QUIZ 4: ARTICLE XI (Accountability of Public Officials)

Write a concurring opinion and dissenting opinion for the motion.

TRANSFER THE IMPEACHMENT POWER FROM CONGRESS TO THE SUPREME COURT

Article XI, Sections 3, Paragraphs 2-4.

Section 3. (1) The House of Representatives shall have the exclusive power to initiate all cases of impeachment.
(2) A verified complaint for impeachment may be filed by any Member of the House of Representatives or by any citizen upon a resolution or endorsement by any Member thereof, which shall be included in the Order of Business within ten session days, and referred to the proper Committee within three session days thereafter. The Committee, after hearing, and by a majority vote of all its Members, shall submit its report to the House within sixty session days from such referral, together with the corresponding resolution. The resolution shall be calendared for consideration by the House within ten session days from receipt thereof.
(3) A vote of at least one-third of all the Members of the House shall be necessary either to affirm a favorable resolution with the Articles of Impeachment of the Committee, or override its contrary resolution. The vote of each Member shall be recorded.
(4) In case the verified complaint or resolution of impeachment is filed by at least one-third of all the Members of the House, the same shall constitute the Articles of Impeachment, and trial by the Senate shall forthwith proceed.

A. Concurring Opinion:
(5 points)

Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.

1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the impeachment power of Congress.
2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
3. Consider the proposal to transfer the impeachment power to the Supreme Court.
Justify this proposal.

B. Dissenting Opinion:
(5 points)

Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).

1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
into local governments.
2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
3. Justify why the impeachment power should stay in Congress.

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43 Responses

  1. A. Concurring Opinion:
    (5 points)
    Make a case for the transfer of impeachment power from Congress to the Supreme Court.
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the impeachment power of Congress.
    The rationale for the impeachment power of Congress is the President has so much power and no one would be able to put him/her out of position. The congress also represents each district, party and the whole nation.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    The rationale is flawed because some members of the Congress are allies of other public officials especially the President. They could overturn the decision in favor of the official to be impeached.

    3. Consider the proposal to transfer the impeachment power to the Supreme Court.
    Justify this proposal.
    The impeachment power should be transferred to the Supreme Court because they are independent from legislative and executive department. They are unbiased when it comes to decisions.
    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    (5 points)
    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the impeachment power of Congress.
    The rationale for the impeachment power of Congress is the President has so much power and no one would be able to put him/her out of position. The congress also represents each district, party and the whole nation.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    The rational is correct because the Congress also represents the whole nation by district and party. Whatever their decision, it is to be represented by Congress to be also the decision of the people as the sovereign of the nation.

    3. Justify why the impeachment power should stay in Congress.
    The Congress also represents the people of the nation and the people are the sovereign of the nation. The decision of the Congress will be represented as the decision of the nation.

  2. A. Concurring Opinion:
    Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the impeachment power of Congress.
    -The President is the highest power in the nation. If he abuses that power, there is no one higher than the President to stop these unjust actions. A countermeasure is placed in the Constitution so that if the President ever abuses his power, he can be removed by impeachment by the Congress. Even though the Congress is lower in power than the President, they represent the majority of the people who holds a greater power than anyone.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    -The Congress is made up of the House of Representatives, consisting of 250 or more representatives, and the Senate, made up of 24 senators. Most of them may be loyal or agrees to the President’s beliefs and actions. They could overturn the decision of the Congress to impeach the President because of the majority of votes to reject the case.

    3. Consider the proposal to transfer the impeachment power to the Supreme Court.
    Justify this proposal.
    -The Supreme Court is an unbiased department of the government. It can handle the impeachment case without any bias to any side. It will handle the case based on the evidences and statements and not on the loyalty and favor to any side.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the impeachment power of the Congress.
    -The President is the highest power in the nation. If he abuses that power, there is no one higher than the President to stop these unjust actions. A countermeasure is placed in the Constitution so that if the President ever abuses his power, he can be removed by impeachment by the Congress. Even though the Congress is lower in power than the President, they represent the majority of the people who holds a greater power than anyone.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    -The Congress is the representation of the each district, party and the whole nation. The nation holds much more power than the President so their decision is much higher. As the embodiment of this power, the Congress exercises the decision of the nation to impeach the President should he be proved unworthy to lead.

    3. Justify why the impeachment power should stay in Congress.
    -As a countermeasure to the abuse of the President’s power, the Congress, the representation of the decision of the nation, should decide the removal of the President. They will voice the decision of the nation when they people also think that the President is unworthy to be the leader anymore.

  3. A. Concurring opinion

    The president is vested great powers by the constitution. Upon mis-use of these powers and privileges, the congress, made up of representatives of various districts, as a representative of the entire nation, is given greater power above anyone else that may be used for the motion of removal of power of the president.

    The problem here is that the congress is made up of 240 officials. The number of people involved can be a factor. The number of the president’s allies and those who oppose him can vary greatly, and that can be used by the president as a form of leverage to retain his power. The senate on the other hand is composed only of four senators. It takes less resources consumed for them to make the decision as to whether or not the president keeps his powers.

    The decisions regarding impeachment should be transferred to the supreme court since the supreme court takes the impeachment complaints as a trial, basing decisions from evidences and testimonies gathered. It is also a part of the government that acts independently from the executive department and congress, thus reducing the “bias factor”.

    B. Dissenting Opinion

    The president is vested great powers by the constitution. Upon mis-use of these powers and privileges, the congress, made up of representatives of various districts, as a representative of the entire nation, is given greater power above anyone else that may be used for the motion of removal of power of the president.

    The congress is a representation of the entire nation. The nation, mainly the people, have a higher power than the president because they were the ones who placed the president in his position. Their decision is as good as the decision of the citizens of the country.

    As already stated before, the decision of the congress represents the decision of the nation. It is an indirect decision made by the representatives of each district that makes up the entire nation.

  4. A. Concurring Opinion:
    (5 points)

    Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the impeachment power of Congress.
    —>the congress has the power to impeach because each town,municipality, city and party list has a representative in congress. each congressman represents his district.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    —>1 representative per district is not enough the number representing the people of a community should be higher.

    3. Consider the proposal to transfer the impeachment power to the Supreme Court.
    Justify this proposal.
    —> this is better because the supreme court is a body that is unbiased and it can handle cases like this with out compromising their reputation

    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    (5 points)

    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
    into local governments.
    —>the congress has the power to impeach because each town,municipality, city and party list has a representative in congress. each congressman represents his district.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    —> having a representative per district makes the voices of people be heard. and it is just that the people should decide whether or not the the leader should already step down.

    3. Justify why the impeachment power should stay in Congress.
    —. it should stay in the congress because the number of people who will decide on the matter is far greater and the opinion of each district in the country will be heard if the power stays in the congress

  5. Concurring Opinion:
    The lower house or what we called the House of Representatives which houses the Congressman or Congress women of every districts in the Philippines starting from Region 1 up to ARMM. They have the power to proposed an impeachment to the President of theRepublic provided that they have these credible evidences that really shows the wrong doings of the President while he/she is still in his/her term.
    But, a lot of people is questioning this kind of power given to the house of representative since as most of the people can see to them that House of Representatives is not a unified body, wherein this house is divided in terms of political aspect, the Opposition who are in contradict to the way how the President runs our country, and we also have the administration who supports every project that the President proposes or does.
    How can we let our trust to these kind of people if they themselves are not in unity? They have different groups wherein every groups has his or her own claims regarding the way the president runs our country.
    Suopreme court is one of an epitome of a true Equality here in our Counrty. They possess the values of Justice that should be felt and an Equal treatment that every man of this country deserves, comparing it to our House of Representatives, shouldn’t we let the Supreme Court files an impeachment for the President whenever he/she commits a wrong act in accordance to our constitution. Since the Supreme Court body houses all the justices who are knowledgeable enough to handle this kind of matter. Not saying that house of Representatives are not knowledgeable, but in terms of experiences the Supreme Court are well capable for this matter.

    Dissenting Opinion:
    The impeachment cases usually starts in the House of Representatives, wherein they are the ones who file a case against the President whenever the President commits an act which is prohibited in the Philippine Constitution.
    A Lot of people would think why does the Power of impeachment of the President belongs to the House of Representatives? , however they do not know that the impeachment process only starts in the House of Representatives and they do not actually decide whether its right or wrong, that is why our government is divided into the upper and lower houses. Lower houses are the people from the House of Representatives as we have discussing a while ago, they are the ones who file an impeachment against our President. There are lots of process that this file will undergo, after filing from the House of Representatives, this will be forward and handle by the Upper houses which composed of the Senate Body. And they will be the one whol will investigate whether this proposal is valid or not and usually it takes a lot of time discussing this matter.
    If I were to proposed an amendment, the Lower houses and the Upper houses of the Philippines should not be joined force or be removed, each one of them serves as a “SIFTER” for each and everyone claims in the government.

  6. A. Concurring Opinion:

    Power to impeach is a power vested upon the congress. The congress, however, is not a body that is centered on trying cases, because they are a law-making body not a judicial body.

    Power to impeach should be transferred from the congress to the supreme court. It is because the supreme court is a body constructed to try cases such as these. In short, they are experts in this area. The requirement for them to be in their positions allow them to be able to judge fairly, righteously and witfully. The congress, however, does not have these kind of requirements. This makes judgments they make unreliable and biased.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:

    The congress represents each district, party and the whole nation. Therefore, they represent the opinion of the Filipino people. The decision whether the nation still wants its ruler, namely the president, must be in their hands. It is only right that the power to impeach the president is vested upon them.

    Great power is vested upon the president, and this also comes with a great responsibility. Misuse of this power is not something tolerable. It is something that the Filipino people, represented by the congress , can see needless of degree. The Filipino people has the right to strip the president of these powers.

  7. A. Concurring Opinion:
    (5 points)

    Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the impeachment power of Congress.
    – This power is given to he Congress as an assurance that the President has no complete power over the people. This assures the commitment to democracy of our nation.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    – The rationale is flawed because even if the Congress is representative of the people, they can still act upon their own discretion. Congressmen cannot be exempted from having any bias because they are ,after all, still human.

    3. Consider the proposal to transfer the impeachment power to the Supreme Court.
    Justify this proposal.
    – The power to impeach should be given to the Supreme Court because they do not decide upon discretion alone. They act according to whatever evidence they have. Most of all, they have just the right training for prudent decision making.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    (5 points)

    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the impeachment power of Congress.
    – This power is given to he Congress as an assurance that the President has no complete power over the people. This assures the commitment to democracy of our nation.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    – The rationale is correct because the Congress is the voice of the people in the hierarchy of the government. They were put into power by the people because they have their trust. When they put the power to impeach into action, it’s as if the people are voicing out their opposition to the leadership of the current president.

    3. Justify why the impeachment power should stay in Congress.
    -The power to impeach should be the power of the people since it is also the people who gave the President the power to lead the nation. It is only just that they have the right to take that power back and give it to someone more deserving. And there is no better representation of the people than the Congress.

  8. A. Concurring Opinion:
    (5 points)
    Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the impeachment power of Congress.

    -The President is the uppermost authority in the nation. There is no one higher than the President to prevent these undue actions if he abuses that power. It is the congress job to impeach the president if ever the president abuses his power.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    -The rationale is flawed, basically because of the president’s influence. The Congress is composed of the House of Representatives consisting of 240 representatives, and the Senate is consisting of 24 senators. Some of these officials can favor the president, thus, they could overturn the decision of the Congress to impeach the President.

    3. Consider the proposal to transfer the impeachment power to the Supreme Court.
    Justify this proposal.

    -The Supreme Court can handle the case based on the evidences and statements and not on the loyalty any side. They are the unbiased department of the government. The Supreme Court is more capable than the House of Representatives because of their experience and credibility.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    (5 points)
    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
    into local governments.

    -The President is the uppermost authority in the nation. There is no one higher than the President to prevent these undue actions if he abuses that power. It is the congress job to impeach the president if ever the president abuses his power.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    -The congress represents each district, thus, they represent the opinion of the Filipino people. It is just and right that the power to impeach the president is vested upon them.

    3. Justify why the impeachment power should stay in Congress.

    -The congress represents the voice of every Filipino in the country. The decision of the congress represents the decision of the nation so the impeachment power should stay in the congress.

  9. A. Concurring Opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the impeachment power of Congress.
    Impeachment is the first of two stages in a specific process for a legislative body to consider whether or not to forcibly remove a government official from office. The impeachment itself brings the charges against the government.
    Impeachment does not necessarily result in removal from office; it is only a legal statement of charges, parallel to an indictment in criminal law. An official who is impeached faces a second legislative vote (whether by the same body or another), which determines conviction, or failure to convict, on the charges embodied by the impeachment. Most constitutions require a supermajority to convict. Although the subject of the charge is criminal action, it does not constitute a criminal trial; the only question under consideration is the removal of the individual from office, and the possibility of a subsequent vote preventing the removed official from ever again holding political office in the jurisdiction where he was removed.
    Impeachment is the equilibrant in the political system of every government. We all know that the nation has the power to choose its leaders but not to remove them from their seat of power.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    The rationale is flawed because the impeaching power could be abused to remove an official without justifiable grounds.

    3. Consider the proposal to transfer the impeachment power to the Supreme Court.
    Justify this proposal.
    Since the Congress is part of the Legislative body, they should just focus on their task to provide a better performance of the Legislative body. They should not meddle with the accounts of giving out jurisdictions and decisions regarding sensitive issues in the government. And since the Supreme Court is not dependent on either of the Legislative and Executive department, they should be able to pass out an unbiased judgment.
    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.
    Impeachment is the first of two stages in a specific process for a legislative body to consider whether or not to forcibly remove a government official from office. The impeachment itself brings the charges against the government.
    Impeachment does not necessarily result in removal from office; it is only a legal statement of charges, parallel to an indictment in criminal law. An official who is impeached faces a second legislative vote (whether by the same body or another), which determines conviction, or failure to convict, on the charges embodied by the impeachment. Most constitutions require a supermajority to convict. Although the subject of the charge is criminal action, it does not constitute a criminal trial; the only question under consideration is the removal of the individual from office, and the possibility of a subsequent vote preventing the removed official from ever again holding political office in the jurisdiction where he was removed.
    Impeachment is the equilibrant in the political system of every government. We all know that the nation has the power to choose its leaders but not to remove them from their seat of power.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    The rationale is correct because the Congress is a part of the law-making body of the government. They should be able to pass a correct judgment on the case of an official that is to be impeached since they are able to determine the grounds for impeachment.

    3. Justify why the impeachment power should stay in Congress.
    The impeachment power is to stay in the Congress in order to lessen the work of the judiciary department. This would make the judiciary more efficient and judgment be passed out fairly with respect to the Congress.

  10. A. Concurring Opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the impeachment power of Congress.
    >>The rationale for the impeachment power of the Congress is to put balance in the president’s power. This gives the rest of the country an assurance that the president would not abuse his/her rights.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    >>The rationale is flawed because the Congress is composed of more than 200 members. This means 200 plus opinions, ideas and arguments to be considered, and most of these members are in line or in favor with the president.

    3. Consider the proposal to transfer the impeachment power to the Supreme Court.
    Justify this proposal.
    >>The power should be transferred to the Supreme Court because bias issues will not be a problem, since they are an independent group. Also, they are the ones who know the law by hearts, and are capable enough to know what is just.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the impeachment power of Congress.
    >>The rationale for the impeachment power of the Congress is to put balance in the president’s power. This gives the rest of the country an assurance that the president would not abuse his/her rights.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    >>The rationale is correct because it takes away the power of the president to be in full control. The Congress is a good representation to decide for each and every citizen of this country.

    3. Justify why the impeachment power should stay in Congress.
    >>The people are the sovereign of the nation, and it is just right that they are the ones who decide what’s best for it through the representation of the Congress. The Congress’ decisions counts as the decision of the whole nation.

  11. 1. RATIONALE IS THAT…
    …the Congress is made up of the representatives of the masses. And, since this government is run by democracy, the decision whether the president should or should not step down from his/her position is in the hands of the masses, through their representatives.
    2. THE RATIONALE IS FLAWED BECAUSE…
    …the reputation of the existing government, together with the members of the congress, is questionable, there may be a possibility, for example, that a number of congressmen are in allegiance with the president, and they may be enough to prevent an impeachment case against the president.
    3. I PROPOSE…
    …that the power of impeachment be shared by the judiciary and congress altogether. This is to blend the democracy and freedom of the citizens with the knowledge and sound judgement of the courts of justice.
    B.
    1. RATIONALE IS THAT…
    … the Congress is made up of the representatives of the masses. And, since this government is run by democracy, the decision whether the president should or should not step down from his/her position is in the hands of the masses, through their representatives.
    2. THE RATIONALE IS CORRECT BECAUSE…
    …the congress represents the nation. And since we are a democratic country, the congress has the right as well as the duty to file a case of impeachment if seems a must for the people of the country.
    3. THE IMPEACHMENT POWER SHOULD STAY WITH THE CONGRESS BECAUSE…
    …they represent the people of the Philippines. It should follow, if they perform their duties accordingly, that if they hold a case against an official, it is the nation’s decision as well.

  12. A. Concurring Opinion:
    (5 points)
    Make a case for the transfer of impeachment power from Congress to the Supreme Court.
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the impeachment power of Congress.
    – The Philippine politico-administrative structure is composed of the three branches of government: the executive, legislative and judiciary. Each branch performs its own functions, while maintaining a degree of independence from one another. However, given the history of abuse in each of the departments in every democratic country in the world, a system of check and balance was implicitly included in the Constitution as a safeguard. The Constitution gives each branch powers which limit the powers of the other two. It is for this reason that the power to impeach was vested on the Congress. The Lower House, with representatives from the different districts of the Philippines, starts and deliberates on the impeachment process. Upon approval by a one-third vote of all its members, the complaint is forwarded to the Senate for trial.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    -The present political situation highlights the absurdity of the provision which grants the power to impeach on the Congress. At present, the impeachment process has boiled down to a numbers game, whoever has more allies in the Congress wins. With the President’s political machinery in control of the Lower House, the system of check and balance is no longer in place. What’s left behind is a monstrosity, with abuse tolerated at every turn.

    3. Consider the proposal to transfer the impeachment power to the Supreme Court.
    Justify this proposal.
    – It is but rational for the impeachment power be transferred to the Supreme Court. After all, it is the judiciary’s function to hold trials with the least prejudice and bigotry as possible. The Congress, composed of biased individuals at the beck and call of the President, holding the power to impeach is close to violating the very essence of having a system of check and balance in place. It is very close to contradicting the tenets of democracy.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    (5 points)
    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the impeachment power of Congress.
    – The Philippine politico-administrative structure is composed of the three branches of government: the executive, legislative and judiciary. Each branch performs its own functions, while maintaining a degree of independence from one another. However, given the history of abuse in each of the departments in every democratic country in the world, a system of check and balance was implicitly included in the Constitution as a safeguard. The Constitution gives each branch powers which limit the powers of the other two. It is for this reason that the power to impeach was vested on the Congress. The Lower House, with representatives from the different districts of the Philippines, starts and deliberates on the impeachment process. Upon approval by a one-third vote of all its members, the complaint is forwarded to the Senate for trial.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    – It is only appropriate that the Congress hold the power to impeach, as the district and party-list representatives, as well as the Senators, represent the will of the Filipino nation. It gives the Filipino people an indirect participation in the impeachment process, which is only proper as this is a democratic country.

    3. Justify why the impeachment power should stay in Congress.
    – The power to impeach must stay with the Congress. This is necessary to preserve the voice of the Filipino people, as the Congress gives the most apt representation for whatever the Filipino has to say.

  13. A.
    The impeachment power was given to the Congress so that if ever the President was not fit to do the job, they can take him/her out of seat.
    Congress are divided into two, one is the pro-President and another is the anti-President that is why it is flawed.
    The spreme court must have the power to impeach the President because they are independent from the powers of the President.
    B.
    The impeachment power was given to the Congress so that if ever the President was not fit to do the job, they can take him/her out of seat.
    It is only correct for the Congress to have the power to impeach the President because they are composed of people in each part of the country.
    The power to impeach should stay in Congress in order to preserve balance to the government.

  14. A. Concurring Opinion
    The Congress is given the power to impeach the President. The Congress is made up of Congressmen representing their respective district. This power is given to them to balance the power of the President. This is reassuring the nation that the President would never abuse the powers vested to him/her.

    The rationale is flawed because this power could be abused. Such abuse of power may result to the removal of the President from his/her position. Also, considering that most of the representatives are in favor of the President, then, the impeachment complaint would not be a success.

    The impeachment power should be transferred to the Supreme Court because they are considered to be a group independent of the powers of the President. They may decide whether to pursue the complaint or not without any bias from other political groups.

    B. Dissenting Opinion

    The Congress is given the power to impeach the President. The Congress is made up of Congressmen representing their respective district. This power is given to them to balance the power of the President. This is reassuring the nation that the President would never abuse the powers vested to him/her.

    The rationale is correct because the Congress is a group of representatives coming from different district. They are the ones who know what the people want. These Congressmen represents the whole Filipino nation in the impeachment complaints.

    The power of impeachment must remain in the hands of the Congress. This is to preserve the democracy of our government since they represent the voice of the Filipino people.

  15. A. Concurring Opinion:
    (5 points)
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the impeachment power of Congress.
    The congress has a representative of all subdivisions in the Philippines. A voice of a congressman is a voice of the district. The combination of these voices will sum up the voice of the Philippines. If an impeachment complaint is present it is like the whole Philippines is handling the impeachment when it is in the congress.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    The rationale is flawed due to the fact that there are too many congressmen yet only 1/3 votes are needed to proceed with the impeachment. At least 51% of the total number should vote to proceed so that it is still a majority choice. Also a number of these congressmen are pro-president making the impeachment votes a big issue.

    3. Consider the proposal to transfer the impeachment power to the Supreme Court.
    Justify this proposal.
    If the power to impeach is transferred to the Supreme Court, a much more balanced and efficient way of impeachment will ensue. The Supreme Court consists of law practitioners therefore they know better than anyone what wrong doings have been done by the president making him/her undergo impeachment trial.
    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    (5 points)
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.
    The congress has a representative of all subdivisions in the Philippines. A voice of a congressman is a voice of the district. The combination of these voices will sum up the voice of the Philippines. If an impeachment complaint is present it is like the whole Philippines is handling the impeachment when it is in the congress.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    The rationale is correct due to congressmen being the representative of a district. A voice of a district is important when it is concerned with national issues. Filipino gives democracy a top priority therefore their choices, grievances and recommendations must be heard for them to be satisfied.

    3. Justify why the impeachment power should stay in Congress.
    The Congress should have the impeachment power so that all districts are participating making all the voices of all the people in that district have a great importance in justifying whether or not the president should stay in his/her position or not.

  16. A. Concurring Opinion:
    (5 points)

    Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the impeachment power of Congress.
    – The president is the head of the state. The president is the most powerful person. If the president abuses his power for his personal gain, an impeachment can be filed by the congress. An impeachment filed by the congress is like an impeachment filed by the state itself. The congress is a representative of the people.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    – Not all the member of the congress are true to their job. Some of the members are in favor of the president. Note that one third of the members should vote to continue the impeachment or to override the impeachment. If some members are in favor of the president, then they can override the impeachment making the president stay in power.

    3. Consider the proposal to transfer the impeachment power to the Supreme Court. Justify this proposal.
    -Having the supreme court handle the impeachment case is favorable to the people. The supreme court is considered a separate department with the executive and legislative. This can limit the bias within the impeachment complain.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:

    (5 points)

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.
    – The president is the head of the state. The president is the most powerful person. If the president abuses his power for his personal gain, an impeachment can be filed by the congress. An impeachment filed by the congress is like an impeachment filed by the state itself. The congress is a representative of the people.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    – Giving the congress the power to impeach the president have also favorable effect. Remember that the congress is he representative of the people. What the congress acted is also the decision of the people.

    3. Justify why the impeachment power should stay in Congress.
    – The power should stay with the congress. The congress is the representative of the people. They know what the people of the state feels about the president. The congress are the voice of the people in the government.

  17. A. Concurring Opinion:

    The President is the highest figure of authority in a country. Therefore, if he/she abuses his/her power, the only way to stop him/her is through impeachment. The power to impeach is given to the Congress in order to put a stop in the abusive rule of the President.

    The rationale is flawed because some members of the Congress are loyal followers of the President. So if it ever comes to a point where there is a need for an impeachment, the vote of its members will be divided.

    The proposal to transfer the impeachment power to the Supreme Court is good because the Supreme Court doesn’t base its decisions in the favors made by any side. It will handle the case with ease and the people can be rest assured that the decision will be based on the evidences presented.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:

    The President is the highest figure of authority in a country. Therefore, if he/she abuses his/her power, the only way to stop him/her is through impeachment. The power to impeach is given to the Congress in order to put a stop in the abusive rule of the President.

    The rationale is correct because the Congress also represents the voice of the people. It is only right to vest them this power.

    The impeachment power should stay in Congress because they know what the people want and their decision only reflects the decision of the citizens.

  18. CONCURRING OPINION

    As president of the Republic of the Philippines, he is vested by the Constitution with various powers. However, if the President utilizes these powers/privileges for his personal gain, the House of Representatives shall have the exclusive power to remove him from power.

    The rationale for the impeachment power of the Congress is flawed. Impeachment complains on President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo has been filed recently but was also nullified. This only shows that even though each district or municipality has a representative in the Congress, it does not guarantee that the President can be removed from power.

    I propose that the impeachment power of the Congress be transferred to the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court is definitely the most capable to handle and approach situation such as this with discretion. It acts freely and independent of bias. Prerequisites to be in Congress is nothing compared to that of the Supreme Court. Fairly enough, they are far more knowledgeable with the law.

    DISSENTING OPINION

    As president of the Republic of the Philippines, he is vested by the Constitution with various powers. However, if the President utilizes these powers/privileges for his personal gain, the House of Representatives shall have the exclusive power to remove him from power.

    The rationale for the impeachment power of the Congress is correct. Members of the Congress represent the people of their respective districts and municipalities. It is the people’s right to decide whether the President deserves to be one.

    The impeachment power should stay in Congress. I believe that there is no better representation of the people other than the Congress. Chief justices of the Supreme Court have also been appointed by the President himself, bias therefore becomes a factor.

  19. Concurring Opinion

    1.) The impeachment power is given to the Congress it cannot given to a single official, e.g. the President. If so, he/she might abuse his/her powers and thus, no one can impeach him/her. At least, if a single member of the Congress will be filed an impeachment complaint, there are 200 more Members who will vote on whether to affirm a favorable resolution with the Articles of Impeachment of the Committee.

    2.) Political Tactics are applied usually during impeachment. Allies of the impeached public official in the Congress can be a factor that is why the rationale is flawed. The impeached official needs at least 2/3 of the Members to void the filed complaint against him/her. We never know who his/her allies are in the House of Representatives. This already happened in the Erap Estrada Impeachment trial were in the “No Votes” resulted to the unopening of a certain document that might lead to Erap being guilty. This led to the famous People Power 2 or Edsa Dos.

    3.) Basically, the judging of such impeachments is the job of our Judiciary Department. They are more knowledgeable in impeachment stuffs because they are experienced lawyers, unlike in the Congress, not all are lawyers.

    Dissenting Opinion

    1.) The impeachment power is given to the Congress it cannot given to a single official, e.g. the President. If so, he/she might abuse his/her powers and thus, no one can impeach him/her. At least, if a single member of the Congress will be filed an impeachment complaint, there are 200 more Members who will vote on whether to affirm a favorable resolution with the Articles of Impeachment of the Committee.

    2.) The rationale is correct because Members of the Congress are basically our REPRESENTATIVES per district whom we voted during the election. They represent us, thus, we entrust them of their duties and obligations.

    3.) There is no other public official in the Philippine Government fitted in Impeaching except the Congress. They are basically our representatives, so whatever their decision is, it’s as if we already voted through them. They are like our voice in the political world.

  20. A. Concurring Opinion:
    (5 points)
    Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the impeachment power of Congress.

    the President is the most poferful leader in our country, people elected the president because they trust him/her to make right decisions but if the president no longer function effectively people also has the power to choose their representetives is they want the president to be impeached.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    The rationale is flawed because some members of the Congress are allies of other public officials especially the President. They could overturn the decision in favor of the official to be impeached.

    3. Consider the proposal to transfer the impeachment power to the Supreme Court.
    Justify this proposal.

    The power to impeach should be given to the Supreme Court because they do not decide upon discretion alone. They act according to whatever evidence they have. Most of all, they have just the right training for prudent decision making.

    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
    into local governments

    A countermeasure is placed in the Constitution so that if the President ever abuses his power, he can be removed by impeachment by the Congress. Even though the Congress is lower in power than the President, they represent the majority of the people who holds a greater power than anyone.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    The rationale is flawed because even if the Congress is representative of the people, they can still act upon their own discretion. Congressmen cannot be exempted from having any bias because they are ,after all, still human.

    3. Justify why the impeachment power should stay in Congress.

    The power to impeach must stay with the Congress. This is necessary to preserve the voice of the Filipino people, as the Congress gives the most apt representation for whatever the Filipino has to say.

  21. A. Concurring Opinion:
    (5 points)
    Make a case for the transfer of impeachment power from Congress to the Supreme Court.
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the impeachment power of Congress.
    Having the president holding so much power in the country, the congress serves as a stabilizer or countermeasure to the said powers thus rationalizing the impeachment powers of the congress.
    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    It is flawed because some of the members of the congress may be allied to the president, thus, making the impeachment power rather powerless and unusable.
    3. Consider the proposal to transfer the impeachment power to the Supreme Court.
    Justify this proposal.
    Impeachment powers should be given to the Judiciary specifically to the Supreme Court because the decisions of the Court are unbiased and always fair.
    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    (5 points)
    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the impeachment power of Congress.
    Having the president holding so much power in the country, the congress serves as a stabilizer or countermeasure to the said powers thus rationalizing the impeachment powers of the congress.
    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    The rationale is correct because the Congress can also be seen as part of the voice of the people. Being representatives, whatever is the decision of the Congress is also the decision of the citizens.
    3. Justify why the impeachment power should stay in Congress.
    The decisions made by the Congress will represent everyone part of the country which appointed them. Thus, making every decision like the decision of the people.

  22. A. Concurring Opinion:

    The rationale for the impeachment power of Congress is that even the President amidst the greatness of her power must abide by the law or else put down in his or her position by means of impeachment.

    The rationale is flawed because some members of the Congress are allies of the President. The President can easily manipulate them so that impeachment cases with insufficient evidences can only be processed and most likely fail.

    The impeachment power should be transferred to the Judiciary because they are independent from the legislative and executive department. The President will find it difficult to manipulate the results of the investigations and will be more cautious in abiding by the law.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:

    The rationale for the impeachment power of Congress is that even the President amidst the greatness of her power must abide by the law or else put down in his or her position by means of impeachment.

    The rational is correct because the Congress represents the nation (district and party). Their decision is also the decision of the people as the sovereign of the nation. And there have been cases where the President ‘s impeachment are made successful which proves their effectiveness as holders of the power to impeach.

    The Congress also represents the people of the nation and the people are the sovereign of the nation. The decision of the Congress will be represented as the decision of the nation.

  23. A. Concurring Opinion:
    Make a case for the transfer of impeachment power from Congress to the Supreme Court.
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the impeachment power of Congress.
    The congress is considered a fall back of the people if ever teh president decides to abuse the powers given to him/her. This is because of their capability to impeach the president.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    It is easy to influence certain people specially when your a person of power. This can be applied to our president and the members of congress, with what the president can do in our country, it still human nature to be absorbed by this power to manipulate people, specially the ones with the capability to take this power from you.

    3. Consider the proposal to transfer the impeachment power to the Supreme Court.
    Justify this proposal.
    Since they are the ones who run the law of the country. it can be trusted that their judgement upon this matter is credible.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the impeachment power of Congress.
    The congress is considered a fall back of the people if ever teh president decides to abuse the powers given to him/her. This is because of their capability to impeach the president.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    The congress is appointed by the people of their own districts so its safe to assume that their decisions are approved by the people they represent.

    3. Justify why the impeachment power should stay in Congress.
    It has been proven with the past experiences of the country that the congress is an effective way to state the thoughts of the country with regard to the president’s performance. It is only right for this power to stay in the conress.

  24. A. Concurring Opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the impeachment power of Congress.

    >> The House of Representatives has the power to initiate all cases of impeachment. This prevents the President to abuse his/her power.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    >> It is flawed because the population of the House of Representatives is quite large, and so it would be harder to discuss since many opinions will arise. Some of these members are even affiliates of the President, and so the decision may be influenced.

    3. Consider the proposal to transfer the impeachment power to the Supreme Court.
    Justify this proposal.

    >> Since the Supreme Court is independent, the impeachment power must be transferred to it. The members of the Supreme Court are experts in law, and therefore they know when the President is already abusing his/her power.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the impeachment power of Congress.

    >> The House of Representatives has the power to initiate all cases of impeachment. This prevents the President to abuse his/her power.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    >> The rationale is correct because it lessens the full control and power of the President. The members of the Congress are representatives of local regions, and therefore, they can voice out what their co-citizens are complaining about the President.

    3. Justify why the impeachment power should stay in Congress.

    >> Impeachment power should stay in the Congress because the Congress is composed of representatives from different localities. Therefore, they have the right to file impeachment cases, since they are representing their citizens’ complaints and concerns about the President.

  25. A. Concurring Opinion

    The power of impeachment is given to the congress to make sure the president wouldn’t abuse his/her power. Also the congress has more number of members that directly represents their districts and parties.

    It is flawed for the congress is actually doesn’t have enough knowledge in deciding upon those matters. They are a law making body. The impeachment turn out will not so reliable because of the number of a people involve in deciding. Most of them might be allies of the president so greater number of people will not vote for impeachment.

    It would be best if the people will decide upon that matter. The people should be given the power to vote whether to impeach or not the sitting president. It is them who placed him/ her on that sit so it is just right if they are the ones who will put him/ her out of that sit.

    B. Dissenting Opinion

    The power of impeachment is given to the congress to make sure the president wouldn’t abuse his/her power. Also the congress has more number of members that directly represents their districts and parties.

    It is right to give the power to the congress for they have the greatest number of members in the 3 bodies. For they best represent the people of the Philippines for they directly represent smaller group of people.

    The power should stay in the congress for it is the body the represents the people.

  26. A. Concurring Opinion:

    The president is considered to be the most influential and the most powerful person in a state. The power to impeach is given to the Congress in order control the abusive rule of the President.

    The reason why the rational becomes flawed is because the more allegiance of the president the more he/she becomes less vulnerable regarding the issues of misusing political power. It is like the impeachment case is crippled by the congressman by alliance of the President which dominating in terms of numbers.

    Passing the impeachment power to the Supreme Court is a good idea because they are far more knowledgeable in studying the law.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:

    The president is considered to be the most influential and the most powerful person in a state. The power to impeach is given to the Congress in order control the abusive rule of the President.

    The rational is correct because the Congress is the representative of every Filipino citizen. They serve as a voice of the people unified as one. So whatever would be their decision it is considered to be also the decision of the people because we placed them in that position to decide regarding that matter.

    Every district’s representative is part of the impeachment process so the decision of the Congress is reflected upon as the decision of the nation

  27. A. Concurring Opinion:
    (5 points)
    Make a case for the transfer of impeachment power from Congress to the Supreme Court.

    The Congress has the power to remove the President from power because there may come a situation where the President is unfit or unqualified to lead the country. That power is given to Congress as a “fail safe” to guard against the abuse of power by the President.

    The problem with this is because of the possibility that the President has many allies in Congress. The decision on impeachment is done by voting and if the President has many allies, the power to impeach an improper President is wasted.

    The power must be transferred to the Supreme Court, the judiciary department. That is because their decision on such matters would be based on law, which is assumed to be unbiased.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    (5 points)
    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).

    The Congress has the power to remove the President from power because there may come a situation where the President is unfit or unqualified to lead the country. That power is given to Congress as a “fail safe” to guard against the abuse of power by the President.

    This is a correct rationale because Congress also represents the will of the people. If the deem the President to be unworthy of his/her power, then this means that they believe the President to be unable to fulfill his/her role of acting in the best interest of the people thus, must be must be removed from power.

    The congress represents the different opinions of the people of the Philippines. If many members of Congress find the President unable to fulfill his/her duties, then they should have the power to do something about it. A President must be the leader of the country and if that leader is not trusted then he/she in unfit to lead.

  28. A. CONCURRING OPINION
    (5 points)
    Make a case for the transfer of impeachment power from Congress to the Supreme Court.

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the impeachment power of Congress.

    The Philippine Government is composed of three branches namely: executive, legislative, and judiciary. Each branch has its limitation and grounds. The legislative is the one who handle the impeachment trial for the mere fact that it is composed of law makers and representatives of each district. In removing the President in his/her position, every person must have its say about the issue. This is only possible when the legislative department is the one handling the trial.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    The congress is divided depending on who they side with, administration or opposition. This is the flawed of the rationale. The trial may be biased due to these divisions.

    3. Consider the proposal to transfer the impeachment power to the Supreme Court. Justify this proposal.

    The Supreme Court is composed of experienced justices who are not biased and neither side on the administration or the opposition. They may have more knowledge about the violations of the laws.

    B. DISSENTING OPINION
    (5 points)
    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.

    The Philippine Government is composed of three branches namely: executive, legislative, and judiciary. Each branch has its limitation and grounds. The legislative is the one who handle the impeachment trial for the mere fact that it is composed of law makers and representatives of each district. In removing the President in his/her position, every person must have its say about the issue. This is only possible when the legislative department is the one handling the trial.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    The President is voted by the people thus it is the people who must decide if they want him/her out of position. The legislative department is the branch of government which has the representative of each district. Thus, it is the legislative department who must handle the impeachment trial.

    3. Justify why the impeachment power should stay in Congress.

    The congress is composed of senators and the House of Representative. For the people to have a say about the issue, the congress is the one who must conduct the impeachment trial.

  29. A. Concurring Opinion
    Power to impeach is a power vested upon the congress.
    The congress should not be involved in the power of impeachment because of self of gratitude. Allies of the president will vote no for the impeachment .

    B. Dissenting
    the filipino nation is still the ruler. if they like the president then it shoul be on their hands.
    The sovereign people holds greater power than the President so their decisions are to be acknowledged. The filipino people has the power to impeach the president.

  30. A. Concurring Opinion:

    Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the impeachment power of Congress.

    – The impeachment power of Congress is made so that the power of the president shall not be abused by the president.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    – Some of the members of the congress may be in favor of the president. For this reason the impeachment may be impost.

    3. Consider the proposal to transfer the impeachment power to the Supreme Court.
    Justify this proposal.

    – Passing the impeachment power to the Supreme Court is a good idea because they are far more knowledgeable in studying the law.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:

    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines into local governments.

    – The impeachment power of Congress is made so that the power of the president shall not be abused by the president.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    -The congress represents each district, thus, they represent the opinion of the Filipino people. It is just and right that the power to impeach the president is vested upon them.

    3. Justify why the impeachment power should stay in Congress.

    – The impeachment power should stay in Congress because they know what the people want and their decision only reflects the decision of the citizens.

  31. A. Concurring Opinion:

    The President is given so much power and sometimes it comes to a point where the President abuses this power, thus when that time comes the President may be impeached by the Congress. The power to impeach the President is given to the congress because they serve as the representative of each district and the whole nation.

    The rationale is flawed because sometimes the members of the congress are affiliated with the President, thus even when the President abuses his/her power he/she is still not questioned by the congress, just like the issue today, where President Arroyo seems to be immune to any impeachment investigations due to her influence in the Congress.

    Giving the Supreme Court the power to impeach the President is a good proposal since members of the Supreme Court is supposedly expert in law, they would already know when the President is abusing his/her power, and also the supreme court is independent, thus its decision would likely be less biased compared to the Congress.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:

    The President is given so much power and sometimes it comes to a point where the President abuses this power, thus when that time comes the President may be impeached by the Congress. The power to impeach the President is given to the congress because they serve as the representative of each district and the whole nation.

    The rationale is acceptable because the Congress, like the President, represents the people of the Philippines. This means we trust them to be our voice and hand, thus we believe that they will do what is the best for us.

    The power to impeach should stay to the Congress because they are the representatives of each district and the whole nation. They serve as our voice. What ever they do reflects upon the nation. People should just be careful in choosing their representative. They should learn how to vote wisely.

  32. A. Concurring Opinion

    The rationale behind this provision is that the President has so much power and that there should be someone or a group of people that could put him down from office. The Congress is the best group of people which can be vested this power because like the President they represent the people in their sector.

    It is flawed because some of the members of the Congress is in favor of the President and if ever the time comes to make a decision about the impeachment of the President, their decision will be biased.

    The Supreme Court can handle the impeachment without bias. This department imposes no loyalty or bias to any side of the case.

    B. Dissenting Opinion

    The rationale behind this provision is that the President has so much power and that there should be someone or a group of people that could put him down from office. The Congress is the best group of people which can be vested this power because like the President they represent the people in their sector.

    The rationale for this provision is correct because the members of the Congress represents also the people under their sector. Whatever decision they make represents the decision of the sector they represent.

  33. A. Concurring Opinion

    The rationale of the impeachment power of the congress is that the president cannot impeach himself/herself and it must fall under the procedures of the legislative department. Also the Congress is the direct representation of each district and municipality and they are the most appropriate to impeach.

    The rationale is flawed because there are political alliances, and some members of the Congress are allies of the president, therefore it allows biasing and unjust decisions.

    The impeachment power must be possessed by the Supreme Court, since the Supreme Court is a party of the Judiciary which is independent to both the legislative and executive departments of the government. And the Supreme Court is a part of the justice department and must produce unbiased decisions.

    B. Dissenting Opinion

    The President is the embodiment of the power of the Filipino nation. He/she holds the highest power and it can be abused, and if the impeachment power were to be bestowed upon him/her, he/she cannot be replaced anymore if there were to be anomalies. That’s why the impeachment power is vested on the Congress, even if the Congress holds power less than that of the president, but the Congress represent the nation.

    The rationale is correct because the Congress is the embodiment of power of each city, municipality, and province and therefore they can exercise the power of impeachment if they see the President unfit and unworthy to lead the country,

    The Congress is the representation of each district in the Philippines. They hold the power to impeach the President if seen unfit,.

  34. A. Concurring opinion: Make a case for the transfer of impeachment power from congress to Supreme Court.

    Congress has legislative power which is essential in making and altering laws. The impeachment power is vested in congress. The Supreme Court however has judicial power which is for applying laws to disputes and cases.

    The rationale is flawed. The impeachment proceedings can be related to judicial power since it allows the official to be on trial. Therefore such power may be inappropriate in congress which is a legislative body.

    The impeachment power can be proposed to be transferred to the Supreme Court. The Congress may still initiate the process but the decision should be made by the Supreme Court since they have judicial power and that the judicial power is fitting in trials.

    B. Dissenting Opinion.

    Congress has legislative power which is essential in making and altering laws. The impeachment power is vested in congress. The Supreme Court however has judicial power which is for applying laws to disputes and cases.

    The rationale that the congress has impeachment power is correct. Judicial action is different from impeachment because such action has a corresponding punishment prescribed by law. Impeachment, however, aims only for the removal from office, not punishment for the misdemeanour committed.

    The congress represents the people since its members are chosen by the people. The decisions made within the congress can be considered as the decision of the people as well. The impeachment can be related to the voice of the people and that this way is just suitable for a democratic government.

  35. A. Concurring Opinion:

    Make a case for the transfer of impeachment power from Congress to the Supreme Court.

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the impeachment power of Congress.
    >The rationale for the impeachment power of the Congress is to balance the power of the president. The president is given much power, so the congress, made up of representatives of various districts, in case of abuse of powers of the president. The Congress is given greater power that may be used for the motion to impeach the President.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    >The rationale is flawed because its just a third of the House members are required to approve the motion to impeach the President. Most of the members of the Congress may be in favor to the president due to the exchange benefits they get from the president. Thus, making the president invulnerable of impeachment.

    3. Consider the proposal to transfer the impeachment power to the Supreme Court.
    Justify this proposal.
    > The power in an impeachment case should be transferred to the Supreme Court to avoid bias issues. The Supreme Court, being a judicial body is more capable than the Congress for they hold credibility.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:

    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the impeachment power of Congress.
    > The rationale for the impeachment power of the Congress is to balance the power of the president. The president is given much power, so the congress, made up of representatives of various districts, in case of abuse of powers of the president. The Congress is given greater power that may be used for the motion to impeach the President.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    >The rationale is correct because the congress as the embodiment of the sovereign people holds much power than the president himself/herself. Thus, making the voice of the people heard in case of impeachment complaints.

    3. Justify why the impeachment power should stay in Congress.
    >The impeachment power should stay in Congress for it gives people a chance to be heard. For what the Congress’ decisions is the sovereign people’s decision for they are voted and given the trust by the people.

  36. Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the impeachment power of Congress.
    -The house of representatives has the authority to initiate an impeachment case against an official. If one third of the House’s population voted to continue the impeachment case, then it is forwarded to the supreme court as they will be the one to handle the case.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    -The rationale is flawed because political bias is present upon the decision of the House of the Representatives having knowledge that the President has the power over the Pork Barrel of the House members therefore it hinders the House’s ability to conduct a fair judgment in impeaching a President.

    3. Consider the proposal to transfer the impeachment power to the Supreme Court.
    Justify this proposal.
    -Standing to what it was named. The Supreme Court must have the power to initiate and handle Impeachment cases. Because this sector of is unbiased and therefore they would have a better edge in handling Impeachment cases of our leaders.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    (5 points)

    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
    into local governments.
    -The power of impeachment was vested upon the congress because had it been vested upon an individual, the authority of proceeding Impeachment cases may be abused.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    -It is correct because it prevents the abuse of Impeachment cases against our officials.

    3. Justify why the impeachment power should stay in Congress.
    -The impeachment power should stay in Congress because it remains balance int the usage of the Impeachment authority. by having a number of house members to decide on an impeachment case, it would be a good thing because the reasons for proceeding the impeachment case would be thoroughly discussed by the members of the HOUSE

  37. A. Concurring Opinion:
    1. The congress is composed of one representative per division. The whole congress will represent the voice of the Filipino people. If an impeachment complaint is present it is like the whole Philippines is handling the impeachment when it is in the congress.
    .
    2. The Congressmen may be biased. They might help the president not to be impeached. The decision on impeachment is done by voting and if the President has many cronies, the power to impeach a President is illogical.

    3. The power must be transferred to the Supreme Court, the judiciary department. That is because their decision on such matters would be based on law, which is assumed to be unbiased.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    1. The congress is composed of one representative per division. The whole congress will represent the voice of the Filipino people. If an impeachment complaint is present it is like the whole Philippines is handling the impeachment when it is in the congress.
    .
    2. The Congressmen may be biased. They might help the president not to be impeached. The decision on impeachment is done by voting and if the President has many cronies, the power to impeach a President is illogical.

    3. The power must be transferred to the Supreme Court, the judiciary department. That is because their decision on such matters would be based on law, which is assumed to be unbiased.

  38. A. Concurring Opinion:
    (5 points)
    Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the impeachment power of Congress.
    The Congress is composed of the House of Representatives, consisting of 250 or more representatives, and the Senate, made up of 24 senators. This is enough representatives from the people who can outweigh the position and power being questioned in impeachment cases of the President.
    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    It is flawed because some of the members of the Congress are of the same party with the President. They are not protected from going biased when it comes to questioning the highest authority in the country.

    3. Consider the proposal to transfer the impeachment power to the Supreme Court.
    Justify this proposal.
    The Supreme Court has the better grasp of our laws and has the greater background when dealing with case procedures such as the impeachment. They have long years of practice to be able to analyze properly the case at hand. The Supreme Court knows how trials are being played and overturned.
    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    (5 points)
    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the impeachment power of the Congress
    he Congress is composed of the House of Representatives, consisting of 250 or more representatives, and the Senate, made up of 24 senators. This is enough representatives from the people who can outweigh the position and power being questioned in impeachment cases of the President.
    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    The Congress having the impeachment power is but rightful because it is the next most powerful department in the country next to the Executive Department.
    3. Justify why the impeachment power should stay in Congress.
    The impeachment power should stay in Congress because it represents even the smallest group in the country. It is more closer to the people when it comes to hearing their concerns and addressing their needs. It should stay in Congress because it is an issue that even the minor groups should gain participation.

  39. A. Concurring Opinion:
    Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the impeachment power of Congress.

    It is because of the President having great power in which if he/she should abuse that power there needs to be power that can disable the President from abusing his/her powers and must also be able to represent majority of the people.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    It is flawed because there are numerous members of the congress in through which some of them may be loyal to the President or in the worst case scenario majority of them thus will make the power of impeachment null.

    3. Consider the proposal to transfer the impeachment power to the Supreme Court. Justify this proposal.

    It would do good because of the fact that the Supreme Court is an unbiased Department through which will examine the case unbiased making this proposal justified.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the impeachment power of the Congress.

    It is because of the President having great power in which if he/she should abuse that power there needs to be power that can disable the President from abusing his/her powers and must also be able to represent majority of the people.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    The Congress is the representation of each part of the nation thus making them worthy of having the power to impeach the President if he/she is proven to be unworthy of the position.

    3. Justify why the impeachment power should stay in Congress.

    It should stay in the Congress so as that if ever the President misuses the power we would have a counter measure to remove that power from him/her.

  40. A. Concurring Opinion:
    (5 points)

    Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the impeachment power of Congress.
    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    3. Consider the proposal to transfer the impeachment power to the Supreme Court.
    Justify this proposal.

    The president, when elected, inherits power from the constitution. Upon misuse of these powers, the congress, that is made up of representatives of various districts, is also represents the people or nation, is given power above anyone else that may be used for the motion of removal of power of the president.

    The congress is made up of 240 officials.This vast number of deciding minds can affect the outcome of any impeachment trial. As we also know alliances (party) are present the president has his allies that can prevent such investigation. The senate also has 14 members, though it has less members it does not eliminates biases. And why give them this power if they can just process other needs of the country. This trials takes a lot of resources that can be inconvenient.

    The power for impeachment should be transferred to the supreme court since the supreme court practice justice and this is what are the made up to do. This will decrease the bias in the decision making. This also shows that the executive department is independent of the judicial department.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    (5 points)

    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
    into local governments.
    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    3. Justify why the impeachment power should stay in Congress

    The president, when elected, inherits power from the constitution. Upon misuse of these powers, the congress, that is made up of representatives of various districts, is also represents the people or nation, is given power above anyone else that may be used for the motion of removal of power of the president.

    The congress is also a representation of the entire nation.
    They are also voted by the majority of the people. As an embodiment of the people so it is right that they will have to the power for impeachment it is as good as the people making the impeachment.

    The decision of the congress represents the decision of the nation. Though it is indirect is it as good as the nation doing it.

  41. A. Concurring Opinion:
    (5 points)
    Make a case for the transfer of impeachment power from Congress to the Supreme Court.

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the impeachment power of Congress.
    The Congress has the power to impeach so that the powers of the president are kept in check. The Congress is made up of representatives from each district, so it basically represents the entire country.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    The rationale is flawed because the people have no say in what the actions of the Congress will be. The Congress could remove the president from office even if the people do not want it or vice versa.
    3. Consider the proposal to transfer the impeachment power to the Supreme Court.
    Justify this proposal.
    The Supreme Court is more unbiased in making decisions as compared to the Executive or the Legislative Department. That’s why the impeachment power should be transferred to the Supreme Court.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    (5 points)
    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the impeachment power of Congress.
    The Congress has the power to impeach so that the powers of the president are kept in check. The Congress is made up of representatives from each district, so it basically represents the entire country.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.
    It is correct because the Congress also represents the whole nation. The members are elected by the people so they have been trusted with such a responsibility.

    3. Justify why the impeachment power should stay in Congress.
    The Congress is composed of more than 250 representatives. Matters such as impeaching the President should be decided upon by a large number of people such as the Congress.

  42. A. Concurring Opinion:
    (5 points)
    Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the impeachment power of Congress.

    The President is the most powerful leader in our country, people elected the president because they trust him/her to make right decisions but if the president no longer function effectively people also has the power to choose their representatives is they want the president to be impeached.

    2. . Explain why the rationale is flawed.
    It is flawed because some of the members of the Congress are of the same party with the President. They are not protected from going biased when it comes to questioning the highest authority in the country.

    3. Consider the proposal to transfer the impeachment power to the Supreme Court.
    Justify this proposal.

    The power for impeachment should be transferred to the supreme court since the supreme court practice justice and this is what are the made up to do. This will decrease the bias in the decision making. This also shows that the executive department is independent of the judicial department.

    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    (5 points)
    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).
    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the impeachment power of the Congress.

    The current state is useful because there will be a right way in ousting the president.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    The rationale is correct because it will lessen the presidents power.

    3. Justify why the impeachment power should stay in Congress.

    The impeachment power should stay in Congress because it will be the way to oust the president and it will give the president fear to do unwanted things.

  43. A. Concurring Opinion:
    (5 points)
    Make a case for the transformation of local governments into federal governments.

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the impeachment power of Congress.

    The highest authority & power in the nation is bestowed upon the President. If ever it happened that the president abuses the power that he has, the Congress has the authority to impeach the president since they embody the nation itself.

    2. Explain why the rationale is flawed.

    The Congress is made up of the House of Representatives, consisting of 250 or more representatives, and the Senate, made up of 24 senators. The rationale is flawed because some of them might take the side of the president to be impeached even if his actions are illegitimate. Thus, the purpose of impeachment might be defeated.

    3. Consider the proposal to transfer the impeachment power to the Supreme Court.
    Justify this proposal

    The impeachment power should be transferred to the Supreme Court because they are independent from legislative and executive department. They have the capability and authority to make their unbiased decision by basing it on evidences and not on allegiance

    B. Dissenting Opinion:
    (5 points)
    Make a case for the status quo (current state of affairs).

    1. State the rationale (reason for being) for the political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines
    into local governments.

    The highest authority & power in the nation is bestowed upon the President. If ever it happened that the president abuses the power that he has, the Congress has the authority to impeach the president since they embody the nation itself.

    2. Explain why the rationale is correct.

    The rationale is correct because it takes away the power of the president to be in full command. The Congress would be good representative to make the decision for the citizens of its nation.

    3. Justify why the impeachment power should stay in Congress.

    The power to impeach must stay with the Congress. This is necessary to preserve the unity of the voice of the Filipino people since the Congress is reflection the views of the people.

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