the cultural differences had not been considered. Also, given the geographic nature of the country (being an archipelago), it is an administrative nightmare for the seat of power (Manila) to address the needs of far-flung places.

    3. Consider the proposal to transform local governments in federal governments. Justify this proposal.

    – It is imperative that a shift to the federal form of government be made. The political structure of federalism remedies the geographic and cultural obstacles we currently face. This form of government allows for more freedom for each subdivision but also promotes national interest. A federal system can only accelerate the growth of this country, and also put an end to separatist movements. It is time to consider that the way to move forward is through unity in diversity.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    (5 points)

    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.
    – The Republic of the Philippines was subdivided into local governments for the purpose of decentralization. The rationale was to set up local offices that will administer policies and programs that are would be more responsive to the specific needs of the people. Given the diversity of the Philippines, it would be more productive and cost-efficient to have local governments. Each local government unit has the power to create its own sources of revenues subject to guidelines and limitations as the Congress may provide, consistent with the basic policy of local autonomy.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    – The present structure of the government is best suited for the country. There should be a centralized form of government, with autonomous regions for areas where the cultural differences are glaring. The administrative duties can be properly brought to the people this way.

    3. Justify why the current political subdivisions should stay.

    – The status quo must be maintained as this is probably the best way to move forward. There is certainly room for improvement, but a change in the form of government is not necessary. Considering the logistical nightmares a change in government provides, and the possible worsening of separatist movements, a shift to federalism is the closest thing to political suicide.

  10. Concurring Opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.
    The political subdivisions in the Philippines into local governments help our country to have orderliness wherein each claims or problems can be resolved by each local government in our country. It also gives us orderliness in terms of National government transactions wherein we can go directly to our local government to transact all the important matters and they will be the one to assist us.
    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    This rationale is flawed because our government sometimes cannot control or attend to some of its local government which result into a “turtle like” transactions in the government which can lead us to a slow progressing country.
    3. Consider the proposal to transform local governments in federal governments. Justify this proposal.
    According to one site of a senator in the Philippines who also pushes to transform our government into a federal government he says that federalism will hasten the economic development of the country by allocating power heretofore concentrated in the central government to the regions that will now be converted into federal states. Thus this will mobilize their different resources for development without being controlled by the Central or National government.

    Dissenting Opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.
    The political subdivision of the Republic of the Philippines into local government helps our country to utilize all its resources by means of putting up different local government in each of its districts and municipalities.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    The rationale is correct since our government cannot control all of its people in its nation and therefore putting up such these local government can help them maintain orderliness in each districts and municipalities.

    3. Justify why the current political subdivisions should stay.
    Political subdivision should stay so that every people under its nation wont have a hard time to transact all their transactions into just one government, good thing about this political subdivision is that even the unreachable place can be reached by our national government through its Local government.

  11. A. Concurring Opinion:

    The current system is efficient in the way that it is easy to manage distinct proportions of the country. It is, however, flawed because the national government does not treat local government equally.

    Some local governments are given autonomy, while others are not. Some local governments receive larger funds compared to others. The Philippines was not centralized originally. It might be that centralization is really not for us Filipinos.

    Transforming local governments may be a solution to these problems. In this way, federal governments are not totally dependent upon the national government. This can also pave the way to autonomy. Though it is unsure that transformation is better, change is needed if the current system is flawed.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:

    The current government system may not be perfect, but it does not mean that it is totally inefficient. Managing and monitoring governments is a must and the current system allows that to be very easy.

    The more autonomy a local government receives, the harder it is to manage because ways of managing it and monitoring it becomes limited. If the local governments are transformed to federal governments, each can stand up on its own. However, they will be difficult to manage and they will receive less support form the national government.

    The Philippines is a country divided into separate islands but the current system, regardless of this situation, makes the country manageable. With the current system, the national government can support each local government.

  12. A. Concurring Opinion: Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.

    The Philippines is subdivided into territorial and political subdivisions. Each has its own local government that has sufficient power within its jurisdiction. A federal government, like the United States of America, is one in which the powers of the government is divided into two: one for national affairs and one for local affairs where in the local subdivision being supreme within its own territory.

    The rationale that the country is subdivided into subdivisions alone is flawed. Each local government may be given power but such power is still under the care of the national or central government. The local government cannot fully exercise its local autonomy and development if its decisions can still be speculated by higher officials.

    If the local government is transformed into federal governments, each local group can attain its potential since they have supreme control over their jurisdiction. The country will benefit if its subdivisions are well developed.

    B. Dissenting Opinion.

    The Philippines is subdivided into territorial and political subdivisions. Each has its own local government that has sufficient power within its jurisdiction. A federal government, like the United States of America, is one in which the powers of the government is divided into two: one for national affairs and one for local affairs where in the local subdivision being supreme within its own territory.

    The rationale that the country is subdivided into local governments is correct rather than federal governments. Local governments have sufficient power over its territory and therefore less power is given to its official. Less power means less chance of personal involvement to political aggression and dynasty.

    The subdivisions should stay as it is since the local governments are not well developed enough to handle its own affairs alone. A central government should still be able to look into the decisions within the local field.

  13. A. Concurring Opinion:
    (5 points)

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
    into local governments.

    -Transforming our local governments into federal ones makes it easier for us to apply local laws and will give efficiency and stability. Problems are also easily handled and solved. It provides control and equality even within the local regions.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    -It is flawed because it is not well-suited with the geography of the Philippines. Also, not all regions are treated evenly. Some regions are underdeveloped and some even neglect their duties. The people also become more dependent to the central government, resulting to the decline of the capabilities of the people. They don’t fully operate for the good of the community they belong to.

    3. Consider the proposal to transform local governments in federal governments. Justify this proposal.

    -It is crucial that a shift to the federal form of government be completed. The political structure of federalism solves the problem which is the geographic and cultural obstacles we now face. A shift to the federal system can put an end to the separatist movements. This form of government allows for more freedom for each division.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    (5 points)

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
    into local governments.

    -Transforming our local governments into federal ones makes it easier for us to apply local laws and will give efficiency and stability. Problems are also easily handled and solved. It provides control and equality even within the local regions.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    -The government is having some difficulties in managing the nation as a whole. This is noticeable in having a congress that is jam-packed of representatives. The government needed help from more people who are devoted to service for the common good of their countrymen.

    3. Justify why the current political subdivisions should stay.

    -The current political subdivisions should stay because the subdivisions help make our country manageable to govern. Its also help each and every region to develop on their own. It also takes a reduced amount of effort and consumes reduced amount of resources.

  14. 1. RATIONALE IS THAT…
    …the wealth of the Nation must be equitably diffused, so must political power be shared and dispersed. A shared responsibility in a localized government heightens access of the people to decision and policy-making processes, making them achieve maximum peace and order.
    2. THE RATIONALE IS FLAWED BECAUSE…
    …some regions may not be as productive or as well-governed as others. If this happens, there will be wide margins in the social status of the Filipinos. This may also encourage disunity among the citizens of the country
    3. I PROPOSE…
    …that if ever this country will be divided into local regions, they must receive equal monetary allowances from the government to perform their internal activities. They must also contribute their resources to one another to preserve unity among the citizens.
    B.
    1. RATIONALE IS THAT…
    …the unitary system has been a failure in our country. Filipinos in some regions express their frustration because they feel that their area is neglected by our central government. Local governments are made to extend our government’s services up to the most remote places in the country.
    2. THE RATIONALE IS CORRECT BECAUSE…
    …an archipelagic country like the Philippines is hard to manage as a whole. Progress in some areas as a whole, like agriculture and infrastructure are hard to attain. It is a wise choice to divide the country into local governments to maximize the potential of every region to be able to help in the progress of the country as a whole.
    3. THE CURRENT POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS SHOULD STAY BECAUSE…
    …it is a more considerable choice compared to the previous system, which is the federal unitary system. Decentralization encourages the people to unleash their creative energies to the fullest, therefore giving significant contributions to cater to the needs of the country.

  15. A.
    Having political subdivisions was made in order to lessen the burden of the President because it is very hard to govern a country which has 7,107 islands alone.
    It is flawed because some division might have poor leadership and not so progressive as the other divisions.
    We must have a federal government so that each region can act independently on how to become progressive.
    B.
    Having political subdivisions was made in order to lessen the burden of the President because it is very hard to govern a country which has 7,107 islands alone.
    Several leaders must be appointed in order to govern an archipelago well.
    The current political subdivisions should stay because it is not that bad currently.

  16. A. Concurring Opinion

    Local governments are created to help the president manage our government. This helps us to have a more efficient, balanced and stabilized government.

    The rationale is flawed because there is no equal implementation of law. Also, having many local governments, the national government would not be able to give equal attention among them.

    Our government must shift to a federal type of government. Through this, most of the needs of the people may be attended to. Also, this type of government remedies our problem regarding the physical structure of our country.

    B. Dissenting Opinion

    Local governments are created to help the president manage our government. This helps us to have a more efficient, balanced and stabilized government.

    The rationale is correct because having a government with a physical territory like the Philippines is hard to manage. Through the help of the local government, the national government would be able to manage and attend to the needs of their people.

    The present subdivision of our government must remain since it is doing well right now. Also, shifting to a federal type of government is not a good idea since it would take much time and would spend more money to cater its needs. Instead of spending money for the shift, have programs which would benefit local governments.

  17. A. Concurring Opinion:
    (5 points)
    Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
    The Philippines is subdivided into political subdivisions with respect to their territorial subdivision. Each subdivision has its own power create guidelines and limitations as the Congress may provide. This is what we call a Local Government. This is done so that the chain of command in the government as a whole is consistent. Federal Government on the other hand is where government powers are divided into two namely national and local. Their local government is in total control of their respective territory.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    The rationale is flawed due to the fact that there are subdivisions. Though they are only subdivisions, the subdivision heads still have control over their territory and as such they have the authority to implement unjustifiable guidelines and policies which their citizens are obliged to live with.

    3. Consider the proposal to transform local governments in federal governments. Justify this proposal.
    If the local governments are transformed to federal governments then the ties within that territory becomes more powerful. The citizens of that territory together can establish policies which can be of great help for the development to their subdivision.
    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    (5 points)
    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.
    The Philippines is subdivided into political subdivisions with respect to their territorial subdivision. Each subdivision has its own power create guidelines and limitations as the Congress may provide. This is what we call a Local Government. This is done so that the chain of command in the government as a whole is consistent. Federal Government on the other hand is where government powers are divided into two namely national and local. Their local government is in total control of their respective territory.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    The rationale is correct due to the fact that the chain of command is versatile and consistent. Equality is present among all the subdivisions because of the limited power of the governing officers, the president still have the greater control among the territories.

    3. Justify why the current political subdivisions should stay.
    The political subdivisions should stay because the Filipino people believe in democracy and equality. The more equal their standing in life is the better it is for them. Having a federal government among the territories would mean different rights for the people in different territories and thus would mean imbalanced rights for the people.

  18. A. Concurring Opinion:
    (5 points)

    Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.
    – Creating a subdivisions creates political stability. Having subdivisions, the government can manage the country easily. being an archipelago, It provides order for provinces that are far from the capital. The local government can create laws for their subdivisions but it must conform to what the congress provide.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    – Having local government is good for the country. But in our government, we cannot erase bias. One province might get unusual benefit than other provinces. This can limit the proficiency of this provinces. Another flaw is on the law making of provinces. A law in one province might not be a law in another. This gives confusion to the people.

    3. Consider the proposal to transform local governments in federal governments. Justify this proposal.
    – Having a federal government can help our country. This will help every local government prosper independently. This will remedy the problem regarding our country being an archipelago.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    (5 points)

    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
    – Creating a subdivisions creates political stability. Having subdivisions, the government can manage the country easily. being an archipelago, It provides order for provinces that are far from the capital. The local government can create laws for their subdivisions but it must conform to what the congress provide.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    – The Philippine government can manage its territory easily by having a local government. It will also lessen the work of the central government. Having local government, the national government can control all of its territory.

    3. Justify why the current political subdivisions should stay.
    – The subdivision should stay. The current subdivision is doing fine right now. The subdivisions help he government manage its territory easily.

  19. A. Concurring Opinion:

    The rationale for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments is to have a more stabilized and efficient government. It will be easier to manage if there is a local government present in each provinces, cities and municipalities.

    It is flawed because not all local governments are given much attention. The national government is usually focused on the local governments of each city.

    Having federal governments instead of local governments will result to a more independent province/city/municipality. This is good especially for those provinces who seek autonomy because they will be free from the decisions of the national government.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:

    The rationale for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments is to have a more stabilized and efficient government. It will be easier to manage if there is a local government present in each provinces, cities and municipalities.

    It is correct because not all provinces, cities and municipalities have the same needs. Each province, city or municipality will be well-provided for because they are the sole focus of their local government. It also lessens the work shouldered by the national government.

    The current political subdivisions should stay since our country is already struggling with bigger problems, I don’t think our national government can still respond to the mundane problems of each province. Besides, the political subdivisions help the government to easily manage the country.

  20. CONCURRING OPINION

    The Republic of the Philippines has territorial and political subdivisions with each having an individual local government with some authority to act on its own. Local governments make it easier to handle especially having an archipelago composed of 7,107 islands.

    The rationale for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines is flawed. Although local governments are granted local autonomy, there are a few that do not. The national government still has authority over some subdivisions.

    Transforming local government to federal government can greatly help localities develop and flourish since they would be independent of authority from the local government.

    DISSENTING OPINION

    The Republic of the Philippines has territorial and political subdivisions with each having an individual local government with some authority to act on its own. Local governments make it easier to handle especially having an archipelago composed of 7,107 islands.

    The rationale itself is acceptable and unerring. Running under one government would be very difficult to manage barangays, cities, municipalities and provinces. It would be much reasonable and efficient.

    Current political subdivisions should stay because it very well serves its purpose. There is no problem with the government, it is those seated in power.

  21. A. Concurring Opinion:
    (5 points)
    Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.

    1. The Philippines is an archipelago. It is hard for only one large government to run several small provinces and municipalities at the same time. That is why local governments are needed. They will handle a definite population so the national government will have a smaller populace to manage. It is also very efficient and stable

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    It is flawed because each local government is has different elected leaders with different perspectives.

    3. Consider the proposal to transform local governments in federal governments. Justify this proposal.

    The unitary system of the country should be reviewed. It should be studied and revised so that it could become compatible with the country. The system should shift to federalism if revision is not possible.

    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.

    the political subdivisions of the republic of the Philippines into local governments are inevitable. With the fact that our country is composed of 7,107 islands is enough proof that out country should have different local and equal governments.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    This is true for the results can be obviously seen, each local government must worked hard for our country to survive.

    3. Justify why the current political subdivisions should stay.

    the current political subdivisions should stay because each local government are independent of each other. local governments have minimal problems of their own and can be solved diplomaticly.

  22. A. Concurring Opinion:
    1. The reason for dividing the government into local governments is for the National government to supervise each division easily. Supervising small population is easy, that’s why the government divided itself into subdivisions for easy supervision. The local government will supervise its locals, while the national government will supervise the local government.

    2. It is flawed because other towns might suffer from financial crisis because of lack of industrial facilities. The national government is allocating funds for each of the towns, but sometimes it is not enough or the local official is corrupt.

    3. Transforming the local governments into federal governments will greatly help the local governments that seeks autonomy because they will be free from the decisions of the national government.
    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    1. The reason for dividing the government into local governments is for the National government to supervise each division easily. Supervising small population is easy, that’s why the government divided itself into subdivisions for easy supervision. The local government will supervise its locals, while the national government will supervise the local government.

    2. The rationale is correct because having a government is hard to manage. Making a division or local government, the national government would be able to manage and attend to the needs of their people.

    3. The current subdivisions should stay because as we can see, they can survive no matter how they are affected of the financial crisis. Furthermore, our country is experiencing a lot of problems that greatly needs attention and entertaining any minor problems won’t help.

  23. A. Concurring Opinion:
    (5 points)
    Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.
    The rational for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local government ensures political stability and efficiency as well.
    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    The rational is flawed because not all local governments have equal attention. There are unequal distributions of funds and others are almost and sometimes entirely left out.
    3. Consider the proposal to transform local governments in federal governments. Justify this proposal.
    Transformation into federal governments of the local ones will ensure that they will not be left out because they will be funded by the national government, knowing that they could stand up on their own.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    (5 points)

    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.
    The rational for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local government ensures political stability and efficiency as well.
    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    This is correct because the government of the Philippines is stable in its current situation. Officials of the government work rigorously to attain the best possible service to the country.
    3. Justify why the current political subdivisions should stay.
    It should stay because it maintains the proper service that should be given and obtained to the people. Doing some revisions may instill stability problems.

  24. A. Concurring Opinion:

    Our country, considering it is an archipelago, is in need of proper political subdivisions into local governments to ensure that every inhabitant of the Philippines receives proper governance and to provide safety for each individual. For us to achieve that, the participation of local governments is needed so that there would be over all peace and order in our country.

    The rational is flawed because the national government sometimes gives more attention to urban cities rather than the rural ones. In addition to that, the city ordinances are different from each other which disturb the harmonious relationship of some local governments.

    Transforming local government into federal government would give freedom especially to the Muslim community as well as to other local government want to have their own rules be implemented free from the decision of the national government.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:

    Our country, considering it is an archipelago, is in need of proper political subdivisions into local governments to ensure that every inhabitant of the Philippines receives proper governance and to provide safety for each individual. For us to achieve that, the participation of local governments is needed so that there would be over all peace and order in our country.

    The rational is correct because the national government needs the help of the local government so that it would be properly supervised and managed correctly.

    The current political subdivisions should stay because it is already tried and tested to be effective. A federal government would I think would only lead to a total separation of our country like the one proposed that Mindanao would gain its total autonomy and would lead to a unstable condition if not executed properly.

  25. A. Concurring Opinion:
    (5 points)

    The rationale for the political subdivision is to subdivide the power into local governments to provide a more efficient government for a locality.

    The rationale is flawed because in our current situation even if we only have a single government there is so much corruption, political issues and insufficient budget. Making subdivisions will be difficult because it takes time to get use to it, we are not ready for it in terms of virtues, and we don’t have sufficient budget.

    A federal government is suited for regions that are autonomous. It gives them more freedom and independence from government bodies above them. It also gives them more privileges because budgets are being concentrated to their locality, unlike in our current government budgets are centered in places that will be for the benefit of our economy.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    (5 points)

    The rationale for the political subdivision is to subdivide the power into local governments to provide a more efficient government for a locality.

    It is correct because our geographical setting creates differences in our needs, difficult for the government to reach out to some areas and so the benefits provided by the government are distributed unevenly. With a distorted communication and uneven deposition of budgets people experiencing poverty turn rebellious to the government. To avoid this having government subdivisions are favorable.

    Political subdivisions should stay because our country geographically is subdivided also. And so making something permanently divided fit into one is quite difficult and unwise. This strategy will not only be economically helpful but will also help us in maintaining peace among the country.

  26. A. Concurring Opinion:

    Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.

    In order to enhance the effectiveness and political solidity, political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local government is appropriate.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    The rational is flawed because not all local governments have the same level of focus. In fact, distribution of funds in these said areas are not even. For an instance, the imbalanced attention given to these districts

    3. Consider the proposal to transform local governments in federal governments. Justify this proposal.

    Transforming local governments into federal governments will help them establish independence. National government will support the federal government in order to stand for its existence and autonomy.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:

    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.

    In order to enhance the effectiveness and political solidity, political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local government is appropriate.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    Managing progressing provinces and municipalities is much easier to handle. The condition of the government is stable based on the current events.

    3. Justify why the current political subdivisions should stay.

    Political subdivisions of the Philippines should remain in our system because changing these accustomed practice may lead people in much confusion and thus make the system unproductive.

  27. A. Concurring Opinion:
    Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.
    This will give further independence for the people of that specific locale.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    Somehow this rationale is not very effective because the country is already productive as it is and creating this local governments could only further complicate the political processses of the country.

    3. Consider the proposal to transform local governments in federal governments. Justify this proposal.
    The transformation will enable our other countrymen to achieve more independence and practice their culture in a more efficient way therfore making their place a lot more productive.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.
    This will give further independence for the people of that specific locale.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    Altough we are a single country, it cannot be denied that there are still some certain differences with regard to the cultures of different locations in the country, and the geographical structure of the country cannot guarantee that all places are properly attended by the government.

    3. Justify why the current political subdivisions should stay.
    The government can already manage the subdivisions as it is because they have already a set system for it. Changing it could only render it unstable and more complicated.

  28. A. Concurring Opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.

    >> The political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines are the provinces, cities, municipalities, and barangays. It helps the country’s government to be more efficient and stable. It provides control and equality especially within the local regions.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    >> It is flawed because the government sometimes fail to attend in the needs and concerns of some local regions.

    3. Consider the proposal to transform local governments in federal governments. Justify this proposal.

    >> Federal goverments would help make this government better. It gives more attention to the needs and concerns of every citizen.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.
    >> The political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines are the provinces, cities, municipalities, and barangays. It helps the country’s government to be more efficient and stable. It provides control and equality especially within the local regions.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    >> It is correct since the national cannot attend to every concern of everyone, especially in the local region. The country must be politically subdivided into regional or local governments.

    3. Justify why the current political subdivisions should stay.

    >> The current political subdivision should stay because it makes the governance more manageable. This promotes social equality because the concerns of every citizen can be raised through the local government. In this way, the government can do actions on these concerns.

  29. A. Concurring Opinion

    The rationale behind the political subdivisions of the Philippines into local governments is to handle a definite population to make it more stabilized and efficient.

    The rationale is flawed because other local governments are still not given the proper attention because attention is directed to cities that are said to be developing.

    I believe that equal distribution of funds and attention should be given to each municipality. In that way each municipality’s potential will be maximized.

    B. Dissenting Opinion

    The rationale behind the political subdivisions of the Philippines into local governments is to handle a definite population to make it more stabilized and efficient.

    Having a territory as an archipelago it is much easier to handle if it is subdivided into local governments. The government can reach to more number of people and deliver their services to them faster.

    The local governments should stay, for it makes the services of the national government more efficient. It also makes handling the country better and easier. Right now shifting to a federal type of government isn’t really a good idea. For it will consume so much time and money.

  30. A. Concurring Opinion:
    (5 points)
    Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
    into local governments.
    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    3. Consider the proposal to transform local governments in federal governments. Justify this proposal.

    The political subdivisions of the Philippines exist in order to manage government of the different territories within the Philippines. They are divided into smaller, local governments for it to be manageable since there are so many territorial boundaries that exist in the Philippines.

    The rationale is flawed because of the existence of the many boundaries of the Philippines. It is assumed that all laws are acceptable to nearly all parts of the Philippines. The laws created cannot take into account the diversity of the people and places thus, a more independent form of government for each of the territories would be more appropriate.

    The transformation of local government to federal government would be appropriate. That is because federal governments would enable laws to be more “specialized” for the people of its territory. This would help ensure that the government is doing what is appropriate for its people while taking into account the diversity of its people their different interests.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    (5 points)
    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
    into local governments.
    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    3. Justify why the current political subdivisions should stay.

    The political subdivisions of the Philippines exist in order to manage government of the different territories within the Philippines. They are divided into smaller, local governments for it to be manageable since there are so many territorial boundaries that exist in the Philippines.

    This rationale is correct because it makes it possible to manage and direct the government by delegating it into smaller parts so that it would become more efficient. Also it unifies the country as being of one government for all its people.

    The current political subdivisions should stay because it promotes order which would not be present if it would be divided into many, independent parts. All agendas remain focused since the government would work as one, and not many independent factions.

  31. A. CONCURRING OPINION
    (5 points)
    Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.

    The rationale for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments is for the country to be easy to manage. It is easier to manage a country when it is divided into small sectors and these sectors to be manage by small local governments. Also, this will help to maintain the efficiency of governing the country.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    It is flawed for the mere fact that the country will be divided and managed by small local government. Some of the provinces have difficulties in earning their capital to support their respective expenses. Oftentimes, the Philippines Government ignores those small sectors thus leading to poverty on that region. Also, the National Government may not always monitor how those local governments operate.

    3. Consider the proposal to transform local governments in federal governments. Justify this proposal.

    Each sector of a federal government is run by a governor. It is not divided into small provincial government. Instead, it is still under the direct control of the National Government. In this way, the country stays united and the funds are divided evenly.

    B. DISSENTING OPINION
    (5 points)
    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.

    The rationale for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments is for the country to be easy to manage. It is easier to manage a country when it is divided into small sectors and these sectors to be manage by small local governments. Also, this will help to maintain the efficiency of governing the country.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    The rationale is correct because it is better to have local governments to govern and manage their respective provinces and communities. That way, they may be able to focus better on the needs of their people and their region, whereas if they were only run directly by the National Government, it would be difficult for them to communicate and arrange provincial improvements and finances.

    3. Justify why the current political subdivisions should stay.

    Political subdivisions help the National Government in terms of revenues and provincial improvement. It is better to manage a country by dividing it into small sectors and indirectly governing it by assigning them to their respective local government. It also helps in monitoring the progress of each province.

  32. A. Concurring
    The Philippines has local government to help the national government to show their sevices to the Filipino people.
    The rationale is not right because the national service was not totally received by the people within the LGU’s jurisdiction, and the goods are used for corruption. I believe that we should change the local government into federal government.

    B. Dissenting
    The Philippines has local government to help the national government to show their sevices to the Filipino people.
    The rationale was right for as the national government to have control of every town in the Philippines. The current political subdivision should stay because even though corruption is still prevalent, we still receive “reasonable” services from the government and I think, that’s enough for us to live in this country peacefully.

  33. Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines

    The Republic of the Phillipines is divided into regions for the purpose of easier governance.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    However dividing the country to many regions creates many rooms for errors, graft and corruption because every region are under different leaders which broadens the possibility of corruption

    3. Consider the proposal to transform local governments in federal governments. Justify this proposal.

    By transforming the local governments to federal governments Corruption would be decrease as gradually because there would be less leaders and therefore lesser people would have a chance to steal money from the government.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    (5 points)

    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
    into local governments.
    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    The rationale is correct because dividing the country to many regions makes the country easier to rule and it would be more efficient in economic growth of individual regions created.

    3. Justify why the current political subdivisions should stay

    The current political subdivisions should stay because many projects and people would be affected if it would be abolished. Projects such as education, healthcare, and economic projects of different regions of the country would be greatly affected by the abolishment of the political subdivisions.

  34. A. Concurring Opinion:
    (5 points)

    Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
    into local governments.
    -it is divided because it will have order and it is easier to govern.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    -it will be unbalanced because it is hard to monitor many regions at the same time.

    3. Consider the proposal to transform local governments in federal governments. Justify this proposal.
    -when transformed to federal governments the government would maintain equality amongst the regions.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    (5 points)

    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
    into local governments.
    -it is divided because it will have order and it is easier to govern.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    -it is correct because the country will be easier to rule and the local government can focus more on the needs of the people.

    3. Justify why the current political subdivisions should stay.
    – the current political subdivisions should stay because all can work as one and thus, promoting economic growth.

  35. A. Concurring Opinion:

    Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.

    – The political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines provides control and equality even within the local regions.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    – The rationale is flawed because the ordinances are not the same for every municipality. With this, there is no uniformity in the local government.

    3. Consider the proposal to transform local governments in federal governments. Justify this proposal.

    – If the local government is transformed into federal governments, each local group can attain its potential since they have supreme control over their jurisdiction. The country will benefit if its subdivisions are well developed.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:

    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.

    – The political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines provides control and equality even within the local regions.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    – The rational is correct because the national government needs the help of the local government so that it would be properly supervised and managed correctly.

    3. Justify why the current political subdivisions should stay.

    – The present subdivision of our government must remain since it is doing well right now. Also, shifting to a federal type of government is not a good idea since it would take much time and would spend more money to cater its needs. Instead of spending money for the shift, have programs which would benefit local governments.

  36. A. Concurring Opinion:
    (5 points)

    Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
    into local governments.
    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    3. Consider the proposal to transform local governments in federal governments. Justify this proposal.

    The Philippines is subdivided into territorial and political subdivisions. Each has its own local government that has sufficient power within its jurisdiction. This gives equity and stability to the country. A federal government, like the United States of America, is one in which the powers of the government is divided into two: one for national affairs and one for local affairs where in the local subdivision being supreme within its own territory.

    The Philippines is composed of local government. This subdivisions of local government is not best for this country. Though there is said equity but there is no balance because because every division wants to make its own ordinances or law. Also in this form development is little prioritize and budgets for division maybe unbalance due to biases and political influence.

    If the local government is transformed into federal governments, each divisions or territory can have more potential to have growth since they have complete control not absolute over their place jurisdiction. if there will be more room for growth the whole country will benefit from it.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    (5 points)

    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
    into local governments.
    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    3. Justify why the current political subdivisions should stay

    The Philippines is subdivided into territorial and political subdivisions. Each has its own local government that has sufficient power within its jurisdiction. This gives equity and stability to the country. A federal government, like the United States of America, is one in which the powers of the government is divided into two: one for national affairs and one for local affairs where in the local subdivision being supreme within its own territory.

    In form of local governments equity and stability is given. Local governments have sufficient power over its place of jurisdiction therefore not need for an additional. And in this setup it its very cheap not needing of more funds.

    Local government should not be remove. The central government should stay in control to avoid abuse in power in local government. and also the Philippines is not ready politically and financially to support such change.

  37. A. Concurring Opinion:

    Considering Philippines as an archipelago which consists of seven thousand one hundred and seven (7,107) islands, a political subdivision is a need in order to have more efficient government in small provinces and municipalities. It is to ensure that proper governance is provided in every citizen of the Philippines where ever he/she may be.

    This kind of system is flawed because the national government sometimes fail to recognize the needs of the small rural. Not all local governments have equal attention. Sometimes, the budget is unequally distributed among the local governments.

    Transforming the local governments into federal government will be useful especially for those who seek autonomy. This will help other rural areas to stand on their own and to take care of themselves because the budget will be funded by the national government and they are free to implement their own rules. Cultural diversity will no longer be a problem.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:

    Considering Philippines as an archipelago which consists of seven thousand one hundred and seven (7,107) islands, a political subdivision is a need in order to have more efficient government in small provinces and municipalities. It is to ensure that proper governance is provided in every citizen of the Philippines where ever he/she may be.

    The rationale is justified because it is hard for the national government to attend to the needs of every citizen, especially in the local region. The national government needs the help of the local government to properly manage the whole nation.

    The political subdivision should stay because it is effective for our country; especially our country is also divided geographically. This system makes the governance of our nation more manageable and much efficient. Changing the type of government may even cause chaos and confusion due to the sudden change; it will take time to get used to the new form of government.

  38. A. Concurring Opinion

    The rationale behind the political subdivisions of the Republic if the Philippines into local governments is for the local government to easily manage each region and subdivision and lessen the effort of managing the whole country as a whole.

    It is flawed because it is not applicable for the geography of our country. In this kind of set up, it is inevitable that there are some sectors that are not treated the way they should be treated and there are some sectors that are not developed the same way the others are being developed.

    This provision should be reviewed and be revised to a system that us applicable to our country. A shift to a federal government might be a good option if this provision can not be revised.

    B. Dissenting Opinion

    The rationale behind the political subdivisions of the Republic if the Philippines into local governments is for the local government to easily manage each region and subdivision and lessen the effort of managing the whole country as a whole.

    This provision is correct because the Philippines is big enough for someone to manage and check on it alone. It is really advisable that the whole country is subdivided into small sectors.

    Current political subdivisions should stay as it is for prevention of greed and abuse of power to flourish in local officials. And besides, changing this provision would take so much time and effort which can be used for some other important things. I suggest that the current political subdivisions should stay and should not be changed.

  39. A. Concurring Opinion

    The rationale of the transformation of local governments to federal governments, as it allows autonomy of each political subdivision and it also allows political stability of each subdivision and the distribution of power in the government is focused on each autonomous subdivision.

    The rationale is flawed because even if there is autonomy of each subdivision, equal attention, funding and support are not given. There are still some which has a higher priority and the others receive less than the others, which would be unfair to some.

    Transforming local governments to federal governments can help each political subdivision to be independent and choose their own decision without interference from any other external influences and they are funded by the national government. Transformation of local to federal also allows autonomy of each political subdivision, as some favors autonomy.

    B. Dissenting Opinion

    The rationale of for the political subdivision of the Philippines into local governments is because it is difficult to centralize the power of the government in one location since the Philippines is an archipelago, the center of power cannot stay only in Manila, because there are many cities and municipalities and provinces in the Philippines and therefore local governments is a must to handle a definite population. It also allows stability of the nation, as the national government would only have to handle the local government as the populace and not the whole population of the Philippines.

    The rationale is correct because if we base it on current status of the Philippine government, it is still quite stable. The handling of each municipality and city gives efficiency to the national government in handling the local governments.

    Changing the local governments into federal governments may be difficult to implement because people are already used to the current system of government. Any implementation of changes may result to an uproar in the masses.

  40. A. Concurring Opinion:
    Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.
    >The rationale for the political subdivisions into local governments makes it easier for to apply local laws and will provide stability, problems easier to handle and it provides control over local sectors.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    > The rationale is flawed first because the national government may not be able to give equal attention among them. Secondly, people also become more dependent to the government, resulting to the rejection of their own capabilities. Lastly, some local governments may not be given as much attention (for Philippines is archipelagic) as other localities resulting to slow progression.

    3. Consider the proposal to transform local governments in federal governments. Justify this proposal.
    > Federalism will speed up economic development of the country by allocating power to the regions that will now be converted into federal states. Some regions that seem invisible before may be given more attention than before.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.
    >The rationale for the political subdivisions into local governments makes it easier for to apply local laws and will provide stability, problems easier to handle and it provides control over local sectors.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    >The rationale is correct for subdivisions into local government makes controlling and handling of people easier. Every region may be given a chance to improve or have progression locally at the same time, help in the progression of our country. A way of the government of having the best and efficient service to the people.

    3. Justify why the current political subdivisions should stay.
    >Current political subdivisions should stay for we are not yet that stable to shift to that way. Changing the political subdivisions of the Philippines may not be easy as of now. People are used to on what we have today. It will take much time to change which should be alloted to other things. Thus it must stay.

  41. A. Concurring Opinion:
    (5 points)
    Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.
    The Philippines being an archipelago has placed the government to decide that it is better to place it to local governments. It will be more service-oriented and people-oriented.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    The rationale is flawed precisely because the government is not free from people who are corrupt and dishonest. Basically, service won’t be delivered equally and people won’t be heard if the government officials have this attitiude.

    3. Consider the proposal to transform local governments in federal governments. Justify this proposal.
    Federal governments may be effective because the responsibility will be more focused, the same goes with the budget. It will be minimized complications when it comes to dealing with funds shared by different projects in different provinces.
    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    (5 points)
    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.
    he Philippines being an archipelago has placed the government to decide that it is better to place it to local governments. It will be more service-oriented and people-oriented.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    Local government will be more efficient because services will be addressed when the local government officials have more means to go to them and be available for the people. People can now reach out to them and make them aware of the problems that need to be solved.

    3. Justify why the current political subdivisions should stay.
    Political subdivisions should stay because it is more efficient and effective in such a way that needs are addressed and problems are taken cared of.

  42. A. Concurring Opinion:
    (5 points)
    Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
    into local governments.

    Local governments are needed because of the fact that the Philippines is made up of numerous island therefore making it hard to govern them all at the same time, thus making local governments a necessity.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    Because of the fact that there will be some places that will always be helped by the national government plus the local governments can only do so much thus when in need of greater help it takes too much time before it arrives.

    3. Consider the proposal to transform local governments in federal governments. Justify this proposal.

    Federal governments have independence and will no longer depend on the higher authority to make important decisions.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    (5 points)
    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
    into local governments.

    Local governments are needed because of the fact that the Philippines is made up of numerous island therefore making it hard to govern them all at the same time, thus making local governments a necessity.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    The current status of the government is somewhat stable therefore having a local government is more efficient.

    3. Justify why the current political subdivisions should stay.

    Even though changing it would be beneficial it would take a lot of resources to implement and also since the citizens are more accustomed to the ways are now it would be difficult to change it, thus it should stay the way it is now

  43. A. Concurring Opinion:
    (5 points)

    Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
    into local governments.

    The rationale is that by having subdivisions the local government can manage its resources very well.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    The rationale is flawed because having subdivisions, other local governments that have less income can not have the same benefits like the other local government.

    3. Consider the proposal to transform local governments in federal governments. Justify this proposal.

    Transforming local governments into federal governments can have an advantage because they will have their own resources and power. They will not depend on the higher authority.
    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    (5 points)

    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
    into local governments.

    Local governments can only have their advantage when they don’t have resources and they can depend on the government.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    The rationale is correct because having local governments can have equal benefits. They can be managed well.

    3. Justify why the current political subdivisions should stay.
    The current political should stay so that other poor local governments can have fair benefits.

  44. A. Concurring Opinion:
    (5 points)
    Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.
    The Republic of the Philippines is subdivided into local governments is so that it will be more organized and more efficient.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    The rationale is flawed since not all of the local governments can be monitored thoroughly. Because of this some local governments may not receive enough attention or support.

    3. Consider the proposal to transform local governments in federal governments. Justify this proposal.
    Transforming local governments into federal governments will help each one become more self-supporting and independent. Each federal government will be supported by the national government and be granted power to make decisions regarding their own areas of responsibility.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    (5 points)
    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.
    The Republic of the Philippines is subdivided into local governments is so that it will be more organized and more efficient.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    It is correct because this system has been used for quite a long time and it has managed to retain its stability. The Philippines are composed of many regions and even more provinces. Its very hard to manage each province if we only have one big government.

    3. Justify why the current political subdivisions should stay
    They should stay because the people are already used to it. Changing it might cause a big disorder.

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